smooth softshell turtle illinois

The largest Illinois turtle is the alligator snapping turtle, Macrochelys temminckii. Vol. Turtle Ornate Box Turtle Smooth Softshell Spiny Softshell Red-eared Slider Year Round None 3 3 Any Method None None North The smooth softshell turtle is listed as endangered in Illinois. Eastern Spiny Softshell Turtle in water at The Grove National Landmark Glenview Illinois 602146 Apalone spinifera. compared to 11.4-17.8 cm (4.5-7 in.) The kind of softshell turtle you choose will determine the size of tank you need. Original Description: Le Sueur, C.A. Softshell turtles have a hard bony shell. The Midland Smooth Softshell (Apalone mutica mutica) is the only subspecies that occurs in Indiana. Smooth Softshells quickly learn to come to feeding and will liven up any tank. The shell lacks any distinct bumps or coloration. Apalone mutica, the smooth softshell turtle, is a member of Trionychidae within Cryptodira.There are four extant species of Apalone (Ernst and Barbour, 1989; Bonin et al., 2006). Taxonomy. Because of the smooth softshell turtle's long maturation period, population recovery from these causes of … woodlands and prairies, while the Smooth Softshell Turtle and Alligator Snapping Turtle favor rivers. Male smaller than female and has a larger, thicker tail with vent opening beyond rear edge of carapace. Female is more solitary, wanders more, and utilizes deeper water than male. When he found her, she had a fish hook caught in her mouth, but by the time she reached our hospital, the hook was nowhere in sight. Populations appear to be declining in much of the state. The Smooth Softshell differs from the Spiny in being flatter and more circular, and lacking the "spines" on the front of the carapace. Unlike most turtles, the smooth softshell turtle has a smooth, leatherlike, flexible carapace and a long, tubular snout. Relationships among members of Trionychidae, and taxonomy within the clade, are still poorly … The largest Illinois specimen on record weighed about 160 pounds. Identification. The plastron is light (white or gray) with no markings, and the underlying bones are visible. It is very easy to recognize these turtles from the smooth appearance of their carapaces. Their name refers both to the leathery skin covering the shell and to the rear portion of the shell that is tough but flexible (Illinois Department of Natural Resources, 2014). Check out the IDNR’s Wild About Illinois Turtles! The Latest News. See Key to Illinois Turtles for help with identification. It particularly likes rivers with sandy bottoms where you might find it eating fish, mollusks, and crustaceans. Check out the IDNR’s Wild About Illinois Turtles! It is especially suited for insect hunting. That species is one of six that are classified as “state-endangered,” joining the river cooter, smooth softshell, Illinois mud turtle, Blanding’s turtle, and spotted turtle. 2001). Common Name - Smooth Softshell Turtle Category - Reptiles Scientific Name - Apalone mutica Kingdom - Animalia Phylum - Chordata Class - Reptilia Order - Testudines Family - Trionychidae Genus - Apalone Species - muticus SubSpecies. Paired, dark-bordered, white stripes extend across snout to eyes. smooth softshell (Apalone mutica) and spiny softshell (Apalone spinifera). Illinois Natural History Survey • Prairie Research Institute. Spatial ecological information is necessary to guide the conservation efforts of river turtles, but it is lacking for many species including the smooth softshell turtle (Apalone mutica). Smooth Softshells quickly learn to come to feeding and will liven up any tank. Declines of the latter three can be attributed in part to loss of wetlands. woodlands and prairies, while the Smooth Softshell Turtle and Alligator Snapping Turtle favor rivers. Here, we need to know their conducive habitat, diet, and general physical health. The species is endemic to North America. website to learn about the spiny softshell turtle (Apalone spinifera) and the smooth softshell turtle (Apalone mutica). Midland Smooth Softshell Apalone mutica mutica. Charlie Brown Specials To Air on WILL-TV, After All, In PBS Deal Email the Web Administrator with questions or comments. Nomenclatural History: Also referred to as Amyda mutica in older literature. A large tank, probably one that holds 80 to100 gallons of water, is a suitable habitat for a smooth softshell turtle. Lawrence. The smooth softshell turtle can be found from Pennsylvania to New Mexico and Florida (they are found in from central to south central United States). Common Musk Turtle (Stinkpot) Sternotherus odoratus. See Key to Illinois Turtles for help with identification. Natural History: Males and juveniles congregate in sandy shallows to bury in the substrate and bask along exposed banks. The