It was the gateway to the revolution of European education during the British Raj. Muslim Population in West Bengal is 2.47 Crore (27.01 percent) of total 9.13 Crore.  Many major industries such as the Uttarpara Hindustan Motors car manufacturing unit, the jute industry, and the Haldia Petrochemicals unit experienced shutdowns in 2014. , From a phytogeographic viewpoint, the southern part of West Bengal can be divided into two regions: the Gangetic plain and the littoral mangrove forests of the Sundarbans. Desserts incorporate a fundamental spot in the eating regimen of Bengali’s and at their social events. , Christmas, called Bôŗodin (Great day) is perhaps the next major festival celebrated in Kolkata, after Durga Puja. The Marwari’s and Bihari people can actually be found in various corners of the state and also different indigenous Buddhist communities like Sherpas and ethnic Tibetans can be found around the hills of Darjeeling. , The main river in West Bengal is the Ganges, which divides into two branches. ", Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, "Bengal beats India in Muslim growth rate", "Table 1: Distribution of population, sex ratio, density and decadal growth rate of population: 2011", Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, "Table 2(3): Literates and literacy rates by sex : 2011", Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, "Table 162, Number and Percentage of Population Below Poverty Line", "With 76 Towns And Cities Already Open Defecation Free, West Bengal Aims To Reach The 100% Mark by the End of This Year", "Catastrophic Health Care Payment: how much protected are the users of public hospitals?  The Teesta, Torsa, Jaldhaka and Mahananda rivers are in the northern hilly region. Eventually, every year the population increases by 0.1112 Million. Beginning in the mid-2000s, armed activists conducted minor terrorist attacks in some parts of the state. Eden Gardens was one of only two 100,000-seat cricket stadiums in the world; renovations before the 2011 Cricket World Cup reduced the capacity to 66,000. POPULATION OF KOLKATA IN 2019: To find out the actual population of Kolkata in the year 2019, the population figures of the last 5 years has to be taken into account.  The tourism industry of West Bengal was negatively impacted in 2017 because of the Gorkhaland agitation. Following the West Bengal State Assembly Election in 2011, the All India Trinamool Congress and Indian National Congress coalition under Mamata Banerjee of the All India Trinamool Congress was elected to power with 225 seats in the legislature. From the 3rd to the 6th centuries CE, the kingdom of Magadha served as the seat of the Gupta Empire. To conclude it, the population of West Bengal in 2019 as per estimates = 96.33904 Million. Its water flow management has been a source of lingering dispute between India and Bangladesh. For example, the foothills of the Himalayas, the Dooars, are densely wooded with sal and other tropical evergreen trees. The state has a rich legacy of handloom weaving and produces some of the best sorts of cotton and silk sarees in the nation.  GSDP percent growth at current prices varied from a low of 10.3% in 2010–2011 to a high of 17.11% in 2013–2014.  On Vijayadashami, the last day of the festival, the effigies are paraded through the streets with riotous pageantry before being dumped into the rivers. The Kolkata Port Trust manages the Kolkata and the Haldia docks. Cargo ship service operates to ports in India and abroad, operated by the Shipping Corporation of India. The economy of West Bengal is the sixth-largest state economy in India.In 2018–19, its public debt stood at ₹ 4.0 lakh crore (US$56 billion) or 33% of GSDP. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Hugli District as per Census 2011. , Islam was introduced through trade with the Abbasid Caliphate. In the 19th and 20th centuries, Bengali literature was modernised in the works of authors such as Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, whose works marked a departure from the traditional verse-oriented writings prevalent in that period; Michael Madhusudan Dutt, a pioneer in Bengali drama who introduced the use of blank verse; and Rabindranath Tagore, who reshaped Bengali literature and music. The state accounts for the second highest population of Muslims in India (2.47 crore) and third highest, in terms of proportion (27 percent). In 2012, Uttar Pradesh had the largest number of cattle but this population has come down by almost 4 per cent since. The western plateau region has rivers like the Damodar, Ajay and Kangsabati. Bengali 24-hour television news channels include ABP Ananda, News18 Bangla, Tara Newz, Kolkata TV, News Time, Zee 24 Ghanta, Mahuaa Khobor, CTVN Plus, Channel 10 and R Plus. , The origin of the name Bengal (Bangla and Bongo in Bengali) is unknown.  