General Albert Sidney Johnston also used this trail during 1857-58 for dispatching various detachments and the supplies for over 5,000 soldiers with which he had been ordered to subjugate the Mormons, who had defied the authority of the National Government. From the Missouri River, Mormon companies followed the broad, flat valleys of the Loupe and Platte rivers for some six hundred miles to present-day Casper, Wyoming, then the Sweetwater River for about ninety-three miles to South Pass, thence along branches of the Sandy River and Blacks Fork to Fort Bridger, finally zigzagging through a series of canyons into the valley of the Great Salt Lake. Their service helped provide funds that enabled many of their fellow Saints to gather to Zion. The journey called for strength and courage, as well as faith. The last eviction was at Nauvoo, IL in 1846. The Nebraska Mormon Trail Association is eyeing a historical trail site near Alda as a possible spot for a special marker. Between 1848 and 1868, LDS immigrants traveling west from the Missouri River developed or utilized at least a dozen other points of departure and followed many other trails, such as the Oxbow Trail (1849-1864), the Mormon Grove Trail (1855-1856), and the Nebraska City Cutoff (1864-1866). Latter-day Saint volunteers in the Mormon Battalion sent their army pay back to Winter Quarters to help their families. The Mormon Trail was used for twenty-three years, from 1846 to 1869. This part of the trail was used extensively from 1847 until completion of the transcontinental railroad in 1869. The completion of the Union Pacific Railroad in 1869 ended extensive use of the trail as the railroad tracks followed essentially this same route. Step one involved research on the location of the Trail, associated sites and the historic land use near the Trail between 1846 and 1868. Like the approximately 55,000 British and 25,000 Scandinavian converts, many Pacific Saints traveled by sail, trail, and rail across ocean, mountain, and desert to reach Zion. In 1827, 21-year-old Joseph Smith announced that he had unearthed a set of golden plates, inscribed with the tenants of God’s true church. To reach Utah, some took a southern route across Death Valley; others went north to Sutter’s Fort and followed the California Trail eastward. Most arrived in September or early October. Yet their dramatic stories of faith and perseverance have become emblematic of the pioneer spirit. The trail divides into two unequal sections: The Oregon Trail was the Interstate of the 1800s. About 2,100 pioneers in 13 wagon companies journeyed to the Salt Lake Valley in 1847. Hundreds of Mormon pioneers were buried along the trail, most in unmarked graves. Although the trail was not blazed by the Latter-day Saints, and parts of it have at times been known as the Council Bluffs Road, the Omaha Road, the Great Platte River Road, or even the North Branch of the Oregon Trail, the entire route is today almost universally known as "The Mormon Trail" because the Latter-day Saints used it for twenty-three years in such large numbers (at least seventy thousand; no one knows just how many), because of the high drama of their "Exodus," and because they developed separate strands or trails and wove them into their great road (see Immigration and Emigration). After that, the combined steam power of ocean liners and rail locomotives made it possible for European Saints to travel from their homelands to the Rocky Mountains in just over three weeks and for a fraction of the cost. About 700 Saints remained in Nauvoo, many of them ill and without means to travel. Trail Preservation and Marking In 1930, the historic value of the trail was officially recognized. The initial movement of the Mormons from Nauvoo, Illinois to the Valley of the Great Salt Lake occurred in two segments: one in 1846 and one in 1847. Handcart companies provided determined Saints with an alternative, economical way to reach Zion. They established a gathering camp across the river called the Winter Quarters. The “Last Crossing” of the North Platte took place near Casper. The Mormon … Oregon Trail - Oregon Trail - Missionaries, Mormons, and others: The first missionary group to the West left Independence in 1834. Explore the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail across five states to see the 1,300-mile route traveled by Mormons who fled Nauvoo, Illinois, to … The pioneers mostly traveled the Mormon trail by foot as they pushed handcarts or drove wagons pulled by a team of oxen to carry their meager possessions. The next step involved defining roads to be inventoried and the actual field survey. The Mormon Trail or the Mormon Pioneer Trail is the 1,300 mile route that members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints traveled from 1846 to 1868. After 1847, Kanesville (present-day Council Bluffs) became the local headquarters for almost 90 Mormon settlements in the area. A three-step approach was used to do the study of the Mormon Trail. MORMON TRAIL WAGON TRAIN - 150 YEARS: Last Applicant/Owner: Heritage Gateways Ltd. 1156 South Foothill Drive Suite 132 Salt Lake City, UT 84108 : Serial Number: 75227414: Filing Date: January 17, 1997: Registration Number: 2138062: Registration Date: February 17, 1998: Status: Cancelled - Section 8: Status Date: November 20, 2004 The Mormon Trail … Each name identified with a death on the trail was then researched in the LDS Church’s Ancestral File for additional information. They followed territorial roads and Indian trails across Iowa; various segments of the Oregon Trail from the Missouri River to Fort Bridger in present western Wyoming; and the year-old trail of the ill-fated California-bound Reed-Donner party from Fort Bridger into the valley of the Great Salt Lake. The famous Oregon, Mormon, and California trails all passed through the Platte River Valley. The organization of Mormon wagon trains 9. Today this part of the Mormon Trail is difficult to follow, not because of the terrain but because modern roads seldom parallel it and because the plow has destroyed most vestiges of it. This page was last modified on 29 March 2008, at 05:19. When that happened, they made their way across Iowa to a place near present day Council Bluffs. The Mormons followed existing trails and used maps and accounts from previous explorers to plan their route west. Learn about the Mormon Trail at the California Trail Interpretive Center. In Nebraska, as in Iowa, there is little left today of the Mormon Trail, but modern roads do parallel the old trail closely. When available, this information was used to get a full name, sex, age, death date, place of death, sources of the information in the Ancestral File, and additional notes. The Mormon Trail was a 1,300 mile path from Nauvoo, Illinois, to Salt Lake City Utah, used between 1846 and 1857 by members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons). Between 1856 and 1860, ten companies comprising 2,962 Mormons used this successful mode of transportation. Strengthened by this revelation, Brigham Young’s vanguard company set out in April and arrived at the Great Salt Lake Valley in July. The Mormon Trail is 1,032 miles from Winter Quarters (near Florence Nebraska) to Salt Lake City, Utah. They arrived at the Missouri River in May, too late to continue farther west. Furthermore, with the Union Pacific Railroad moving west from Omaha beginning in 1865, during 1867-1868 Latter-day Saints took trains from Omaha to four different railheads (North Platte, Nebraska; Julesburg, Colorado; and Laramie and Benton, Wyoming), from which they eventually picked up the Mormon Trail. The approximately 1,300-mile-long trail from Nauvoo, Illinois, to Salt Lake City, Utah, was certified by the National Trails Act of 1986 as a National Historic Trail-officially The Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail. The Mormon Trail was a two-way road 7. The Mormon migration was a movement of a community. 6. The Mormons traversing this trail route generally used wagons as a means to transport their essential goods and other needs. Trailforks scans ridelogs to determine which trails are ridden the most in the last 9 months. Topographically, the trail led across the central lowlands and high plains of eastern and central Nebraska, then the upland trough of western Nebraska and eastern Wyoming, through the Wyoming basin and the middle Rocky Mountains, and into the desert valleys of the Great Basin.
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