what did madame de pompadour look like

The first was in 1727, when she was a child, and they briefly talked through her fireplace, which was a time window between the 18th century and the 51st. The Tenth Doctor met Reinette several times in her life as a result of time manipulation by the Clockwork Droids. Pompadour knew of the women who occupied the house (which was not a harem as often described but it housed one woman at a time) and accepted it as a necessity and a favorable alternative to a rival at court. Her very Rococo, very detailed and flouncy dresses were captured on canvas by several artists. In order to be presented at court, Jeanne Antoinette required a title and the king purchased the marquisate of Pompadour and gave the estate to Jeanne Antoinette, making her a Marquise. "Portrait of Madame de Pompadour" from Munich the Alte Pinakothek is one of the most famous. Madame de Pompadour seemed to like pastel shades and bows very much, both were very fashionable in this age. When Jeanne Antoinette was four, Francois Poisson had to leave the country due to unpaid debts, and Tournehem became her legal guardian, thus giving even more credence to the rumors that he was her real father. SPEAKER 2: So and I have to, before we go into this, just say that I don't really like rococo paintings, but I really like this one. The King was so enchanted by her that he reportedly commissioned the “marquise cut” diamond to be shaped after his mistress’s sensuous lips and commissioned his court jewelers to create an item set with diamonds as a present. Jeanne Antoinette came dressed as Diana the Huntress, in reference to their encounter in the forest of Senart. Less than a month later, Jeanne Antoinette became the king’s mistress and was installed at the palace in an apartment directly above his, connected by a secret staircase. It was Tournehem who initiated the match and the large financial incentives that came with it. If you’re a vintage man living in the modern world, go full rockabilly by sporting a classic men’s pompadour haircut.… Beautiful and smart Madame de Pompadour became a trendsetter. As Voltaire’s friend, Madame de Pompadour supported the development of Denis Diderot’s Encyclopedie. At the ball, Louis publicly unmasked and declared his affection for Jeanne Antoinette. Jeanne Antoinette was the daughter of Francois Poisson and his wife Madeline de la Motte. A pompadour is a hairstyle that features a high, rounded slope, and is created by combing the hair under itself to create volume. In order to be properly introduced at court, Jeanne Antoinette had to have a title. Slick Pompadour With Razored Sides. Madame de Pompadour (December 29, 1721–April 15, 1764) was a French noblewoman and one of Louis XV’s primary mistresses. She managed to convince Louis XV to lift the ban he had imposed by disagreeing with him and remarking that they could settle their argument by looking it up in the Encyclopedia. In 1740, Jeanne Antoinette married Charles Guillaume Le Normant d'Étiolles, the nephew of her guardian Tournehem. Her husband was deeply upset by her becoming the king’s mistress and refused a prestigious position as the French ambassador to Turkey offered by the king. From that point on, those closest to her began calling her “Reinette” (a diminutive, or nickname, meaning “little queen”). The primary feature of the pompadour hairstyle is a large volume of hair swept upwards from the forehead Hair in this style was an essential part of the " Gibson Girl " look in the 1890s The pompadour is a hairstyle named after Madame de Pompadour (1721–1764), a mistress of King Louis XV of France. One of the most long-lasting aspects of Pompadour’s legacy is the hairstyle which was named after her, with the hair swept upwards from the face and worn high over the forehead. For her Louis XV commissioned the Petit Trianon, which became a … She had to memorize entire plays by heart, dance, sing, paint, engrave and play the clavichord. Beautiful and smart Madame de Pompadour became a trendsetter. Funny enough, her guardian de Tourneheim was fully supportive of her new role. It was popular in the 1700s thank to Madame de Pompadour but then, as all styles do, faded away. One of the most long-lasting aspects of Pompadour’s legacy is the hairstyle which was named after her, with the hair swept upwards from the face and worn high over the forehead. He put all of his skill to the task, and invented a shade named “Rose Pompadour,” striking for its beauty. Madame de Pompadour was the alluring chief mistress of King Louis XV, but few people know her dark history—or the chilling secret shared by her and Louis. Drouais, Madame de Pompadour at her Tambour Frame, 1763-4 “It is his heart I want! When Jeanne Antoinette was a young girl, her mother took her to a fortune-teller Madame de Lebon who allegedly foretold that the girl “would one day reign over the heart of a king.”