The mangrove forest also acts as a natural fish nursery, supporting coastal fishes along the Bay of Bengal.  The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, part of NFR, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Ancient Bengal was the site of several major Janapadas, while the earliest cities date back to the Vedic period. West Bengal schools are run by the state government or private organisations, including religious institutions. In Darjeeling, which is above 1,500 metres (4,900 ft), temperate forest trees like oaks, conifers and rhododendrons predominate. The state contributes 42 seats to the Lok Sabha and 16 seats to the Rajya Sabha of the Indian Parliament. The capital city is Kolkata and it is ever vibrant. The University of Calcutta and Jadavpur University are prestigious technical universities. Tollygunj in the city of Kolkata is the zone of various Bengali film studios and the name of Tollywood is basically inspired from Bollywood. The Hindu College was established in 1817. The city of Kolkata undergoes a transformation during Durga Puja.  Important manufacturing industries include: engineering products, electronics, electrical equipment, cables, steel, leather, textiles, jewellery, frigates, automobiles, railway coaches and wagons. Dum Dum is a Lok Sabha / Parliamentary constituency in Greater Kolkata region of West Bengal in East India. Notable sports persons from West Bengal include former Indian national cricket team captain Sourav Ganguly, Pankaj Roy, Olympic tennis bronze medallist Leander Paes and chess grand master Dibyendu Barua. 2019 – 96.33904 Million. In August 2016 the West Bengal Legislative Assembly passed another resolution to change the name of West Bengal to "Bengal" in English and "Bangla" in Bengali.  Clashes with the administration took place at several controversial locations over the issue of industrial land acquisition. Kolkata is the only city in India to have trams as a mode of transport; these are operated by the Calcutta Tramways Company. The 2019 Lok Sabha election results are scheduled for Thursday, May 23, 2019. , The capital, Kolkata, was the workplace of several social reformers, including Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar and Swami Vivekananda. The Darjeeling Himalayan Hill region experiences a harsh winter, with occasional snowfall. , Eid al-Fitr is the most important Muslim festival in West Bengal.  Although the economy was severely damaged during the unrest in the 1970s, the state has managed to revive its economy steadily throughout the years. West Bengal Budget: Money to be spent in areas and communities that backed BJP in 2019 Through the Budget, presented by Finance Minister Amit Mitra in the Assembly on Monday, the ruling Trinamool Congress also tried to win back the support of Matua community — a Scheduled Caste group with presence in at least six Parliamentary constituencies.  In 2008 legendary German goalkeeper, Oliver Kahn played his farewell match on this ground. , In 2015–2016, percentage share of Gross Value Added (GVA) at factor cost by economic activity at constant price (base year 2011–2012) was Agriculture-Forestry and Fishery—4.84%, Industry 18.51% and Services 66.65%. One of the earliest foreign references to Bengal is a mention by the Ancient Greeks around 100 BCE of a land named Gangaridai located at the mouths of the Ganges. Following the death of Emperor Aurangzeb in the early 1700s, the proto-industrialised Mughal Bengal became a semi-independent state under the Nawabs of Bengal.  Between 1905 and 1911 an abortive attempt was made to divide the province of Bengal into two zones. Apart from this there is a Deemed university run by the Ramakrishna mission named Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University at Belur Math. Bagdogra Airport near Siliguri is a customs airport that offers international service to Bhutan and Thailand, besides regular domestic service. Every district has weaving clusters, which are home to artisan communities, each specialising in specific varieties of handloom weaving.  The Darjeeling district also has a large Nepali immigrant population, making Nepali a widely spoken language there.  India's sole Chinatown is in eastern Kolkata. The high debt (34.8%) is the most challenging issue for West Bengal in comparison to Gujarat (16 %) in the financial year 2019.  Today, the economy of West Bengal is the sixth-largest state economy in India with a gross state domestic product (GSDP) of ₹12.54 lakh crore (US$180 billion), and has the country's 23rd-highest GSDP per capita of ₹115,748 (US$1,600).  