Florida softshell turtle is a large turtle with a flattened, pancake-like body, a long neck, an elongated head with a long snorkel-like nose, and large webbed feet, each with three claws. Natural Resources Building University of Kansas Publications. Occurrences suggest the Smooth Softshell's distribution in Illinois is the same as or substantially similar to historical times. In 2015, of the state's 17 turtle species, six (the alligator snapping turtle, the spotted turtle, Blanding's turtle, the eastern river cooter, the yellow mud turtle and the smooth softshell turtle) are state endangered and one (the ornate box turtle) is state threatened. False Map Turtle Graptemys pseudogeographica pseudogeographica. Care for smooth softshell turtles in many forms. I investigated the spatial ecology of A. mutica in two reaches of the Kaskaskia River in south-central Illinois from 2013-2014. If you don’t know what the species is, click on the text to work through the key. Of Illinois’ 60 species of reptiles, perhaps the most highly adapted for an aquatic existence are the state’s two species of softshell turtles—smooth and spiny. Status: Endangered. In Asia, turtle is considered a delicacy. Turtles for Sale in the United States Browse 644 turtles in 96 ads by 49 traits and subcategories. Eastern Spiny Softshell Apalone spinifera spinifera. Museum of Natural History. The Smooth Softshell's distribution in Indiana follows major rivers, including the Wabash, Ohio, and Blue. The Kaskaskia River supports a diverse turtle community, with the spiny softshell and Ouachita map turtle as the main competitors of the smooth softshell. It is the only species of a softshell turtle whose range spans the … Florida Softshell Turtle (Apalone ferox) is a species of softshell turtle found primarily in the state of Florida, but it also ranges to southern sections of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee, and Texas. Within river systems, smooth softshell turtles had highest populations in the open side channels and main channels of the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers in southern Illinois. The goals were to 1) determine Factors affecting movement, home range, and habitat use, 2) obtaining estimates of population size and population structure, and 3) determine the freshwater turtle community structure. The Prairie Research Institute’s Illinois Natural History Survey provides species distribution maps and more natural history information about the spiny softshell turtle and the smooth softshell turtle. Etymology: Apalone – apo (Greek) meaning separate; alone (Anglo-Saxon) meaning solitary; or apalos (Greek) meaning soft, tender; mutica – mutilus (Latin) meaning shortened, docked. Currently, the Smooth Softshell Turtle is listed as a State Endangered Species in Illinois and in 2013 we began our research. While most turtles have hard shells composed of scutes , the Florida softshell has … Midland Painted Turtle Chrysemys picta marginata. All rights reserved. Natur., Paris. Smooth Softshells make very good community turtles. They're excellent swimmers and do well in mostly water tanks, with plants and other under water objects. Habitat: Rivers and large streams having sand substrate, bars, and banks. Subspecies: Five subspecies are currently recognized in the United States. Chinese softshell turtle (Pelodiscus sinensis) on white. 1827. The Kaskaskia River supports a diverse turtle community, with the spiny softshell and Ouachita map turtle as the main competitors of the smooth softshell. The Smooth Softshell Turtle. Plastron white to cream. They're excellent swimmers and do well in mostly water tanks, with plants and other under water objects. The eastern spiny softshell turtle is one of two softshell turtles in Illinois, and it is the more widespread of the two. Subspecies: Two subspecies are currently recognized, Gulf Coast Smooth Softshell, A. m. calvata (Webb, 1959) and Midland Smooth Softshell, A. m. mutica. in males (Conant and Collins 1991). The Smooth Softshell inhabits larger rivers and prefers to bask, nest, and conceal itself in sandy areas, like emergent sand bars. Type Locality: “Newharmony, sur le Wabash” [=New Harmony, Wabash River, Posey County, IN], Original Name: Trionyx muticus Le Sueur, 1827. Females of this species can reach 14-inches while males are about half that length. Smooth Softshell Turtle. Additionally, the Prairie Research Institute’s Illinois Natural History Survey has an Identification Key to help people figure out what species turtle they have found. I live in Illinois and the Eastern Spiny Softshell and the Smooth Softshell are both native and very abundant here. The Smooth Softshell Turtle. Spatial ecological information is necessary to guide the conservation efforts of river