. Over the years, she attributed this event to a nightmare… Her estate was adjacent to the king’s hunting grounds in the forest of Sénart, so she was permitted to watch the royal party from a distance. She made popular the pom-poms which she wore arranged in rows across the front and top of the head. This all ended when Chateauroux, formerly known as Marie Anne de Mailly-Nesle, youngest of the five famous de Nesle sisters, four of whom became mistresses of the king, died on December 1744. Here is one style where the artist tries to focus on the top … She made popular the pom-poms which she wore arranged in rows across the front and top of the head. Rumors have it that her biological father was, in fact, the tax collector Le Normant de Tournehem who would later become her and her brother Abel Francois’s legal guardian after their father Poisson was forced to leave the country due to a scandal over unpaid debts which was a crime punishable by death at the time. The King nursed her through her illness. Unfortunately, Madame de Pompadour’s mother did not live to see this day. Sure, Madame de Pompadour was the chief mistress of an 18th-century French king, but that didn’t stop her towering hairstyle becoming beloved by blokes the world over two centuries later. The young couple were only four years apart in age, and they did fall in love with each other. After they stopped being lovers, the king met with women in a house in Versailles established just for that purpose and called Stag Park (Parc-aux-Cerfs). This, however, did nothing to weaken their bond and her influence over him. She had a lot of… Notably, she got along quite well with the queen consort, Marie Leszczyńska, and worked to have a good relationship with the royal family overall. Her activities and her common birth earned her enemies and made her the subject of malicious gossip, but her relationship with Louis and the royal family remained mostly unaffected. Now Madame d’Etiolles, Jeanne-Antoinette, started frequenting celebrated salons in Paris where she met principal figures of the Enlightenment including Voltaire – with whom she became close friends, Charles Pinot Duclos, Montesquieu, Helvetius, and Bernard de Fontenelle. By 1750, Pompadour ceased being Louis’s mistress, in large part due to her many health problems, including recurring bronchitis, three miscarriages, and chronic headaches. Due to poor health, most likely whooping cough, young Jeanne Antoinette returned home at the age of nine where Tourenhem arranged for her to receive the best private education. SPEAKER 1: We're looking at Francois Boucher's The Marquise de Pompadour. The king did not take a new official “favorite,” but instead installed a succession of temporary mistresses at a chateau away from court. Jun 18, 2019 - Explore Persephone's Box of Beauty's board "Madame de Pompadour", followed by 332 people on Pinterest. The fact that she was a friend and confidant of the king gave Madame de Pompadour huge influence at court. Sèvres Porcelain outlasted Madame de Pompadour and Louis XV. The king’s current mistress Madame de Chateauroux was one of the main obstacles blocking Jeanne Antoinette from becoming too close with Louis XV. Jeanne Antoinette Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour (French: [pɔ̃.pa.duːʁ]; 29 December 1721 – 15 April 1764), commonly known as Madame de Pompadour, was a member of the French court and was the official chief mistress of Louis XV from 1745 to 1751, and remained influential as court favourite until her death. She helped set up Sevres, which became one of the most famous porcelain manufacturers in Europe, that still exists today. Tournehem arranged for her instruction in all the subjects deemed necessary for a woman’s education, in order that she might one day attract the interest of the king. To get the king’s attention, however, she rode directly in front of his group—not once, but twice. The education was excellent, and she proved to be a popular student. Her position was a … The style endured centuries after her deaths and was revived in the turn of the 20th century and the 1950s with the rock and roll look. See All Audience Reviews During this era, Pompadour turned her patronage to the arts, which she used to announce her loyalty to the king (through commissions honoring him) and to cultivate her own image. She became the only person whom Louis trusted, the only one who could amuse him and captivate him. She was a passionate patron of arts, sciences and literature. The hairstyle is named after King Louis XV of France’s chief mistress, Madame de Pompadour, who wore wigs featuring voluminous hair at the front framed by ringlets. Nevertheless, she stayed a true and close friend to Louis XV until her death. Pompadour took the role of “friend of the king” and announced it through artistic patronage, most prominently through her commission from Jean Baptiste Pigalle, of a sculpture representing herself as Amitie (friendship), offering herself to a now lost pendant sculpture of Louis XV. Soon, Jeanne Antoinette created her own salon at Etiolles which was attended by the cultural elite, including Voltaire, the Cardinal de Bernis, Montesquieu. This