michigan rabies law for cats

As the disease progresses, the symptoms become more severe including insomnia, anxiety, confusion, slight or partial paralysis, excitation, hallucinations, agitation, increase in saliva, difficulty swallowing, and fear of water. Once these symptoms occur, the disease is nearly always fatal. Rabies is required in most counties because it is a public health issue, but is a county by county law so you would need to check with your own county. Rendered Wednesday, December 30, 2020 Page 1 Michigan Compiled Laws Complete Through PA 249 of 2020 Legislative Council, State of Michigan Courtesy of www.legislature.mi.gov Rabies 1 year - $10. Ifanimal is NOT available, must proceed as if positive Strays may be unvaccinated and could be infected with rabies. The majority of reported cases occur in wild animals such as raccoons, skunks, bats, and foxes. However, any mammal can become infected if they are exposed. These symptoms may last for days. As a result, unvaccinated pets and domestic animals that are exposed to a potential rabies carrier may be required to be euthanized. If the MDH requests a rabies test, the animal must be euthanized and tested for rabies. RABIES LAWS IN THE UNITED STATES as of 11/2014. (In addition to a dramatically lowered life expectancy, there is an increased risk of disease.) The virus infects the central nervous system resulting in disease within the brain and then death. Michigan law, but is strongly recommended due to the predatory nature of cats). Rabies vaccinations are $15 per animal. Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the application for a license shall be accompanied by a valid certificate of a current vaccination for rabies, with a vaccine licensed by the United States department of agriculture, signed by an accredited veterinarian. Although pets often receive multiple vaccines, there is only one disease for which vaccination is required by law: RABIES.. Rabies vaccines are given between 16 and 26 weeks of age in most states (governed by law). Any penetration of the skin by teeth is a bite exposure. |���%���n?����毣Y�l����}���=���?���/��y�Jp�Y�S?Ȏ��ه?f>���f'�������(~ʎ���9�������5~ۭ�U5g��,���B�ȏd������� Cx����e� 78~ Q�Y�'��N�9��섥���3�a�:�����ZVHh|W�ũ���S�)"�F��M� �vC`d>;A纚���h�t�>����(������� tӓOz��~�:�*gsM�ѵ+��c?����Y�ԏ��,Ǚ�a�����X�QH� sv�H�a�W�o���w��u���~���C���1B$>p���G0I���W8��{R���ӳ�$~��~��A�͇ ��@봢�P89G���p?b��@ݞ��h$��]a���� ?=8�/om:oK��/ڂ[ȏ�����n=��k��O[�TƉ��3�极�9���������-���֪2c��q��n�ϵ]�6��yF�+� Tm[.�Q�臘5n� #O|P4I�a⥙�Q�$�G�w���{��B8�m)*����"�a)yvפo!ͣ�%�O#1���A҇��Yp�D��"0[��*n��Bt�i�G�;��nq��nq�\|KC�~&�g\~ø�b�a�-D�ݩ�?ߠ���~�e�ܡ FccSXl& �k�n�/�M��\l��'��+�z��H��>S��R��MQ�,E!4`/�&I��U�tXc�q�g�Ug= � Call animal control for assistance in these situations. Samples of serum, cerebral spinal fluid, saliva, and skin are necessary. Under Indiana law, all dogs, cats and ferrets older than 3 months of age must be vaccinated against the rabies virus. The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services Bureau of Laboratories is the only laboratory in Michigan that can test animals for rabies. FVRCP Vaccination - $10 Michigan law requires that dogs and ferrets must be vaccinated for rabies and it is recommended that all cats and any domestic livestock in contact with the public be vaccinated if a licensed vaccine exists. Spay or neuter you pets to help reduce the number of unwanted animals that may not be properly cared for or regularly vaccinated. This year, it is set for 2 to 4 p.m. April 25 at Woodhaven City Hall, 21869 Hall Road. endobj In situations where a bat has been in close contact with people, if possible, safely confine the bat and contact your local health department to determine if it should be tested for rabies or can be let go. Rabies Post-exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) is highly effective in preventing rabies in people possibly exposed to a rabid animal, if administered before symptoms develop. • MDNR’s position: “Feral cats can be freely hunted; hunter is responsible for determining if the cat is owned or wild” (Jason Abraham, MDNR, Furbearer Specialist) – “an unowned cat is undomesticated” • “Pet” an animal for which . A dog or cat must be re-vaccinated at least every three years after receiving the second rabies shot. Rabies can affect all mammals. Counties are placed under a 60-day quarantine when rabies is confirmed in a terrestrial animal such as a dog, cat, skunk, etc. Most exposures fall under two categories, bite and non-bite. The virus is present primarily in the saliva, brain tissue and spinal fluid of a rabid animal. In people, the symptoms initially include fever, headache, and general weakness or discomfort. Rabies 1 year - $10. Keep vaccinations up-to-date for all dogs, cats, ferrets, horses, cattle, and sheep. A humane agent, an animal control officer or a law enforcement officer may ask