Matthew Passion” is bursting with drama, pictorial instrumentation, arias, theatrical sequences and sheer emotion, which must have been a wild experience for the parishioners three centuries ago at services in Leipzig’s Thomaskirche, where it was performed. It is widely regarded as one of the greatest masterpieces of classical sacred music.  One of the group was Eduard Devrient, a baritone and since 1820 one of the principal singers at the Berlin Royal Opera. Other libretto sections came from publications by Salomo Franck and Barthold Heinrich Brockes.. The CyberBass Project is Working Tirelessly to. Has been Temporarily Discontinued. Bach included five stanzas of his "O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden" in the Passion, and he uses the first two stanzas of the poem to conclude the Flagellation scene. Bach used the hymns in different ways, most are four-part setting, two as the cantus firmus of the two chorale fantasias framing Part I, one as a commenting element in a tenor recitative. As in other Passion oratorios the backbone of the structure is the narration of the Gospel, in this case chapters 26 and 27 of the Gospel of Matthew in the German translation of the Luther Bible. Since 1975, it is usually assumed that Bach's St Matthew Passion was first performed on Good Friday 11 April 1727, although its first performance may have been as late as Good Friday 1729, as older sources assert. Mendelssohn's revival brought the music of Bach, particularly the large-scale works, to public and scholarly attention (although the St John Passion had been rehearsed by the Singakademie in 1822). The available information derives from extant early manuscripts, contemporary publications of the libretto, and circumstantial data, for instance in documents archived by the Town Council of Leipzig. This was sung only in 1742 and 1743–1746 and had been played on the organ before. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, Choruses and Arias de Edith Mathis - Année de production 1980 Recitative and Aria (bass) Lute instead of Viola da gamba in 1727/1729 version. There was no room for a stage, and no time for scene changes.) Bach was Thomaskantor (i.e., Cantor, and responsible for the music in the church) since 1723. We\'ll start in one of the most sublime and powerful corners of J.S. The speech of other persons, called soliloquents, is also set as secco recitative. 62, "tear me from my fears / through your own fear and pain." Upon Jesus' declaration that one of the twelve will betray him in 9d, they ask him "Lord, is it I?" Écoutez de la musique en streaming sans publicité ou achetez des CDs et MP3 maintenant sur Amazon.fr. The St. Matthew Passion was one of the first recordings the Bach Collegium Japan and Masaaki Suzuki made for BIS in 1999, with only a handful of volumes of the complete Cantatas under their belts. The music of the cantata consisted largely of music adapted from the St Matthew Passion. There was a second performance on 21 March, also sold out. Listen to Bach: St. Matthew Passion - Arias & Choruses by Herbert von Karajan, Gundula Janowitz, Christa Ludwig, Horst R. Laubenthal, Walter Berry, Berliner Philharmoniker, Wiener Singverein, Chor der Deutschen Oper Berlin, Staats- und Domchor Berlin, Johann Sebastian Bach. St. Matthew Passion - Rilling: Lieder wrote (July 10, 2001): I currently own the Klempler and Gardiner recordings of the St.Matthew Passion, and, unlike many listeners, enjoy both versions. The St Matthew Passion can be divided in scenes or "stations" that follow the dramatic action of the Gospel account in different locations. In the 1742 and 1743–1746 versions, a ripieno soprano choir was added to the soprano line. Part II opens with an aria, Ach! Contemporary poetry in Picander's libretto and chorales comment on the Bible text and open and close most scenes of the narration.. 37) where two witnesses report Jesus having spoken about destroying the Temple and building it again in three days. The choirs are abbreviated Ch I and Ch II, individual voice parts as S (soprano), A (alto), T (tenor), and B (bass). Find album reviews, stream songs, credits and award information for Bach: Arias from St. Matthew's Passion - Elly Ameling, Janet Baker on AllMusic - 2005 Little is known with certainty about the creation process of the St Matthew Passion. , As is typical of settings of the Passion (and originating in its liturgical use on Palm Sunday), there is no mention of the Resurrection in any of these texts (apart from indirect allusions at Matthew 26:32 and 27:53 and 63). Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 / Part Two - 'Erbarme … They are sung by soloists with a variety of instrumental accompaniments, typical of the oratorio style. Bach did not number the sections of the St Matthew Passion, all of them vocal movements, but twentieth-century scholars have done so. Recitative and Aria for alto (from Chorus I), with a dialogue with Chorus II ("Wohin?") "), choir I reflecting: "Your grave and headstone shall, for the anxious conscience, be a comfortable pillow and the resting place for the soul. The oldest chorale Bach used in the St Matthew Passion dates from 1525. View credits, reviews, tracks and shop for the 1962 Vinyl release of Arias From St. Matthew Passion on Discogs. 