inclusive education policy in ghana

The authors argue that there is the need for a holistic review of the program to ground the policy within the education system of Ghana. Focusing on inclusive education can The education ... (ii) Sub-theme 2. To adapt the existing education system, special schools are transformed to serve as resource centres, school infrastructure is improved, and funding is provided. The forum was held under the theme: “The Implementation of Ghana’s Inclusive Education Policy: What is the progress so far”. Ghana has successfully launched a national inclusive education policy framework to address the educational challenges encountered by children with special needs. There are two main types of education practiced in Ghana, formal education and informal education. The Strategic Inclusive education is a process of increasing the participation of all students in schools including those with disabilities. Gender equality and social inclusion are, therefore, at the heart of the STAR Ghana Foundation. 41 a significant barrier to the effective implementation of inclusive education in 42 South Africa. The involvement of non-state actors such as the UNICEF, STAR-Ghana, Inclusion Ghana, Ghana Blind Union, the Ghana Federation of Disability Organisations, the Ghana National Education Campaign Coalition, and the World Education have been crucial to the development of the policy and they acknowledged and appreciated. Beginning in the 1970s there was a new policy adopted for assuring the education of these young people. 2.5.1 Introduction 35 . Ghana’s Inclusive Education Policy provides a more harmonized and strategic approach to planning and financial prioritization in order to roll-out Inclusive Education activities on a wider scale and reach all learners with special educational needs. The implementation of the Inclusive Education Policy will surely help the country in its quest to provide education for all its children to equip them with the necessary knowledge and skills to take up the mantle of leadership when the time comes. Inclusive Education: Public Policies - FCUBE - Free Compulsory Universal Basic Education. Inclusive Education - Standards and Guidelines Putting Inclusive Education into practice in Ghana UNICEF/UN578611/QUARMYNE. [89] The Policy and its Development Process •Ghana’s IE Policy is a framework that contains a more harmonized and strategic approach to planning, implementing and monitoring IE activities on a wider scale to reach all learners with SEN in the country. The involvement of non-state actors such as the UNICEF, STAR-Ghana, Inclusion Ghana, Ghana Blind Union, the Ghana Federation of Disability Organisations, the Ghana National Education Campaign Coalition, and the World Education have been crucial to the development of the policy and they acknowledged and appreciated. Inclusive early childhood education (IECE) represents a key policy and practice implementation that facilitates the education and socialisation of all children with and without disability and special educational needs in Ghana. Our approach This policy builds upon sections in the 1992 Constitution, the National Development Agenda, the Education Strategic Plan and International Commitments to achieve national as well as international goals for creating an environment for addressing the diverse educational needs of Ghanaians. This policy is the outcome of a series of discussions and consultations between numerous stakeholders in the education sector. Mr Anthony BOATENG, Ghana Education Service In-Service Tutor Development in Support of Inclusive Education. It is about restructuring the cultures, policies and practices in schools so that they respond to the diversity of students in their locality. This policy builds upon sections in the 1992 Constitution, the National Development Agenda, the Education Strategic Plan and International Commitments to achieve national as well as international goals for creating an environment for addressing the diverse educational needs of Ghanaians. Inclusive Education Policy and Practice in Ghana. Inclusive Education in Ghana: a look at policy, and practice in Northern Ghana Final Draft (January 26, 2011) By Leslie Casely-Hayford, Thomas Quansah, Patience Tetteh, Rukaya Adams, and Imranah Adams, Associates for Change1 For the Voluntary Service Organisation (VSO, Ghana) By. Conclusion: To promote inclusive education in Zambia, it is vital that students with and without disabilities have on-going chances to interact with, and learn from, each other. Volume 1 of Ghana’s Education Strategic Plan 2010 – 2020 covers policies, strategies, delivery and finance. The responsibilities of ministries are clearly defined and the government is the principal funder. Ghana’s Policy on Inclusive Education: A tool for national development. In the majority of cases, children simply need good, clear and accessible teaching. of formal education across the country, including access to free schooling, the inclusion of technical and vocational education, and improved teacher training. This policy is focused on the informal educational sector which … A 2014 doctoral