an owner or keeper of a cat or dog to present proof of a certificate of rabies vaccination from the … The Michigan Humane Protect-A-Pet clinics offer low-cost, age-appropriate vaccinations against Distemper, Parvovirus, Rabies and other deadly diseases as well as low-cost microchipping for dogs and cats of pet owners. Treatment at this stage is typically supportive. Teach children NEVER to handle unfamiliar animals, wild or domestic, even if they appear friendly. A case of rabies has been confirmed in a pet cat in Michigan. Do not attempt to capture or feed feral cats. Michigan law requires that dogs and ferrets must be vaccinated for rabies and it is recommended that all cats and any domestic livestock in contact with the public be vaccinated if a licensed vaccine exists. … How Can I Prevent Being Exposed to Rabies? <> Animals are not considered immunized for at least 28 days after the initial or primary vaccination is administered. Rabies is a viral disease typically found in wild animals—most commonly raccoons, bats, skunks and foxes. It is important to quickly and accurately identify rabies in animals that may have exposed a person or a pet, in order to provide for the timely administration of post-exposure treatment. Please contact local animal control or professional pest services for assistance in capturing a wild animal. NEVER adopt wild animals or bring them into your house. Tests to detect virus and antibodies produced by the body against rabies virus are used to make a diagnosis of rabies in a person. Florida West’s F.S.A. Rabies vaccines are very effective and are usually given to kittens at three to four months of age. The circumstances under which a bite happened are important and help to determine if rabies is a concern from the bite. Do not keep wild animals or exotic animals as pets. Rabies virus is contained in the saliva or brain tissue of a rabid animal. Learn about rabies in bats and other animals, how to prevent rabies, and what to do if bitten or scratched by an animal. How is rabies prevented once a person has been potentially exposed? Dogs and cats also need to have their DHPP and FVRCP vaccines, respectively. Counties are placed under a 60-day quarantine when rabies is confirmed in a terrestrial animal such as a dog, cat, skunk, etc. Both indoor and outdoor cats are at risk for contracting rabies. Vaccinating pets prevents them from getting rabies and is one of the most effective ways in preventing rabies exposure in people. We have general guidelines, but your vet can help you determine the optimal rabies vaccination schedule. KCASE is mandated by law to follow this protocol for Kalamazoo County. Animal bites should be reported to the local health department. Available when owners show proof of a previous rabies vaccination. Keep vaccinations up-to-date for all dogs, cats, ferrets, horses, cattle, and sheep. In the U.S., all 50 states require vaccination for rabies. Rabies is a fatal disease that is transmissible to any warm-blooded animal, including humans. Hawaii's dog and cat import law is designed to protect residents, visitors and pets from the potentially serious health problems associated with the introduction and spread of rabies. ���_���朎'&��O��F��*��� ���y4w��dp�`���a�z8C�\�2?���k{�A�-D4��&�M����E�@F�f`��+s�S"��n��2�KR�a5���3������`�e�͢����S������i�W?�&�Q������N��4Tuh�Z\�9� ��xhB�� �Z'"�R��QK�9X�2�Y;Q��;��ڀ�S�?�:9 DN���&:5�[ _k����[D���_�@jPv���Ri�Q�z��Ή {�ֲM%Q�@�Low� @!�K�6�}�g힆��v[��;l�B�ll,JL#�ִ�_LZQ��Zɺ]/Q�c _��������n>=�3xO��]4Q�x�l�I�B����x�P�HJ;����?MD�Ja�abF�q�s�5]�G'���b����(��@ԒtR��/\�}�S��GP��� :-��1J�6b�{2�@9��oRU�oˎ� Rabies virus becomes noninfectious when it dries out or is exposed to sunlight. Because brain tissue is required for this test, it can only be performed on animals that have died or been humanely killed. The Board of Commissioners furthermore In Michigan, dogs and ferrets must be vaccinated for rabies. <>/Metadata 993 0 R/ViewerPreferences 994 0 R>> •Within 96 hours of exposure: Rabies vaccine booster, and strict quarantine for 4 months for dogs and cats, 6 months for ferrets and livestock. 1. Rabies is a deadly disease caused by a virus that attacks the central nervous system. – The Michigan Department of Agriculture’s (MDA) State Veterinarian Dr. Steven Halstead today urged Michigan citizens to be pro-active and have their pets and livestock vaccinated against rabies and other diseases after confirmation that a horse in Lapeer County tested positive for rabies. Like dogs and small children, cats who are let outdoors without supervision are vulnerable to the dangers of cars, other animals, cruel people, and diseases. ... Vaccination of dogs, cats, and ferrets is required by law. Many wild and exotic species make poor pets. The Rabies Exposure Assessment Tree can be used as a guide for suspected rabies exposure in dogs, cats and ferrets. Michigan law requires