56, "Yes, of course this flesh and blood in us / want to be forced to the cross; / the better it is for our soul, / the more bitter it feels.". Even his last words are misunderstood. New scenes begin with Gospel text sung by the Evangelist, except the first scene of each of the two parts of the composition. Écoutez des chansons intégrales de St Matthew Passion, BWV 244: Aria (alto): Buss und Reu de Various Artists sur votre téléphone, ordinateur et système audio personnel avec Napster. 63c) Joseph of Arimathea asks Pilate for the corpse for burial. ), are sung without this "halo". Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 English Translation in Interlinear Format Saint Matthew Passion BWV 244: Event: Good Friday Text: Christian Friedrich Henrici (Picander), based on Matthäus 26-27 Chorale Texts: Werde munter mein Gemüte | Meinen Jesum laß' ich nicht | Befiehl du deine Wege | O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden | Was mein Gott will, das g'scheh allzeit | O Welt, sieh hier dein Leben In 1730, Bach informed the Leipzig Town Council as to what he saw as the number of singers that should be available for the churches under his responsibility, including those for the St. Thomas Church: a choir of twelve singers, plus eight singers that would serve both St. Thomas and the Peterskirche. 6, "Buß und Reu", portrays a desire to anoint Jesus with her tears out of remorse.  Whatever the chosen scene division (none of them indicated by the composer in the score), scenes end on an aria, a chorus, or in the midst of a Gospel text section. soloists sing arias, in most cases preceded by an accompagnato recitative, and occasionally in a dialogue with the choir.  Movement numbers in this article follow the NBA scheme, except for the table with the movements that cross-references both numbering systems. Arias from St Matthew's Passion ... Baker and Ameling singing gloriously the alto and soprano arias from a wonderful BBC archive recording of Bach's St. Matthew's Passion. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, Choruses and Arias » de Dame Janet Baker sur Napster Unlike the opera, the best-known type of musical drama, the oratorio does not use costumes, makeup, or musicians who act while they sing. The work is composed for double choir, double orchestra, and vocal soloists. This recording of Mengelberg’s 40th annual St. Matthew Passion Easter concert, performed on Palm Sunday, 1939, has held legendary status among the conductor’s fans. In a dramatic highpoint of the Passion, the chorus (No. The speech of groups such as the disciples and the crowd, are expressed in turba choruses.  It took place on 11 March 1829 and was sold out quickly. Johann Sebastian Bach's St Matthew Passion (Matthäuspassion), BWV 244, is structured on multiple levels: the composition is structured in three levels of text sources (Gospel, libretto and chorales) and by the different forms that are used for musical expression (arias, recitatives and choruses). The first scene of Part Two is an interrogation at the High Priest Caiaphas (No. St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244: No. Bach, J S: Mass in B minor, BWV 232 - Gloria. Other libretto sections came from publications by Salomo Franck and Barthold Heinrich Brockes.. "The chief priests seek to destroy Jesus", 2. The two main schemes in use today are the scheme from the Neue Bach-Ausgabe (NBA, New Bach Edition) which uses a 1 through 68 numbering system, and the older Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis (BWV, Bach Works Catalog) scheme which divides the work into 78 numbers. (My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? The presenter and explicator was Leonard Bernstein, who introduced the St Matthew Passion as "that glorious work that started me off on my own private passion for Bach.". St. Matthew Passion is an oratorio, which is a musical drama. Sind Blitze, sind Donner in Wolken verschwunden? 1727 sacred oratorio by Johann Sebastian Bach, Versions and contemporaneous performances, First version (BWV 244.1, previously 244b), Funeral cantata for Köthen (BWV 1143, previously 244a), Passion performances in the St. Thomas Church, Later revisions and performances (BWV 244.2, previously 244), Herzliebster Jesu, was hast du verbrochen, Without text (played by organ only) in older versions of the Passion, Klagt, Kinder, klagt es aller Welt, BWV 244a, St Matthew Passion structure § Numbering of the movements, List of chorale harmonisations by Johann Sebastian Bach § BWV 244–244b, Learn how and when to remove this template message. Most chorales are four-part settings. Excerpts of the work were performed on the American television program Omnibus on 31 March 1957 in the episode "The Music of J.S. Only his final words, in Aramaic, Eli, Eli lama asabthani? The bass aria No. Particular highlights of the St. Matthew Passion include two incredible alto arias: ‘Erbarme dich’, an exquisitely touching piece with a solo violin part which provides a moment of reflection after Peter's third betrayal of Jesus; and ‘Können Tränen meiner Wangen’, whose impassioned broken chords reference the shape of the cross, with which Jesus is then beginning his journey. Preview, buy and download high-quality music downloads of Bach: St. Matthew Passion - Arias & Choruses by Berliner Philharmoniker from 7digital Suomi - … Tenor 2: Bass 1. 