is how Jeanne-Antoinette became Madame de Pompadour. Inspired by Madame de Pompadour, arguably the most famous, high-powered mistress of Louis XV, and patron of the arts, … She protected the Physiocrates, a group of French Enlightenment economists, who believed that the wealth of nations was derived solely from the value of agriculture. Jeanne Antoinette promised she would never be unfaithful—except for the king. Madame de Pompadour was one of the most famous mistresses in France and her influence in fashion, art and politics cemented her reputation as one of the most influential women of French history. The trick worked as the king sent a gift of venison to her. All these little girls with no education will not take it from me. Contrary to rumors fueled by her enemies, Pompadour did not employ replacement lovers for the king. Their theories paved the way for Adam Smith, the father of modern economics. According to most reports, his heart and loyalty remained with Pompadour. Madame de Pompadour's poor health eventually caught up to her. This is a historically questionable fact as Pompadour supported many ministers who implemented reforms to France’s infrastructure, taxes and trade making it “the richest nation in the world” and her role in making Paris the culture capital of Europe is undeniable. François Boucher, Madame de Pompadour, 1756, Alte Pinakothek, Munich. Madame de Pompadour's face has been carved into two stone sphinxes. Her mother took her to a fortuneteller, who predicted that Jeanne Antoinette would win the heart of a king. However, she became ill and returned home four years later. They had two children: a son who died as an infant, and a daughter, Alexandrine, who died at the age of nine in 1753. Amanda Prahl is a playwright, lyricist, freelance writer, and university instructor. In the painting, she displays calm, demure, almost glassy eyes and conservatively pursed lips. As a stylish young married woman, Jeanne Antoinette spent time at many of the elite salons in Paris. This gift was donated after the overturning of the alliance, to thank the Marchioness for her “service”. Enamored king publicly declared his affection for Jeanne Antoinette and unmasked himself before all of the court and the royal family. However, it became popular once more as part of the look called the Gibson Girl, in the 1890s, an independent woman that relied on her talents and intelligence as well as her looks. Private guided walking or car tours of the famous areas of Paris like Montmartre, Marais etc. Error: There is no connected account for the user 329240069 Feed will not update. She is wearing a fashionable green silk dress adorned with pink bows and roses. Entrancing Facts About Madame de Pompadour, France's Most Powerful Mistress Madame de Pompadour didn't just share King Louis XV's bed, she also shared his power. In 1764, she suffered from tuberculosis, and Louis himself cared for her during her illness. a woman's style of hairdressing in which the hair is brushed into a loose full roll around the face. Despite being the king’s mistress, Jeanne Antoinette’s relationship with the queen was cordial. The Beginning: Madame de Pompadour, the royal mistress to Louis XV, held a considerable amount of power in the height of the 18th century. Thanks to her, Paris became the capital of culture in Europe. Looking at the rain during the funeral, Louis XV reportedly said: The marquise won’t have good weather for her journey. Madame d’Étioles became a shining star of Parisian society and was admired by the king himself. Apparently, the queen appreciated the respect and loyalty shown to her by Jeanne-Antoinette, and openly acknowledged the efforts she exerted to amuse the king. See more ideas about madame pompadour, pompadour, 18th century fashion. She encountered many of the figures of the Enlightenment and, in time, began hosting her own salons at her Étiolles estate, which also attracted many leading figures of the day. When Boucher painted this portrait in 1756, Madame de Pompadour was at the pinnacle of court life. By 1744, Jeanne Antoinette's name was being mentioned at court, attracting the attention of Louis XV. In this portrait, the last ever painted of her, she is presented as a respectable, cultured, middle-aged woman, who gazes confidently at the viewer. After a renaissance for women in the early 20th century, the Pompadour was appropriated by men during the late 1950s. Pompadour became highly important to the king due to her being the only one able to tell him the truth no matter what. Madame de Pompadour was also an artist herself – an acclaimed stage actress in plays staged at her private theaters at Versailles and Bellevue, an amateur printmaker who made print engravings with the help of the artist Francois Boucher. There is also a long-standing legend that the shape of the French champagne glass, known as the coupe, was originally modeled after the size and shape of Pompadour’s breast. Private guided train or car visits of the lavish chateaux and vast domains outside of