that dogs and ferrets be vaccinated for rabies; and it's advised for cats. For example, anyone bringing a dog or cat into Ohio must show proof of rabies vaccinations. How is rabies diagnosed in an animal or a person? An animal control officer or a law enforcement officer of the state shall issue a citation, summons or appearance ticket for a violation of this act. What animals can get rabies? It is most commonly transmitted when a rabid animal bites another animal or person. Some states, such as New Jersey, mandate rabies vaccinations for dogs but not for cats. <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> In cats, rabies is most often transmitted through a bite from an infected animal, but it can also be passed on when the saliva of an infected animal enters the cat's body through mucous membranes or an open, fresh wound. For clients whose animal has up-to-date rabies vaccinations Dogs, Cats, and Ferrets. Testing of animals that have potentially exposed people is available 7 days a week, and must be arranged through your local health department. Do not approach, handle, feed, or unintentionally attract wild animals with food, open garbage cans or litter. %���� Who is at risk for exposure to rabies virus? You may also need to receive a tetanus booster if you have not been immunized in more than 10 years. The early symptoms of rabies in people are not specific to rabies and may include fever, headache, general weakness, and discomfort that may include prickling or an itching sensation at the site of a bite. The first symptoms of rabies in animals are not specific to rabies and may include fever, lethargy, vomiting and lack of appetite. (Cats and dogs only) Consult the Michigan Department of Revaccinate immediately, and 2. Required by law for all cats 12 weeks old and older. How much is a rabies shot human? endobj Any mammal is susceptible to rabies. x��ْ��}���(�v9 d�J�vlW�Z{7�'�s�3Ҭ��L����Lw��Dp�}�j���h4�x�f����;�O�x��勛b��z�i����O��Ň��v��n׫����>��ȗ����޾�}9?� �e,�/�O��ަ8?����:? In Michigan, the most common wildlife species to contract rabies are bats, accounting for 67% to 100% of the rabies cases in the state during the period 1990 to 2006. "Love your own, leave other animals alone" is a good principle for children to learn. Nonbite exposures rarely cause rabies, but such exposures should be evaluated to determine if rabies treatment is necessary to prevent rabies infection. Michigan law requires that dogs and ferrets be vaccinated for rabies; and it's advised for cats. Have owner observe for 45 days Test bat or other wild animal. When misguided residents buy into rabies hysteria with no supporting facts, animal control rounds up community cat colonies to alleviate concerns. Minnesota, Kansas, and Ohio have no state law requiring pets to be vaccinated for rabies. (Read more), To prevent rabies in a person that has potentially been exposed to rabies, a series of injections must be initiated and completed. Vaccination is important for keeping your pet from getting rabies, but it also provides a barrier of protection for you if a wild animal bites your pet. A Republican lawmaker, who also is a veterinarian, has introduced a bill that would require cats to be vaccinated against the disease. Rabies vaccination is required by law in most states and provinces. Rabies Confirmed In Michigan Cat: What To Know - Birmingham, MI - In 2019, rabies has been verified in four bats, eleven skunks, and one cat in Oakland County. Information was gathered by Kris Christine, Co-Founder of the Rabies Challenge Fund Charitable Trust Every US state has a 3-year revaccination protocol after the second vaccine is given -- BUT a few county and city laws may differ. Rabies is a highly contagious viral disease that is virtually always fatal in pets, and highly lethal among humans. Tightly cap garbage cans. No rabies vaccine is licensed for use in these species. 2 0 obj In addition to those Ohio rabies laws, Ohio mandates rabies vaccinations of pets in certain circumstances. 4 0 obj State law requires rabies vaccinations (shots) for all cats… Contact such as petting or handling an animal, or contact with other body fluids such as blood, urine or feces is not a risk for rabies exposure. Dogs, cats, and ferrets that are currently vaccinated with a USDA-licensed rabies vaccine should be revaccinated immediately, kept under the owner’s control, and observed for 45 days. The State of Michigan has put in place a Protocol for the tracking and prevention of Rabies. Seek medical attention if bitten or scratched by a stray or wild animal. Before 1960, rabies was a persistent problem among domestic animals, such as dogs, cats, and ferrets. For Dogs: Core vaccines for dogs: Rabies: In Michigan, the rabies vaccination is legally required for all dogs over 4 months of age. 1. 