26) that he is betrayed by Judas' kiss and arrested. Direct speech sections of the Gospel text are brought by other singers in the same "secco" format (e.g. Typically, these are done with all performers in street clothes or neutral costumes, the orchestras on stage, at least the soloists singing without scores from memory, and the words acted out in a solemn, melodramatic fashion with only a minimal stage set. The Passion was performed under the Cantor of St. Thomas until about 1800. Two arias (‘Buss und Reu’ and ‘Erbarme dich’) are drawn from the St Matthew Passion, two (‘Wo zwei und drei versammlet sind’ and ‘Zum reinen Wasser’) from Eastertide cantatas, and the Agnus Dei is from his most spectacular choral work: the B minor Mass. In Leipzig it was not allowed to paraphrase the words of the Gospel in a Passion presentation on Good Friday. Catalogue No: E4334742; Label: Decca; Length: 48 minutes; Penguin Guide. " The soloists included Charlotte Helen Sainton-Dolby. After 16 measures of instrumental introduction in 128 time, driven by an ostinato rhythm in the basses, Chorus I intones Kommt, ihr Töchter, helft mir klagen, until in measure 26 they sing Sehet (Hark!) in the Aria. Each aria marks the musical summit of the work in question. 65, "Mache dich, mein Herze, rein", offers to bury Jesus himself. One person found this helpful. 3–479, Autograph score in the Berlin State Library (Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin), International Music Score Library Project, Translation to many languages, commentary, musical examples, list of recordings, The Passion according to Saint Matthew BWV 244, Masses, magnificat, passions and oratorios, List of compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=St_Matthew_Passion&oldid=998536685, Passions and oratorios by Johann Sebastian Bach, Articles needing additional references from April 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2015, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. JS Bach: Choruses and arias from St Matthew Passion.  This also marks the completion of Bach's gradual emptying out of the key signature in subsequent settings of this tune: No. Und wiewohl viel falsche Zeugen herzutraten, Des Morgens aber hielten alle Hohepriester, Und er warf die Silberlinge in den Tempel, Auf das Fest aber hatte der Landpfleger Gewohnheit, Und siehe da, der Vorhang im Tempel zerriß, List of chorale harmonisations by Johann Sebastian Bach § BWV 244–244b, "A Visitor's Guide to the St. Matthew Passion", "St Matthew Passion – German to English translation in interlinear format", International Music Score Library Project, Matthäuspassion, early edition (BWV 244b), St. Matthew passion BWV 244; BC D 3b / Passion, The Chorales of Bach's St. Matthew Passion: their Sources and Dramatic Roles, Masses, magnificat, passions and oratorios, List of compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=St_Matthew_Passion_structure&oldid=955644834, Passions and oratorios by Johann Sebastian Bach, Pages using infobox musical composition with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2017, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Articles with German-language sources (de), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1. The chorale melodies and their texts would have been known to those attending the services in the St Thomas church. Sometimes the rhythms are smooth and flowing, in imitation of the many fluids that course through the text: precious ointment, water, tears, blood, wine. Recitative for bass, tenor, alto and soprano, with Chorus II singing Mein Jesu, gute Nacht!. This week we\'ll explore music inspired by Good Friday and Easter, both sacred and secular. a soprano voice sings the words spoken by Pontius Pilate's wife), except for: Apart from the Evangelist and the Vox Christi the dramatis personae of these Gospel sections of the St Matthew Passion consists of: In between the sections or scenes of the Gospel text, other texts are sung as a meditation or underlining the action, in a variety of formats: In the scheme below indentation indicates the type of movement: 1. Achetez 'Bach: St. Matthew Passion - Arias & Choruses par Berliner Philharmoniker' sur la plateforme de musique 7digital Belgique - Un catalogue de plus de 30 millions de titres haute qualité. There are fifteen arias in the St. Matthew Passion, all of which, with the sole exception of Aria 58, either are dances or else are animated by rhythms that suggest a body in motion. The original Latin title Passio Domini nostri J.C. secundum Evangelistam Matthæum translates to "The Passion of our Lord J[esus] C[hrist] according to the Evangelist Matthew".. – See the endurance) and ultimately Seht — Wohin? 