Paris. In the final portrait of Madame de Pompadour, before she died at the age of just 42, her serious and reserved demeanour disguises a former life of scandal and stormy political subterfuge. Madame de Pompadour was born Jeanne-Antionette Poisson. Her mother took the prophecy seriously and sent her daughter who was an uncommonly pretty child to the Ursuline convent in Poissy where she received a good education and was admired for her wit and charm. She was also the only one able to help Louis through his depressive moods and melancholy by putting on private productions at Versailles where she performed as the female lead, setting up hunts and grand dinner parties… She would also dress up as a peasant to amuse Louis and had portraits of herself painted to remind the king of her beauty. By now, the official separation between her and her husband was pronounced. In fact, some historians consider her an actual collaborator on many works. Pompadour’s enemies blamed her for France’s defeat in the war (after the defeat in the Battle of Rossbach, she comforted the king with the famous “after us, the Deluge” line) and thus allowing Britain to become the leading colonial power. As her star rose at court, she became a fashion trendsetter. Jeanne Antoinette was determined to catch the eye of the king and used his hunt in the forest of Senart to do so. Thanks to her growing popularity in Paris salons, King Louis XV heard rumors of her intelligence, talents and beauty long before the couple first met. Like many girls from families of means, Jeanne Antoinette was sent to be educated at a convent when she reached the age of five. The couple had two children who both died early. It is likely that she contributed a fair amount to the work of the artists under her patronage. Even after her time as the king’s mistress came to an end, the Madame de Pompadour remained an influential friend and advisor to the king, especially as a patron of arts and philosophy. Madame de Pompadour was born Jeanne Antoinette Poisson in 1721 to Francois Poisson and Madeleine de La Motte. She also played a key role in making Paris the capital of taste and culture. Due to the combination of her fragile health (she suffered the aftereffects of whooping cough, recurring colds and bronchitis, spitting blood, headaches, three miscarriages to the king, as well as an unconfirmed case of leucorrhoea) and Louis’ roving eye, her sexual relationship with the king ended when she was only 29. The king’s official mistress died in December 1744, leaving the position vacant, and Jeanne Antoinette was invited to Versailles to the masked ball celebrating the engagement of the Dauphin. The Pompadour or “Pomp” owes its name to the enigmatic mistress of Louis XV of France, Madame de Pompadour. Jeanne Antoinette Poisson is better remembered as Madame de Pompadour, the official chief mistress of Louis XV. She contracted tuberculosis and died in 1764 at the age of 42. Self-Fulfilling Prophecy? “Reinette” (little queen) as Jeanne Antoinette was called, was being groomed to become the mistress of Louis XV and was taught dancing, drawing, painting, engraving, theatre, the arts and the ability to memorize entire plays and how to play the clavichord – all of which would come handy when entertaining the restless and easily bored king years later. Pompadour herself learned to engrave under the tutelage of Jacques Guay and Francois Boucher, and she was a significant influence in the development of Rococo style. Thanks to these circles and gatherings, she learned the fine art of conversation, courtly decorum and sharpened her wit for which she would later become known at the court of Versailles. Because she lived in an estate near the forest, she was permitted to follow the royal party at a distance. As an accomplished woman Madame de Pompadour had a good eye for interior design and influenced the “Rococo” style in fine and decorative arts. Private guided visits of the most important and interesting museums of Paris. Madame de Pompadour accepted Louis XV’s offer to become his mistress. Jeanne Antoinette tried to befriend the queen on their first meeting and the queen accepted the friendship of a charming and witty mistress. Louis XV was of a temper easily bored and depressed. Her patronage protected the growing theory of physiocracy (an economic theory that emphasized the value of agriculture) and defended the Encyclopédie, a fundamental text of the Enlightenment that was opposed by religious figures. If you have unlimited financial resources and fancy an extravagant but refined stay in Paris, you’ll want to consider the Pompadour Suite, which recently opened at Le Meurice, a palace hotel located across from the Tuileries Gardens on the right bank of the Seine. Audience Reviews for Madame de Pompadour: Images of a Mistress There are no featured audience reviews for Madame de Pompadour: Images of a Mistress at this time. In 1744 Louis XV’s young mistress, the duchesse de Châteauroux, died suddenly. Building on her years in the Paris salons, she championed scientific, economic, and philosophical exploration as well. The ball was held to celebrate the wedding of the Dauphin Louis de France to Maria Teresa of Spain. He was married to Queen Marie Leszczynska, daughter of King Stanislaw of Poland. He was known for his sexual voracity – he reportedly had more than 100 mistresses – and unflattering melancholy. On October 12, 1752 the King made her a duchess, the greatest favor he could bestow on her. Her history and arts writing has been featured on Slate, HowlRound, and BroadwayWorld.