2 New Rabies Cases Confirmed In Michigan ... and stray cats and dogs to protect against rabies. And, if a dog bites someone and is quarantined, Ohio law requires that it must be currently vaccinated against rabies before being released. (Read more). Most states specify this is for dogs and cats, but a few states, such as Washington and Vermont, also … No person in the United States has ever contracted rabies from … Credit: Getty Images/iStockphoto And the risk of rabies is real if you were bitten by a feral cat, stray dog, or a wild animal. 3 0 obj Rabies 3 year - $20. If testing can be performed within a day or two of exposure, it may save a patient from unnecessary medical treatment and the associated financial burden, if the animal is not rabid. Dogs and cats in Michigan are required by law to have their rabies vaccinations. Rabies: vaccinations are recommended for cats 4 months or older. Oregon law requires all dogs to be vaccinated against rabies as early as three months of age. The likelihood of rabies in a domestic animal varies by region; hence, the need for postexposure prophylaxis also varies. endobj (1)shall, in the case of a cat or dog, release it to the owner or person charged with its care, provided the owner or person charged with the care of the animal provides proof of ownership, which may include a valid cat or dog license, registration, rabies inoculation certificate, or documentation from the owner's veterinarian that the cat or dog has received regular care from that veterinarian; Required by law for all cats 12 weeks old and older. Rabies vaccines are very effective and are usually given to kittens at three to four months of age. All animals must be on leashes or in carriers. The contamination of open wounds, abrasions, or mucous membranes are nonbite exposures. FVRCP Vaccination - $10 Rabies is a growing threat to cats and kittens. In animals, rabies is diagnosed by looking for the virus in brain tissue using the direct fluorescent antibody (DFA) test. No single test is sufficient. There is no post-exposure treatment available for animals. <> Rabies can be prevented in pets and livestock through vaccination. Keep vaccinations up-to-date for all dogs, cats, ferrets, horses, cattle, and sheep. There have been fewer than 10 reports of human survival from rabies disease, and only two of those had no previous treatment for rabies. Hawaii's Rabies Quarantine Law Hawaii is the only state in the US that is rabies-free. 1 0 obj In Michigan, rabies most commonly occurs in bats, therefore, prevent bats from entering living quarters or occupied spaces in homes, churches, schools, or other similar settings where they might come in contact with people and pets. Core vaccines for cats: Rabies – considered a core vaccine when required by law or wherever rabies is present; Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (FVR) – herpes virus; Feline Panleukopenia (FP) – feline distemper; Feline Calicivirus (FCV) Noncore vaccines are given to certain cats based on factors such as lifestyle, environment and general health. Where can I find more information about rabies? Local animal control and law enforcement officials are responsible for enforcement of laws related to animal bites. Seek medical attention for any bite wound so that proper treatment can be initiated. Rabies is spread when the virus is introduced into a bite wound, open cuts in skin, or onto mucous membranes such as the eyes, nose, or mouth. Rather, standard guidelines recommend giving the pet a rabies vaccine (booster) and having the animal observed by their owner for a period of 45 days. Since 1995 in the United States, more than 7,000 animals per year--most of them wild--have been diagnosed as having the Sadly, rabies concerns are often brought up when a community is deciding on policies for cats, which often lead to the senseless deaths of countless healthy animals. Michigan law requires that dogs and ferrets must be vaccinated for rabies and it is recommended that all cats and any domestic livestock in contact with the public be vaccinated if a licensed vaccine exists. Rabies vaccine clinic Allegan County Animal Shelter is hosting a low-cost rabies vaccine and microchip clinic from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. Saturday, May 22, for dogs and cats. Rabies disease can be prevented however, with prompt treatment following possible exposure to the virus. Though state law keeps dog owners on a relatively short leash, most Michigan cat owners have few legal obligations that they are required to meet. Dog and Cat Vaccinations. Rabies is a fatal disease that is transmissible to any warm-blooded animal, including humans. Keep your pets under direct supervision so they do not come in contact with wild animals that may be carrying rabies. {����������� �2hrOp���t@�(��-t�]�_���/�g�μ�?�Oߟ�} ��t~6�� ��"��8�i)��?