thesis noted that there is evidence of acceptance of children with disabilities into mainstream schools in Ghana, but that a number of challenges remain. The education offered at this level, ... Inclusive Education: Public Policies - FCUBE - Free Compulsory Universal Basic Education. The forum was held under the theme: “The Implementation of Ghana’s Inclusive Education Policy: What is the progress so far”. The Strategic The development of inclusive education in Ghana has been recognized as the process for orchestrating educational quality and equity for students with disabilities. Our perspective on gender equality is focused on ensuring that women and men, boys and girls are empowered to pursue their human rights and fundamental freedoms, and are valued as equal and active participants in the wellbeing of their households, workplaces, communities and societies. The problems of Inclusive education in Ghana have been noted to be around teacher attitudes and skills, resources and a gulf between policy initiation and implementation. As part of efforts to address challenges facing children with disabilities, the SPED of GES initiated the development of the Inclusive Education Policy and Minimum Standards and Guidelines. Our approach The Inclusive Education programme expanded from 29 districts in seven regions in 2011 to 216 districts in all 10 regions by 2016. Addressing the lack of data, UNICEF recently conducted an impact assessment, soon to be published. ... Special and Inclusive Education Policy and Practice in Kenya, 1963 to 2016. anthony.boateng@mail.com, Media – UNICEF Ghana, 2014: http://www.unicef.org/ghana/media_8503.html 2.11 Conclusion 54 INCLUSIVE EDUCATION POLICY MINISTRY OF EDUCATION. It has promoted and supported inclusive education practices in South Africa since 1995. For a full copy of the Inclusive Education Policy,or if you have concerns related to learners with special educational needs, please contact: the Special Education Division (SpED) of the Ghana … inclusive education is an approach that looks into how to transform education systems and other learning environments in order to respond to the diversity of learners. Inclusive Education rolled out throughout Ghana (barrier-free DOC) Inclusive Education in Ghana An Analysis of Policies and the Practices in One Mainstream School and One Inclusive School in the Greater Accra Region Ida Marie Brandt Pekeberg Master thesis M.Phil. Policy implementation is assumed by its numerous agencies; the Ghana Education Service (GES) is responsible for the coordination of national education policy on pre-tertiary education. ... Inclusive Education Implementation Materials the inclusion of children with disabilities in the mainstream school system. Ghana’s Inclusive Education Policy of 2013 is a national legally-binding policy. Inclusive Education South Africa is a registered non-profit organization. To achieve this, UNICEF supported the development and implementation of the Inclusive Education policy with the aim of strengthening the capacity of the Ghana Education Service to equip regional assessment centers with assistive devices such as hearing aids, glasses, … Inclusive Education has been or is being adopted by most members of the United Nations. In Ghana, we have had about six initiatives/models of implementation of Inclusive Education. COST (GH¢) TIME FRAME AGENCY RESPONSIBLE COLLABORATING INSTITUTIONS This is the only way that stereotypes and ill-informed misconceptions about disabilities can be Gender equality Education in crisis Inclusive education Early education Learning assessments Teaching quality Data systems. The Inclusive Education Policy recognises the varied learning needs of learners and requires all stakeholders in the education sector to address the diverse needs of different groups of citizens in the Ghanaian education system under the universal design for learning and within a learner friendly environment for all children. List of educational policies in Ghana Development of vocational and technical education. Ghana’s Inclusive Education Policy provides a more harmonized and strategic approach to planning and financial prioritization in order to roll-out Inclusive Education activities on a wider scale and reach all learners with special educational needs. The policy further recognizes the varied learning needs of learners and requires all stakeholders to address the diverse needs of different groups of citizens in the Ghanaian education system. InclusIve educatIon PolIcy ImPlementatIon Plan2015 - 2019 Policy Objective 1: Improve and adapt education and related systems and structures to ensure the inclusion of all learners particularly learners with special educational needs STRATEGY ACTIONS/ ACTIVITIES INDICATORS EST. Key personnel from the Ghana Education Service as well as head teachers and teachers in 1,322 basic schools have been trained in Inclusive Education. Besides the key personnel from the Ghana Education Service (circuit supervisors, district Inclusive Education coordinators, training officers, and deputy directors), head teachers and teachers that have been trained and numerous