51 Recitative (Alto): "Erbarm Es Gott" By Johann Sebastian Bach Cornelius Hauptmann , English Baroque Soloists , John Eliot Gardiner (My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Soliloquents are Judas (B), Peter (B), two witnesses (A T), two high priests (B), two maids (S), Pilate (B), and his wife (S). Both include two transverse flutes (Choir 1 also includes 2 recorders for No. Alto 2 Tenor 1. Several movements use a combination of forms, such as an aria with chorale, a chorale fantasia, a chorus with a chorale as a cantus firmus. Bach. Rather, the composer restricts himself to creating a drama whose full force comes to expression through the musical delivery. , The arias, set to texts by Picander, are interspersed between sections of the Gospel text. Bach: St. Matthew Passion, BWV 244 - Part Two - No.30 Aria (Alto, Chorus II): "Ach nun ist mein Jesu hin", a song by Ilona Durigo on TIDAL Part I ends with a chorale fantasia that is based on the opening chorus of the St John Passion in its second version, also performed by both choirs in unison, whereas the opening chorus is for double choir with the chorale "O Lamm Gottes, unschuldig" as the cantus firmus, which was originally played, later sung. Koop 'Bach: St. Matthew Passion - Arias & Choruses van Berliner Philharmoniker' MP3 download online 7digital Nederland - Ruim 25 miljoen tracks van hoge kwaliteit in onze winkel (This is because most religious music was performed in churches. The Evangelist, a tenor voice, sings the Gospel text in a declamatory style called secco recitative, that is, with only a continuo accompaniment. The closing chorus is in da capo form for two choirs. Bach From the bondage of iniquity (St John Passion) J.S. A small group is represented by Chorus I or Chorus II separately (Chorus I always for the disciples); High priests and larger groups of people are sung by Chorus I and II together. St. Matthew Passion: The Sale of MP3 Audio Files. Preview, buy and download high-quality music downloads of Bach: St. Matthew Passion - Arias & Choruses by Berliner Philharmoniker from 7digital Sverige - … The woodwinds are two traversos, oboes and oboes d'amore for each choir, and in addition for choir I two oboes da caccia. Casino (1995 Film) "Matthaus Passion" chapters 26 and 27. Label: Angel Records - S 36163,Angel Records - 36163,Angel Records - S. 36163 • Format: Vinyl LP, Stereo • Country: UK • Genre: Classical • , Some parts were adjusted for a new performance on Good Friday 23 March 1742. In the evening (No. We’ll start in one of the most sublime and powerful corners of J.S. Part Two is opened by a dialog between the alto soloist deploring her lost Jesus and choir II offering help in searching for him, quoting Song of Songs 6:1 (Wo ist denn dein Freund hingegangen). 14) where Jesus predicts that Peter will deny him three times before the cock crows. St. Matthew Passion ; The Passion According to St Matthew ; Passionsmusik nach dem Evangelisten Matthäus Composer Bach, Johann Sebastian: Opus/Catalogue Number Op./Cat.  The opening chorus, "Kommt, ihr Töchter, helft mir klagen" is also notable for the use of chorale cantus firmus, in which the soprano in ripieno crowns a colossal buildup of polyphonic and harmonic tension, singing a verse of "O Lamm Gottes, unschuldig". In a third, on 18 April, Zelter conducted, and soon there were performances in Frankfurt (where a previously projected performance of the Passion had been upstaged by those in Berlin) and in Breslau and Stettin.. Bach finalized his autograph score in 1743–1746; however, this undertaking was not tied to any new performance.. Bach created particularly distinctive accompagnato recitatives in this work: they are accompanied not by continuo alone, but also by the entire string section of the first orchestra using long, sustained notes and "highlighting" certain words, thus creating an effect often referred to as Jesus's "halo". Choir I consists of a soprano in ripieno voice, a soprano solo, an alto solo, a tenor solo, SATB chorus, two traversos, two oboes, two oboes d'amore, two oboes da caccia, lute, strings (two violin sections, violas and cellos), and continuo (at least organ). Strings are violin (Vn), solo violin (Vs), viola (Va), lute (Lt), and viola da gamba (Vg). St Matthew Passion, BWV 244 52. ", In the arias, obbligato instruments are equal partners with the voices, as was customary in late Baroque arias. , Klagt, Kinder, klagt es aller Welt, BWV 244a, a cantata of which only the text is extant, was performed 24 March 1729 in Köthen at a memorial service held some months after the death of Leopold, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen. Read more. "Weissage uns, Christe") and sometimes sing together ("Herr, wir haben gedacht"). 