��.z��v�ۭ��9��z�;��1�ďa4IBc�� Call your local animal control agency to remove any stray animals from your neighborhood. People:  Avoid contact with unfamiliar animals, Animal Rabies Testing by County in Michigan: Present, Rabies Positive Animals in Michigan: 2021, Terrestrial Rabies In Michigan:  2003-present, Rabies Positive Animals in Michigan: 2020, Data and statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC Vital Signs: Rabies: Greatest Risk From Wildlife, Especially Bats, CDC MMWR: Vital Signs: Trends in Human Rabies Deaths and Exposures -- United States, 1938-2018, Poster: Rabies PEP Guidance for Healthcare Providers and Facilities, Michigan Rabies Assessment Flowchart:  When a Person has been Exposed, Michigan Rabies Assessment Flowchart:  When Animals have Bitten People or been Exposed, Michigan Rabies Assessment Flowchart:  Zoo or Exotic Animal Bites, Compendium of Animal Rabies Prevention and Control, 2016, ACIP Human Rabies Prevention—United States, 2008, ACIP Use of a Reduced (4-Dose) Vaccine Schedule for Postexposure Prophylaxis to Prevent Human Rabies, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Rabies Website, Communicable Disease Division Publication Order Form (Order rabies flowcharts, refrigerator magnets, brochures, or stickers free of charge for Michigan local health departments, healthcare providers, social service agencies, and others). In humans, a number of tests are required to diagnose rabies before death has occurred. Residents from any community may bring their dogs or cats to this clinic. 2. What Pet Owners Need to Know About Rabies Vaccinations in New York State (Effective November 20, 2002, this information sheet must be provided by pet dealers to consumers upon point of sale of cats, d ogs, and ferrets.) It is illegal to keep wild animals as pets, and wild animals may not be kept except by persons who possess Wildlife Rehabilitation permits. the Michigan Compiled Laws as amended,), and Act 368 of the Public Acts of 1978, being Section 333.1101333.25211 of the Michigan Compiled La- ws, and Act 207 of the Public Acts of 1970, as amended, being 287.291 of the Michigan Compiled Laws- , constitute State Law for the regulation for dogs. Laws regarding rabies vaccination of animals are not consistent throughout the United States. Skunks and red foxes are the next most likely species to contract rabies and there have been 3 cases of the bat-strain rabies in raccoons (1986, 1989, and 1997). They can cause serious injury, such as nerve or tendon damage, and the can lead to local and even systemic infections. stream The owner of every dog, cat, and ferret shall have the animal revaccinated 12 months after the initial vaccination. What are the signs of rabies in an animal? Video: What happens when a human gets rabies? BIRMINGHAM, MI - Oakland County health officials are urging pet owners to make sure their cats and dogs have up-to-date rabies vaccinations after a … Please check with your local Animal Control for more information. State law allows the use of 1-year and 3-year vaccines according to approved label directions. Many cats are also immunized against feline leukemia virus. Rabies is a fatal virus that attacks the central nervous system. Cats, dogs and ferrets If you were bitten by a cat, dog, or ferret that appeared healthy at the time you were bitten, it can be confined by its owner for 10 days and observed. In addition, Multnomah County requires all cats to be vaccinated for rabies. Bites by some animals, such as a bat, can be minor and difficult to detect. 2. Rabies vaccine clinic Allegan County Animal Shelter is hosting a low-cost rabies vaccine and microchip clinic from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. Saturday, May 22, for dogs and cats. The Oakland County Health Department confirmed that a cat in Birmingham was diagnosed with the rabies … (19-20A-6). Rabies is a fatal disease that is transmitted through the saliva and affects the nervous system. What are the signs of rabies in a person? (19-20A-6). State law does not require cats to have the rabies vaccinations, but municipalities generally include cats along with dogs in their rabies regulations and also require a certification saying the pet has been vaccinated when registering a pet with the municipality and receiving a license for the animal. Available when owners show proof of a previous rabies vaccination. State law requires rabies vaccinations (shots) for all cats… Rabies vaccine is also recommended for all cats and any domestic livestock in contact with the public should be vaccinated if a licensed vaccine exists. What Pet Owners Need to Know About Rabies Vaccinations in New York State (Effective November 20, 2002, this information sheet must be provided by pet dealers to consumers upon point of sale of cats, d ogs, and ferrets.) In cats, they are panleukopenia, calicivirus, rhinotracheitis (herpesvirus), and rabies as required by law. 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