parents have been sensitized on their roles and responsibilities to support Inclusive Education. Policy implementation The purpose of this study was to examine teachers` attitudes in implementing Inclusive Education in primary and junior high secondary schools in two districts in Ghana (Bole and New Juaben). Tracking of success Ghana has successfully launched a national inclusive education (IE) policy framework to address the educational challenges encountered by children with special needs. A school monitoring and evaluation tool was developed and is now part of the policy scale-up process. Social justice & cost-effectiveness It presents the essential features of inclusive education systems and recognis es the need to take action to make inclusive education a reality for all learners. A Policy that stipulate that inclusive education for all children has already received approval from Mr Jacob Kor, the Director-General of the Ghana Education Service waiting for final approval from the Minister Professor Jane Naana Opoku Agyemang. Studies have revealed that teachers` attitudes toward students with disabilities are different, and these various differences/reasons are dependent on schools` practices of inclusion. 2.5.2 Professional support 35 . Despite an overall increase in school enrolment in Ghana, some children continued to be left behind, particularly children with disabilities, who went either to segregated boarding schools or were not enrolled at all. The policy will be reviewed every five years. «Inclusive Education is not a tragedy. To promote a learner-friendly school environment, curricula and teacher training are reviewed and resources are provided. Both private and public schools in Ghana must implement Inclusive Education and cannot deny admission. Ms Agnes ARTHUR, UNICEF Ghana TRANSFERABILITY, SCALABILITY, AND COST-EFFICIENCY. However, there are some challenges that affect the inclusion of disabled children in mainstream schools. In the area of education, Enabling Education Network (EENET) was created to promote the inclusion of the marginalized Removing barriers to participation in learning for all learners is at the core of inclusive education systems (UNESCO, 2005). 2.8 The Inclusive Education policy 41 . Monitoring and evaluation is undertaken at all levels: All annually reviewed planning documents of educational institutions have to include Inclusive Education issues, including an Education Management Information System. Policy Initiatives To guide the practice of inclusive education in the country, the Ghana Government recently developed a policy to guide its operation (Ministry of Education, 2015). Ensuring that #LearningNeverStops in the COVID-19 pandemic, Changing the future for girls in Krachie East through STEM, 400,000 children in Ghana not enrolled in pre-primary education - UNICEF, Improving the lives of children with special needs, THE CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD. The policy is complemented by a comprehensive five-year implementation plan (2015–2019) that includes indicators, a timeframe, a budget, and responsible stakeholders for each action to be undertaken. Before implementing Inclusive Education on a national scale, Ghana first piloted the policy and learned what works and what does not work. The brief is to support STAR-Ghana to address GP GESI constraints and serve as reference material for GPs and other stakeholders seeking to strengthen their GESI engagement through targeted advocacy. The Inclusive Education Policy defines the strategic path of the government for the education of all children with special educational needs. The Inclusive Education Policy recognises the varied learning needs of learners and requires all stakeholders in the education sector to address the diverse needs of different groups of citizens in the Ghanaian education system under the universal design for learning and within a learner friendly environment for all children. The Ghana Education Trust Fund (GETFund) was established by an Act of Parliament in 2000, Act 581, to promote the development of education in the country. From these discussions there emerged a new concept of integration called inclusive education or inclusive schools. Education materials and assistive devices have been distributed to schools. jeleel@inclusion-ghana.org The emphasis is on changing school culture and of the world 49 . In 2009, Inclusive Education was piloted in the Central, Greater Accra, and Eastern Region, and by 2011 it was implemented in 529 schools. The purpose of this policy is to create an education system that is responsive to learner diversity and ensures that all learners are able to receive the best opportunities regardless of the their disability status. Basic education in Ghana consists of nine years of education from Primary one to the end of the three year Junior Secondary School. The USAID (through terms of growth in SPEDC and observed outcomes corresponding Education Quality for All [EQUALL] project) is the main partner to ESP 2003–2015 goals for special and inclusive education. 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