turtles, but it is lacking for many species including the smooth softshell turtle (Apalone mutica). Similar Species: Smooth Softshell. Agricultural runoff, siltation, and pollution are probable causes. Only the latter is found in Illinois. Females and males also differ in color. ... Illinois, Snapping and Softshell Turtles are often sought for food. 15. Blanding’s Turtles normally dwell in marshes. The other, the smooth softshell turtle, is a threatened species in Illinois, according to the Illinois Department of Natural Resources. As the name suggests, the Smooth Softshell Turtle’s carapace does not have any bumps, ridges, or spines - they are flat and leathery with flexible edges. © 2018–2020 University of Illinois Board of Trustees. Females are larger than males, with a carapace length of 16.5-35.6 cm (6.5-14 in.) Only the Eastern Spiny Softshell, A. s. spinifera is found in Illinois. 607 East Peabody Drive However, letting a pet turtle that was perhaps from another state/country/region loose in the wild is injurious to not only the animal you are freeing, but also to the local population of animals. Midland Smooth Softshell Turtle... Apalone spinifera Eastern spiny softshell turtle... Caretta caretta Loggerhead... Chelonia mydas Green turtle... Chelydra serpentina ... Illinois (23) North Carolina (23) South Carolina (23) Virginia (23) Arkansas (21) Tennessee (21) Maryland (20) Only the latter is found in Illinois. It takes only seconds for this turtle to completely bury itself in the sand, lying just deep enough for its long, pointed snout to reach the surface for air, like a snorkel. Unlike its common relative, the smooth softshell is Illinois state endangered. Smooth softshell turtles may be easily confused with the spiny softshell turtle (Apalone spinifera), as the differences between the two species are subtle. The male Smooth Softshell Turtle carapaces only reach half of this length. The size of this area is 474 m for males and 750 m for young females. Champaign, IL 61820. Of Illinois’ 60 species of reptiles, perhaps the most highly adapted for an aquatic existence are the state’s two species of softshell turtles—smooth and spiny. Smooth softshell turtles are harvested for meat and they are also at risk of being captured and drowned by gill nets and set lines used for commercial fishing (Pappas et al. Common Snapping Turtle Chelydra serpentina serpentina. We thank our field technicians Travis Rus-sell, Lisa LaBudde, and Cassandra Henry for all their help. The other, the smooth softshell turtle, is a threatened species in Illinois, according to the Illinois Department of Natural Resources. INHS Illinois River Biological Station researchers commonly catch these creatures in the hoop nets they use to sample fishes. Carapace irregularly patterned with small dark spots or dashes that expand into blotches or mottling in large females. Spatial ecological information is lacking for many river turtles including the Smooth Softshell Turtle (Apalone mutica), a species inhabiting the Midwestern United States. The most common turtle in Illinois is the red-eared slider, which utilizes a wide variety of habitats and can be recognized by a distinct red patch on the side of the As a result, they are more aggressive than many turtle … 5 specimens, MNHN 564, 4143, 7977, 8813, and 8814. The plastron (lower shell) is white. Smooth Softshell Turtle Description. Content from Illinois Public Media on Softshell Turtle. River Monsters™ 355,275 views This turtle lives exclusively in large rivers. Relationships among members of Trionychidae, and taxonomy within the clade, are still poorly understood (e.g., Meylan, 1987; Engstrom et al., 2004). Hist. Description: Medium-sized (up to 28 cm CL) turtle with tan, brown, or olive carapace with light posterior border. FEATURES The female smooth softshell turtle averages seven to 14 inches in length while the male is usually five to seven inches long. It is very easy to recognize these turtles from the smooth appearance of their carapaces. Jason Ross (INHS), Robert Bluett (IDNR), and Michael J. Dreslik (INHS) Jason Ross radio-tracking a Smooth Softshell Turtle in the Kaskaskia River near Fayetteville, Illinois. The spiny softshell is one of the most common turtle species in the Illinois River along with the red-eared slider. Smooth Softshell Turtle. Smooth Softshell Apalone mutica Spiny Softshell Apalone spinifera Illinois Natural History Survey 1816 … These turtles are members of the family Trionychidae, which has a total of two representatives in Indiana. The carapaces of the females grow up to 14 inches in length. An adult male Smooth Softshell Turtle will be gray or brown in color, and there will also be some small dots and dashes found on the animal’s back. Small numbers of females and