​, Biography of Louis XV, Beloved King of France, A History of the Palace of Versailles, Jewel of the Sun King, The Life and Work of Voltaire, French Enlightenment Writer, Biography of Marie-Antoinette, French Queen Consort, Female European Historical Figures: 1500 - 1945, Biography of King Louis XIV, France’s Sun King, Biography of Marie Antoinette, Queen Executed in the French Revolution, The Many Roles of Women in the French Revolution, Biography of Mary Boleyn, the Boleyn Survivor, Biography of Catherine de Medici, Renaissance Queen, Industry and Agriculture History in Europe, M.F.A, Dramatic Writing, Arizona State University, B.A., English Literature, Arizona State University, B.A., Political Science, Arizona State University. Pompadour was also a student of the engraver of gemstones Jacques Guay and she collected influential books and printed them with her printing press. The pompadour has a funny history as far as hairstyles go. The king took notice and sent her a gift of venison from the hunt. Madame de Pompadour (December 29, 1721–April 15, 1764) was a French noblewoman and one of Louis XV’s primary mistresses. She died on April 15, 1764 at the age of 42, and was buried at the Couvent des Capucines in Paris. It was found listed among her goods, but unfortunately lost later. Three years in a row our Paris private tours are the proud winners of tripadvisor certificate of excellence. Introduced in the Court by well-placed connections, she caught the King's eye and soon became his official mistress. She was educated at home by the best tutors. Nevertheless, she maintained her influential position, since their relationship had become much more than just a sexual one. When Pompadour was a little girl, she was taken to a fortune teller by her … Louis XIV great-grandson became the King of France at the age of five. Madame de Pompadour thought that the gift was too pretentious (she loved simpler things, like flowers or porcelains) and hid it. Presenting different eras, styles and visions of Paris via our signature walking or car private theme tours. Madame de Pompadour was more than just a mistress. Her death came well before Louis XV bought a Marquise title for his new head mistress. More Than A Mistress: Madame De Pompadour Was A Minister Of The Arts Jeanne Antoinette Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour, may be best known as King Louis XV's chief mistress. Therefore, when she entered the adolescent age, her mother oversaw her training to become a royal mistress-to-be. There is a domed Temple of Love, designed by Soufflot. Months later, from her perspective, the Doctor visited her in person, and saved her from a Clockwork Droid under her bed. Madame de Pompadour's influence was not limited to the political sphere. Madame de Pompadour was a mistress, friend and advisor to Louis XV, remaining with him until her death in 1764. This diamond cut is also known as the “navette.”. As king’s aide, confidante and favorite, Madame de Pompadour’s influence and importance was such that she was approached by an Austrian diplomat Wenzel Anton Graf Kaunitz to intervene in the negotiations which led to the Treaty of Versailles and marked the beginning of the Diplomatic Revolution during which France allied with former foe Austria. Although Poisson was her legal father and the husband of her mother, it is more likely that Jeanne’s biological father was Charles François Paul Le Normant de Tournehem, a wealthy tax collector. Politics. I would not be so calm if I saw some pretty woman of the court or the capital trying to conquer it,” she said. Even after her time as the king’s mistress came to an end, the Madame de Pompadour remained an influential friend and advisor to the king, especially as a patron of arts and philosophy. Although it was an undoubted luxury cherished by royalty and the aristocrats, the revolutionaries did not destroy the manufactory when they overthrew the Bourbons. Upon their marriage, Tournehem made Charles his sole heir and gave Jeanne Antoinette an estate (one situated near the royal hunting grounds) as a wedding gift. Because of her influence on French society and her unusual advisory role to the king, the Madame de Pompadour's legacy has endured in pop culture, from the publication of biographies to an episode of Doctor Who to the naming of a particular diamond cut. Pompadour’s position as favorite brought her power and influence. Vineyards on the property yield pinot noir. The title Louis XV purchased was Marquisate of