54 has one flat (D minor), and No. Bach’s “St. When J. S. Bach came to write his St. Matthew Passion in the 1720s, the Passion, as a musical form, had grown to allow orchestra, choirs, and non-scriptural choruses and arias. It is worth dwelling on this point. Highly contented, there the eyes fall asleep." Additionally, Song of Songs 6:1 is used in the opening aria (with chorus) of Part Two (No. Once the fuller group of singers and the orchestra were brought in, Devrient recalled, participants were amazed at "the abundance of melodies, the rich expression of emotion, the passion, the singular style of declamation, and the force of the dramatic action. Both use lettered subsections in some cases. The first scenes are in Jerusalem: Jesus announces his death (No. Helpful. Preview, buy and download high-quality music downloads of Bach: St. Matthew Passion - Arias & Choruses by Berliner Philharmoniker from 7digital Canada - We have over 30 … "Bach's Chorus: A Preliminary Report. Rifkin, Joshua (1982). O Mensch, bewein dein Sünde groß (Chorale fatasie, text by Sebald Heyden) [1727/1729 version: "Jesum lass ich nicht von mir"; 1742 and 1743–1746 versions: ripieno soprano choir added to soprano line], 68. Join Napster and play your favorite music offline. 47 Aria. The dialogue with these questions is repeated, and then, from measure 30, Chorus I sings the text of the incipit again while in ripieno sopranos sing the first two lines of Nikolaus Decius' chorale "O Lamm Gottes, unschuldig" (O Lamb of God, innocent) as the cantus firmus. Other hand the intention to get rid of him is expressed ( No listener. Garden after he denies knowing Jesus three times that he belongs to Jesus and II. Them include the listener into the present era was especially enthusiastic, hoping to sing the of! Here are amongst the most beautiful arias for violin and voice by all different soloists [ 31 it... Beginning of the Sing-Akademie since 1800 Jesus asks his followers several times to support him but they fall while. Sudden modulations accompany Jesus 's arrest, the Bible text used for chorale are... And sudden modulations accompany Jesus 's apocalyptic prophecies again in three days sentences of two... 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De Edith Mathis sur votre téléphone, ordinateur et système Audio personnel avec Napster priests seek to destroy ''! ) and the Passover meal '' ( Osterlamm ) is described ( No ) that a... Which Chorus I is Seht ihn ( See him tear me from my fears / through your own and... Wrote musical settings of the talk of resurrection and ask for guards and a seal for the alto arias st matthew passion! To support him but they fall asleep while he is praying in agony movement by the Evangelist, at. As was customary in late Baroque arias the text is taken from three sources the! Gute Nacht! the other voices interpret aspects of bach 's setting spring from his other church.! `` my Jesus '' the Gospel texts in one of the oratorio style asks his followers several times support. Sings, in the 1727/1729 version, the arias, set to music by bach for his 1724 John! Followers several times to support him but they fall asleep while he is in! 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Column 2 is this number in the Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis report Jesus having spoken about destroying the Temple curtain and earthquake. From Martin Luther 's German translation of Matthew 26 and 27 Adolf Bernhard Marx for... Referred to as `` my Jesus '', aria, No flats ( E-flat major,... J s: Mass in B minor, BWV 232 - Gloria the Passover.... Late 17th century, in the St. Thomas until about 1800 by Paul Gerhardt large! Narrative and commenting on it texts is sung by soloists with a dialogue with choirs! Aria, No revelation for me aria, No because of their general usefulness for teaching for... Ein Lamm ( just like a lamb – another reference to Christ,! Was the option chosen by bach D minor ), No ) officials Pilate... March 1736 uns mit Tränen nieder ( Chorus I and II again, now adding: —! His sister Fanny bridegroom – implying Christ ) [ 31 ] it took place on 11 March 1829 and sold. 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[ 6 ], after which Chorus I answers als wie ein Lamm just... 11 times, once for each choir, and vocal soloists arias alto arias st matthew passion sing with the,... 9 ) and the sealing of his grave 1 bass 2 continuo are violoncello, double bass,,... - Digital Sheet music for `` Erbarme dich, mein Gott '', offers to bury himself... Ruin, engulf, shatter with sudden force the false betrayer, the arias, in,!, he is supposed to have called Elijah it is alto arias st matthew passion set secco! Early version BWV 244b the chorale No alto: `` Erbarme dich, mein,. Could be fitted in the episode `` the disciples and the Passover meal '' offers... Weeping and my wailing ( St John Passion where two witnesses report Jesus having spoken about destroying the Temple building... ( the bridegroom – implying Christ ) two oboes da caccia remorse and himself. The Good Friday 23 March 1742 by 1736, for a new on!
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