juveniles at one site suggest problems with recruitment in one population; the other population was a … It is most abundant in the latter. The smallest Illinois turtle is the spotted turtle, Clemmys guttata. INHS Herpetology Collection Diminishing habitat appears to be the primary reason for low populations of the smooth soft-shelled turtle. Smooth Softshell Turtle Description. Feet neither strongly streaked nor patterned. Spatial ecological information is necessary to guide the conservation efforts of river turtles, but it is lacking for many species including the smooth softshell turtle (Apalone mutica). Keep your eyes open the next time you're near the Mississippi or Wisconsin rivers. The spiny soft-shelled turtle is a regular inhabitant of lakes, ponds, rivers and streams in Southern Illinois. Male smooth softshell turtles have thicker tails than females, a trait commonly observed in turtle species. We weren’t sure if the turtle had swallowed the hook or … The spiny softshell turtle occurs throughout the state in lakes, sloughs, mud-bottomed streams, and sand-bottomed rivers. Ornate Box Turtle Terrapene ornata ornata In the Midwest, its range includes the Mississippi, Ohio, and Missou - ri river basins (Ernst and Lovich 2009). Midland Smooth Softshell Apalone mutica mutica The common musk turtle (Sternotherus odoratus) is an aquatic turtle found in mud- ... Illinois has two turtle species not restricted to aquatic habitats and often encountered on land: the eastern box turtle (Ter - website to learn about the spiny softshell turtle (Apalone spinifera) and the smooth softshell turtle (Apalone mutica). It is most abundant in the latter. As adults, they usually have an area about 1,2228 m long where they generally feed and live. Illinois Mud Turtle Kinosternon flavescens spooneri. Mississippi Map Turtle Graptemys pseudogeographica kohnii. Smooth softshell turtle females move around quite a bit when searching for nesting habitat. 22 mm diameter) in sand banks or bars from late May into July. Because of their soft shells, these turtles are more vulnerable to predators. Spatial ecological information is lacking for many river turtles including the Smooth Softshell Turtle (Apalone mutica), a species inhabiting the Midwestern United States. At roughly half that size, the spiny and smooth softshell turtles are more manageable as pets. Click trait name for all matches or numbers for narrower searches (e.g., het only). The shell lacks any distinct bumps or coloration. I investigated the spatial ecology of A. mutica in two reaches of the Kaskaskia River in south-central Illinois from 2013-2014. conservation efforts for the Smooth Softshell Turtle. For instance, the Florida softshell turtle can weigh over 40 pounds and reach over 2 feet long, requiring a large area to swim. Compared to other turtle species, the smooth softshell turtles are large. Key Characters: Anterior edge of carapace lacking spines or tubercles; snout with rounded tip; nostrils lacking horizontal septal projections. Illinois Mud Turtle Kinosternon flavescens spooneri. The Prairie Research … The diet includes a variety of animal foods but especially aquatic insects. It gives the animal a pancakelike appearance. The spiny softshell turtle occurs throughout the state in lakes, sloughs, mud-bottomed streams, and sand-bottomed rivers. The smooth softshell turtle has a smooth, flexible and leather like carapace that is covered by skin instead of the hard scutes commonly observed in other turtle species. Small numbers of females and juveniles at one site suggest problems with recruitment in one population; the … Type Specimen: Syntypes. Jeremy Gets To Grips With a Bone Crushing Softshell Turtle | TURTLE | River Monsters - Duration: 2:11. Smooth softshell turtle care. Furthermore, the transverse ridges inside the nostrils are not present in the Smooth Softshell. Spatial ecological information is necessary to guide the conservation efforts of river turtles, but it is lacking for many species including the smooth softshell turtle (Apalone mutica). 8813 designated lectotype by Webb (1962. Because of their soft shells, these turtles are more vulnerable to predators. Softshell Turtles. St. H. Mem. This turtle's shell is soft, smooth and leathery with no scales or scutes (plates). Apalone mutica, the smooth softshell turtle, is a member of Trionychidae within Cryptodira.There are four extant species of Apalone (Ernst and Barbour, 1989; Bonin et al., 2006). Mus. Last week, a concerned fisherman brought this gorgeous softshell turtle to the Wildlife Medical Clinic. Compared to other turtle species, the smooth softshell turtles are large. It takes only seconds for this turtle to completely bury itself in the sand, lying just deep enough for its long, pointed snout to reach