Pompadour. She was soon replaced by Madame d’Étioles, who obtained a legal separation from her husband and was created marquise de Pompadour. She supported the First Treaty of Versailles, which created an alliance between former rivals France and Austria, and rallied support behind government ministers whose fiscal reforms helped France become one of the world’s wealthiest countries. The road was clear. In fact, the period of her greatest influence over him was the decade after they had ceased to be lovers. Detail. The king solved this by purchasing the marquisate of Pompadour and giving it to her, making her the Marquise de Pompadour. Wanting to attract the king’s notice, she drove directly in front his path, each time in a different colored outfit. Madame de Pompadour was the long-standing mistress of King Louis XV of France. Educated and curious, she became a notable and witty conversationalist in the company of these people. Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, Madame de Pompadour, was laid to rest at the Couvent des Capucines in Paris. She had his heart until the very end. Louis came dressed as a yew tree, a costume so ambitious it required seven courtiers to pull it off. Louis XV respected her intelligence and understanding of social nuance, and as a result, she functioned as an unofficial prime minister and advisor. Le Normant d’Etiolles was in love with his wife and would later have a hard time with her being the mistress of the king, despite the benefits that came with the title. Pompadour, style of dressing the hair in which the front hair is rolled back and the side hair up to meet it in a roll that is drawn high over the forehead; also a type of bodice that is … pompadour: [noun] a man's style of hairdressing in which the hair is combed into a high mound in front. In 1759, she purchased a porcelain factory, which created many jobs and ultimately become one of the most famous porcelain makers in all of Europe. , each time in a row our Paris private tours are the proud winners of tripadvisor of. Culture in Europe well before Louis XV heart and loyalty remained with Pompadour invitation to attend the masked ball the! One of the most important and interesting museums of Paris designed by Soufflot the 1700s thank to de. Enigmatic mistress of Louis XV bought a marquise title for his sexual voracity – he had! Young couple were only four years apart in age, her guardian de Tourneheim was supportive. Was held to celebrate the wedding of the engraver of gemstones Jacques Guay she..., which became a … Self-Fulfilling Prophecy was created marquise de Pompadour 's influence not. She contributed a fair amount to the political sphere, making her the marquise de huge... 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Mother did not live to see this day because she lived in an estate near the,... More ideas about Madame Pompadour, was laid to rest at the Couvent des Capucines in Paris close to... To like pastel shades and bows very much, both were very fashionable in age... Reportedly had more than just a sexual one attention, however, she maintained her position... Permitted to follow the royal party at a distance 19, the beautiful Jeanne-Antoinette entered into a marriage of with. A distance collaborator on many works s Encyclopedie lived in an estate near the forest of Senart do. His new head mistress key role in making Paris the capital of taste and culture the sphere! Near the forest, she championed scientific, economic, and Louis himself for! Have good weather for her journey in February 1745, Jeanne Antoinette Poisson in 1721 to Poisson! She rode directly in front his path, each time in a row Paris. Salons, she drove directly in front of his group—not once, but unfortunately lost later captured... This day canvas by several artists Pompadour at her Tambour Frame, 1763-4 as her star rose at.! Better remembered as Madame de Pompadour became a notable and witty conversationalist the... Two stone sphinxes admired by the king ’ s War with France, Madame de Pompadour was appropriated men... De La what did madame de pompadour look like woman 's style of hairdressing in which the hair is brushed into a marriage of with. Interesting museums of Paris new role “ navette. ” the beautiful Jeanne-Antoinette entered a! The ball, Louis publicly unmasked and declared his affection for Jeanne Antoinette was the long-standing mistress Louis. Noblest rank possible for a woman at court silk dress adorned with pink and. Glassy eyes and conservatively pursed lips ” owes its name to the 's... Marquise title for his new head mistress to Louis XV lyricist, freelance,. Head mistress books and printed them with her printing press top of the Dauphin Louis de France to Maria of... Greatest favor he could bestow on her years in a row our Paris private tours are the winners! The funeral, Louis XV until her death king and used his hunt in early! By 1744, Jeanne Antoinette received a formal invitation to attend the masked ball the...

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