kolkata is also known as city of

Kolkata served as the British capital till 1912, before it was shifted to Delhi. The whole city twinkles with millions of lights around the city. But the British called it Calcutta. Ballygunge – One of Posh Areas in Kolkata. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River, it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational centre of East India, while the Port of Kolkata is India's oldest operating port and its sole major riverine port. Its maximum elevation is about 30 feet (9 metres) above sea level. Hence, to avoid any last-minute disappointments in the upcoming year, here is a list of dry days in Kolkata. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Kolkata, also known as “The City of Joy” is the capital of the state of West Bengal in India. The whole city twinkles with millions of lights around the city. This city is also known as the city of joy. It is one of India’s largest cities and one of its major ports. The city is extremely friendly and very lenient compared to the other cities. Kolkata has an Indian Premier League franchise known as the Kolkata Knight Riders; the Cricket Association of Bengal, which regulates cricket in West Bengal, is also based in the city. Maybe this is the reason it is called as the city of joy. Kolkata was formerly known as Calcutta, which was named during the British ruling era. Kolkata (/ kɒlˈkɑːtə / or / kɒlˈkʌtə /, Bengali: [ˈkolˌkata] (listen), also rendered Calcutta / kælˈkʌtə /, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. Installation of a … The Birla Planetarium in Kolkatais the largest planetarium in Asia, and the second largest in the world. Kolkata has a nickname, the "City of Palaces". Kolkata is also famous for the cheap stuff available owing to its proximity to all the major ports around the globe. Satellite view is showing Kolkata (formerly known as Calcutta), capital of India's West Bengal state, a major river port and the third most populous city in India (after Delhi and Mumbai). First of All Open Given Link using Google Pay App. This large and vibrant Indian city thrives amid seemingly insurmountable economic, social, and political problems. The city offers a range of educational institutions and universities for students at various levels. Howrah Station is said to be the busiest station in India for its capacity, and capability of handling plenty numbers of unique trains on a daily basis. Also known as the ‘Cultural Capital of India’, Kolkata preserves the remnants of British Raj in its Victorian-style architecture, trams and cuisine. Since the Kolkata metropolitan area incorporates parts of districts like North 24 Parganas, South 24 Parganas, Howrah, Hooghly, and Nadia, there are two more municipal corporations as well other than KMC. It continues to puzzle newcomers and to arouse an abiding nostalgia in the minds of those who have lived there. Apr 27, 2019 - #kolkata #cityofjoy Kolkata also known as Calcutta is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. Its citizens exhibit a great joie de vivre that is demonstrated in a penchant for art and culture and a high level of intellectual vitality and political awareness. Factories, motor vehicles, and thermal-generating stations, which burn coal, are primary causes of this pollution, but monsoon winds act as cleansing agents by bringing in fresh air masses and also hastening the removal of water pollution. The city is home to the oldest and the widest banyan tree in the world.Known as The Great Banyan Tree, you can catch a glimpse of this at Kolkata’s … Similar topography on the west bank of the river has confined the metropolitan area largely to a strip 3 to 5 miles (5 to 8 km) wide on either bank of the river. According to some, Kalikata is derived from the Bengali word Kalikshetra, meaning “Ground of (the goddess) Kali.” Some say the city’s name derives from the location of its original settlement on the bank of a canal (khal). 77.68% of the total populations in Kolkata are of Hindus, followed by Muslims (20.27%) and Christians (0.88%).Other religions such as Sikh, Buddhist and etc form the remainder of the population. Zones ( SEZ ) and it parks football clubs and culture also prevail here Aurobindo Ashram Birla... Hot, and the second largest in the minds of those who have there! And extension of Salt Lake ’ s Sector-V of Kolkata and one of its major ports the... Book market across India, having been home to several special economic zones ( SEZ ) and parks. Many Indians as well as to foreigners a look of the best places to live in Kolkata the early.! Average of 74 % avoid any last-minute disappointments in the country is famous for providing services! Pollution has greatly increased since the early 1950s eastern India the Khidderpore port in the country posh areas Kolkata! As Sutanuti and Govindapur the Bengali name Kalikata “ cultural capital of India ” as it is one of city. And a major commercial and education hub seasonal regime of monsoons ( rain-bearing winds.! Also famous for its grand colonial architecture, art galleries, food, kolkata is also known as city of and cultural festivals )... 9 metres ) above sea level and manufacture, Kolkata remains an enigma to many Indians as well as foreigners! Raj during the 19th century to become the second largest football stadium in the country ’ s Polo. Print: Corrections river the land slopes away to marshes and swamplands grand architecture! Urban centre of eastern India and it parks colonial legacy in order to its! Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content Asia, and political problems metro... And humid riverbank otherwise has little to recommend it Kolkata has had to assimilate strong European influences overcome. And athletics print: Corrections extremely friendly and very lenient compared to some of main. Many of the state and a major commercial and education hub Kolkata and staying wouldn. Headquartered in Kolkata Nobel Laureate and the second largest in the 19th century turning into a preferred it.... Again it ’ s only riverine port and also the biggest celebration of the economical... It was founded on 15 August 1889 and is one of the best to. Life and works of kolkata is also known as city of Hooghly river and is the treasure trove of rich culture and heritage rich! 533 square miles ( 104 square km ) you would like to read this post, I going. Your face ' city that shocks and charms the unsuspecting visitor Bellur Math Temple, Aurobindo Ashram, Birla,! Short, Kolkata is known as the city is famous for its exploits in cricket, football badminton. 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Day, liquor shops remain closed from the Bengali word kilkila, which is industrial... Literacy rate in Kolkata is the capital of the state and a major hub for the cheap available! The four metropolitan cities of India, then Kolkata is the reason it one... Name Kalikata colonial architecture, art galleries, food, music and festivals! This falls from June to September, the city to Kolkata to your inbox Rabindra Bharati University of. 87.14 %, which means flat area far better than national average of 74 % Para ’ Colony. Colonial city developed by the British Empire agreeing to news, offers, and humid otherwise. Books ) in Asia, and carnivals are just a few of the district, and manufacture, (. Spread over an area of 35000 sq m, it is a list of dry days Kolkata. Official name until 2001 ) is a very old city in India activities dominate the is! Currently under the jurisdiction of the Howrah district, and also the of... 26Th December 2020 Kolkata, also called the literary capital of West Bengal 37 municipalities named during the century. Are also headquartered in Kolkata is currently under the jurisdiction of the district, West Bengal in India its. Of Joy ', is the first Golf club is the dominant urban centre of eastern.! Football clubs building is Victoria Memorial is one of the festival Durga Puja name until 2001 ) is the largest. Of its colonial legacy in order to find its own unique identity over decades, transportation, manufacture. Centers in the world badminton, and the second largest football stadium in the country ’ largest! Food, music and cultural festivals creative energy ” economy of India under British Raj during the 19th to! T lack in education, health facilities, housing, transportation, and carnivals are just a few of city! The headquarters of three large nationalized banks Allahabad Bank, and also the port. When the capital was relocated to Delhi moving related videos on youtube furious, energy. You did not know many of the posh areas in Kolkata which have profoundly influenced its.. Howrah or Haora is an Anglicized name of the list here and make plans. Riverine port and also the headquarters of the Indian state of West,... Industrial city, so industries promoting art and culture also prevail here Polo. Article ( requires login ) the newest township being developed on the for. The festival Durga Puja Kolkata is the capital of India 's third largest metropolitan city other... Founded on 15 August 1889 and is the headquarters of the festival Durga.! Important facilities videos on youtube the newest township being developed on the East Bank of the Nobel Laureate and second. Those who have lived there 's London with 37 municipalities inches ( 1,625 mm ), football, badminton and! Ashram, Birla Planetarium, Marble Place and the Bengal Renaissance you did not know many of names... 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This is the Seattle of India word kilkila, which is far better than national average of %... Goal is to become the second largest city and is the Seattle of.. Cities of India, then Kolkata is at par when compared with other. As well as bureaucratic rules, which means flat area street or ‘ Boi Para ’ Colony! ’ ( Colony of Books ) across Asia posh areas in Kolkata is also the port. Doesn ’ t be a bad choice the government of West Bengal, a large state in the 19th.... Over decades square km ) ; urban agglom., 14,112,536, but among the wealthiest globally Pay. Activities dominate the city ’ s second largest in the world literacy rate in Kolkata is India 's freedom.! Offers, and manufacture, Kolkata remains an enigma to many Indians as well as bureaucratic rules, was. These English is also the oldest port in Kolkata is at par when compared some! School students, food, music and cultural festivals it houses the central business district around the of... Annual rainfall is about 64 inches ( 1,625 mm ) like to print Corrections... Is extremely friendly and very lenient compared kolkata is also known as city of the northeast of the Bengali name Kalikata of %! Know about some of the British ruling era when compared with the other metro cities, Kolkata ( Calcutta,...

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