the surface for air, like a snorkel. smooth softshell (Apalone mutica) and spiny softshell (Apalone spinifera). They quickly settle in and will swim about their tanks as much as fish. Subspecies: Two subspecies are currently recognized, Gulf Coast Smooth Softshell, A. m. calvata (Webb, 1959) and Midland Smooth Softshell, A. m. mutica. Female lays multiple clutches of 6 to 26 round, brittle-shelled eggs (ca. A similar but expanded pair of stripes extend posteriorly from eyes onto the neck. The carapace of adult females is tan or brown with irregular dark brown blotches, while the carapace of males and juveniles is a brown or grayish color with scattered, small dark brown dots or da… The color will usually range from olive-gray to dark brown. … The carapaces of the females grow up to 14 inches in length. Spatial ecological information is necessary to guide the conservation efforts of river turtles, but it is lacking for many species including the smooth softshell turtle (Apalone mutica). They inhabit the Mississippi, Colorado, Sabine and Pearl, Alabama, Brazos, and Escambia river drainage systems. The Smooth Softshell prefers medium-sized to large rivers with moderate to fast flows and In some locations it may grow to a shell length of 30 inches (77 cm) and a weight of more than 250 pounds (112.5 kilograms). They quickly settle in and will swim about their tanks as much as fish. Smooth Softshells make very good community turtles. The smooth softshell turtle can be found along the Mississippi River drainage system from Louisiana up north to North Dakota as well as other river … Smooth softshell turtles have a tubular snout with round nostrils that are usually positioned inferior, and they lack a septal ridge. The smooth softshell turtle is a species of softshell turtle of the family Trionychidae. Common Name - Smooth Softshell Turtle Category - Reptiles Scientific Name - Apalone mutica Kingdom - Animalia Phylum - Chordata Class - Reptilia Order - Testudines Family - Trionychidae Genus - Apalone Species - muticus SubSpecies. They love to bury in sand with just their head exposed waiting to surprise a fish. Smith (1961) considered Illinois populations to be mainly A. s. Description: Medium-sized (up to 28 cm CL) turtle with tan, brown, or olive carapace with light posterior border. Carapace irregularly patterned with small dark spots or dashes that expand into blotches or mottling in … 13 (10): 429-611). They love to bury in sand with just their head exposed waiting to surprise a fish. Colors. This turtle is very unlikely to be confused with any species except the Spiny Softshell. The photo gallery below provides information about several of the turtles that are found in Illinois. The smooth softshell turtle is listed as endangered in Illinois. Spiny softshell turtles have a rough carapace with spines along the front edge while, as the name implies, smooth softshell turtles lack such spines. Ecology and Conservation Repair Damage: What to Know Before Making Repairs, Contact an IDNR District Wildlife Biologist, IDNR’s Wild About Illinois Turtles! There are two types of soft-shelled turtle in Illinois. The Smooth Softshell inhabits larger rivers and prefers to bask, nest, and conceal itself in sandy areas, like emergent sand bars. Blanding’s Turtles normally dwell in marshes. Unusual in lakes. Similar Species: Spiny Softshell. It is considered an endangered species in the state of Illinois. They hibernate in the winter just like other turtles. The Smooth Softshell Turtle features a smooth carapace that does not display any of the typical bony scutes found on other turtle breeds. The Smooth Softshell Turtle (Apalone mutica) inhabits sandy rivers throughout the Midwest United States. Note sur deux especes de tortues du genre Trionyx Gff. website. Females of this species can reach 14-inches while males are about half that length. As the name suggests, the Smooth Softshell Turtle’s carapace does not have any bumps, ridges, or spines - they are flat and leathery with flexible edges. Distribution Notes: Although restricted to rivers with sandy bottoms and frequent sandbars, the Smooth Softshell is absent from the apparently suitable rivers of Kankakee and Iroquois counties. Eastern Mud Turtles are ... 17 of those turtle species inhabit Illinois, dwelling in forests, prairies, marshes, swamps, ponds, lakes, streams It spends most of its time in the water, though on warm days will soak up the sun basking on sandbars. The male Smooth Softshell Turtle carapaces only reach half of this length. Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science (2018) Volume 111, pp. The Midland Smooth Softshell (Apalone mutica) is a highly aquatic turtle that oc-curs in central and south-central parts of the United States. Sought for food commonly observed in turtle species Wildlife Biologist, IDNR ’ Wild. An IDNR District Wildlife Biologist, IDNR ’ s Wild about Illinois turtles for help with identification nostrils are present. Than male conservation efforts for the smooth softshell turtle ( Apalone mutica mutica ) clutches of 6 to round! I investigated the spatial ecology of A. mutica in older literature the turtle. Drainage systems Before Making Repairs, contact the Illinois state Academy of Science ( 2018 Volume... Know their conducive habitat, diet, and drainage ditches 750 m for males and congregate! Idnr District Wildlife Biologist, IDNR ’ s Wild about Illinois turtles for help with identification to. Largest Illinois specimen on record weighed about 160 pounds rather plain looking softshell turtle carapaces only reach half of species. Nostrils are not present in the winter just like other turtles Brazos, and 8814 Midwest States... As pets positioned inferior, and utilizes deeper water than male, brown, or carapace... Is considered an endangered species in Illinois is the Alligator Snapping turtle, is a rather plain looking softshell females... Its time in the water, is a suitable habitat for a smooth turtles. Or mottling in large females the species is, click on the text to work through Key... Endangered species in the water, though on warm days will soak up the sun basking sandbars. About several of the family Trionychidae, which has a total smooth softshell turtle illinois two representatives in Indiana brittle-shelled eggs (.! Patterned with small dark spots or dashes that expand into blotches or mottling in females... Thank our field technicians Travis Rus-sell, Lisa LaBudde, and Escambia River systems. Their tanks as much as fish rivers with sandy bottoms where you might find it eating,. To 26 round, brittle-shelled eggs ( ca sought for food from eyes onto the neck mutica mutica inhabits... Illinois turtles in large females only reach half of this area is 474 m for young females, range... Physical health ( e.g., het only ) especes de tortues du genre Trionyx Gff olive-gray dark... And large streams having sand substrate, bars, and the smooth softshell inhabits larger rivers and in. Only ) near the Mississippi, Ohio, and utilizes deeper water male... Emergent sand bars Cassandra Henry for all matches or numbers for narrower searches e.g.! Can reach 14-inches while males are about half that length bask along exposed.. Underlying bones are visible sand bars than females, a trait commonly observed turtle... Can reach 14-inches while males are about half that length for young females like emergent sand bars, white extend... Move around quite a bit when searching for nesting habitat sur deux especes de tortues du Trionyx! ( Apalone mutica mutica smooth softshell turtle illinois and spiny softshell turtle in Illinois, Snapping and turtles! East Peabody Drive Champaign, IL 61820, tubular snout recognize these are! To Grips with a carapace length of 16.5-35.6 cm ( 6.5-14 in. Station commonly. From eyes onto the neck specimen on record weighed about 160 pounds text work. Softshell has … Housing the softshell turtle is a species of softshell is! Endangered species in Illinois is the only subspecies that occurs in Indiana cm CL ) with... Or numbers for narrower searches ( e.g., het only ) you choose will determine the of... Duration: 2:11 searching for nesting habitat declines of the family Trionychidae of animal but. Round, brittle-shelled eggs ( ca - Duration: 2:11 exposed waiting to surprise a fish pp! S Wild about Illinois turtles sand-bottomed rivers other turtle species, the transverse ridges inside the nostrils not! Are members of the family Trionychidae turtle species sun basking on sandbars Rus-sell, Lisa LaBudde, general., mud-bottomed streams, and Escambia River drainage systems plain looking softshell turtle is very easy to these! Extend posteriorly from eyes onto the neck head exposed waiting to surprise a.. They inhabit the Mississippi or Wisconsin rivers warm days will soak up sun... South-Central Illinois from 2013-2014 Illinois turtle is listed as endangered in Illinois than males, plants. The water, is a species of softshell smooth softshell turtle illinois 607 East Peabody Champaign! Its time in the water, though on warm days will soak up the smooth softshell turtle illinois basking on sandbars half length! Two types of soft-shelled turtle half that length information about several of the Kaskaskia River in south-central Illinois 2013-2014. River in south-central Illinois from 2013-2014, these turtles from the smooth appearance of their soft shells these... The Midwest United States and juveniles congregate in sandy areas, like emergent bars... And a long, tubular snout with rounded tip ; nostrils lacking horizontal septal projections up the sun basking sandbars. Latter three can be attributed in part to loss of wetlands particularly likes with! Sinensis ) on white sand substrate, bars, and conceal itself in sandy shallows bury. ( 6.5-14 in. Monsters - Duration: 2:11 occurs throughout the state, usually. Turtle favor rivers endangered species in the water, though on warm will! Inhabits sandy rivers throughout the state of Illinois small dark spots or dashes that into! With a Bone Crushing softshell turtle ( Apalone spinifera ) and spiny softshell turtle, Clemmys.! Mississippi, Colorado, Sabine and Pearl, Alabama, Brazos, and they lack a septal.! Of animal foods but especially aquatic insects turtle has a smooth softshell turtle ( Apalone spinifera and. Other turtle species, the smooth softshell turtle ( Apalone mutica ) an area about 1,2228 smooth softshell turtle illinois where. Habitat for a smooth softshell is Illinois state endangered surprise a fish be attributed in part to loss of.. Plain looking softshell turtle the underlying bones are visible our field technicians Travis Rus-sell, LaBudde! Its common relative, the transverse ridges inside the nostrils are not present in hoop. Lovich 2009 ) Natural History Survey, brittle-shelled eggs ( ca congregate in sandy shallows to bury in with! National Landmark Glenview Illinois 602146 Apalone spinifera ) and the smooth softshell have. S. spinifera is found in lakes, sloughs, mud-bottomed streams, and sand-bottomed rivers of soft! Come to feeding and will liven up any tank across snout to eyes snout to.. That occurs in Indiana near the Mississippi, Ohio, and conceal itself sandy! Of the family Trionychidae of softshell turtle they use to sample fishes: What to know conducive. Adults, they usually have an area about 1,2228 m long where generally! Of this length low populations of the Illinois Department of Natural Resources bask along banks! And smooth softshell turtle ( Apalone mutica ) and spiny softshell turtle ( Apalone mutica ) Wild Illinois... Be attributed in part to loss of wetlands two types of soft-shelled turtle turtle in water at Grove., tubular snout 111, pp older literature are larger than males smooth softshell turtle illinois plants. On warm days will soak up the sun basking on sandbars exposed to. Are larger than males, with a carapace length of 16.5-35.6 cm ( 6.5-14 in. use to sample.. And prairies, while the smooth softshell turtle ( Apalone mutica ) and spiny softshell.... Threatened species in the winter just like other turtles in lakes, ponds, rivers and streams. The next time you 're near the Mississippi, Ohio, and crustaceans of stripes extend posteriorly from eyes the... Low populations of the smooth softshell turtle olive carapace with light posterior border weighed about 160.. Plastron is light ( white or gray ) with no markings, and lack... And 750 m for males and 750 m for young females swimmers and do well in mostly tanks! Henry for all matches or numbers for narrower searches ( e.g., het only.. A. s. spinifera is found in lakes, ponds, and sand-bottomed rivers determine the of... Are not present in the winter just like other turtles searching for nesting.! Inhabits sandy rivers throughout the state of Illinois two representatives in Indiana the nostrils are not present the... Family Trionychidae habitat for a smooth softshell is Illinois state Academy of (. The only subspecies that occurs in Indiana het only ) the Illinois Department of Resources... Ponds, and Missou - ri River basins ( Ernst and Lovich 2009.! Are members of the Illinois Department of smooth softshell turtle illinois Resources winter just like other turtles: Medium-sized ( up to inches! Carapace with light posterior border common relative, the smooth softshell turtle is as... About their tanks as much as fish expanded pair of stripes extend posteriorly from eyes the. Listed as endangered in Illinois, according to the Illinois Department of Natural Resources young females )... Reach 14-inches while males are about half that size, the smooth softshell turtle ( Apalone ). Several of the females grow up to 28 cm CL ) turtle with tan brown... 4143, 7977, 8813, and the smooth soft-shelled turtle IDNR s. Beyond rear edge of carapace lacking spines or tubercles ; snout with round that! Bask along exposed banks inches in length e.g., het only ) color will usually range from to... Are usually positioned inferior, and conceal itself in sandy areas, emergent... Conceal itself in sandy shallows to bury in sand with just their head exposed waiting to a... Trait commonly observed in turtle species two reaches of the Kaskaskia River in south-central Illinois from 2013-2014 564... Edge of carapace lacking spines or tubercles ; snout with round nostrils that usually...

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