The Bengali word Bongo might have been derived from the ancient kingdom of Vanga (or Banga). The company gained the right to collect revenue in Bengal subah (province) in 1765 with the signing of the treaty between the East India company and the Mughal emperor following the Battle of Buxar in 1764.  Part of the world's largest mangrove forest, the Sundarbans in southern West Bengal. In this region is Sandakfu, which, at 3,636 m (11,929 ft), is the highest peak in the state.  West Bengal also has the 28th-highest ranking among Indian states in human development index, with the index value being less than that of India. Darjeeling is a Lok Sabha / Parliamentary constituency in of West Bengal and is located in Central India. University of Calcutta (Focus Area—Electro-Physiological and Neuro-imaging studies including mathematical modelling) has also been selected under the "Centre with Potential for Excellence in a Particular Area" scheme. Indian art saw the introduction of Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Indeed, even after the rising of Bangladesh as a free nation in 1971, migration to the state was still going on. The citadel of Gauḍa served as the capital of the Gauḍa Kingdom, the Pala Empire, and the Sena Empire. Hinduism constitutes 70.54% of West Bengal population. Broadband Internet is available in select towns and cities and is provided by the state-run BSNL and by other private companies. The Calcutta Cricket and Football Club is the second-oldest cricket club in the world.. Dial-up access is provided throughout the state by BSNL and other providers. One branch enters Bangladesh as the Padma, or Pôdda, while the other flows through West Bengal as the Bhagirathi River and Hooghly River. :4, The economy of West Bengal has witnessed many surprising changes in direction. It is home to indigenous innate Adivasis, for example, Santhal and Toto tribe. The Scottish Church College, the oldest Christian liberal arts college in South Asia, started in 1830.  Siliguri is an economically important city, strategically located in the northeastern Siliguri Corridor (Chicken's Neck) of India. Folk music in West Bengal is often accompanied by the ektara, a one-stringed instrument. The Muslim voter is expected to play a key role in the West Bengal elections. ", "West Bengal tax revenue up 19% on greater efficiency", "Revenue collection: Mamata Banerjee's West Bengal beats rest of India in growth", "Bharat Bandh gets mixed response from India, West Bengal surprises with business-as-usual attitude", "Zero-strike work culture has resulted in no days loss: Moloy Ghatak", "Report on Fifth Annual Employment-Unemployment Survey (2015–16)", "Waiting for health care: a survey of a public hospital in Kolkata", "West Bengal: health systems development initiative programme memorandum", "Impact of social sector development in West Bengal – Midnapore and Birbhum districts", "Six killed as farmers and communists clash in West Bengal", "West Bengal political violence continues", "Unknown vs The State of West Bengal on 14 November, 2014", "Defective blood-test kits in West Bengal", "Alarming rise in bacterial percentage in Ganga waters", "1.04 cr hit by arsenic contamination in Bengal", "Under 7-inch snow, Sandakphu a hot favourite among tourists now", "Bengal green cover up by just 21 sq km, aided by plantations", "Forest and tree resources in states and union territories: West Bengal", "World's largest mangrove forest under threat", "State animals, birds, trees and flowers", West Bengal Human Development Report 2004, "TMC registers strong wins in Bengal by-elections", "Gorkhaland Territorial Administration Agreement signed", "Section 2 of West Bengal Panchayat Act, 1973 – West Bengal Judicial Academy", "Directory of district, sub division, panchayat samiti/ block and gram panchayats in West Bengal, March 2008", "Urban agglomerations/cities having population 1 million and above", The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, "Cities having population 1 lakh and above, census 2011", "Geography's Curse: India's Vulnerable 'Chicken's Neck, "Net state domestic product at factor cost—state-wise (at current prices)", "GSDP at current prices, 2004–05 series (2004–05 to 2014–15)", "Centre accepts Bengal GDP has crossed Rs 10L cr", "GSDP at current prices, Percent growth (2004–05 to 2014–15)", "Per Capita NSDP at current prices, Percent growth (2004–05 to 2014–15) – NITI Aayog", "About West Bengal State: Tourism, Industries, Agriculture, Economy & Geography", "Mamata seeks debt restructuring plan for West Bengal", "A year of shutdowns in Bengal's industry", "Darjeeling fears continuing Gorkhaland agitation to hurt festive tourism business", "Business environment satisfactory in West Bengal: Survey", "West Bengal bags top spot in Ease of Doing Business; Here's the full ranking list", "Industrial Development in West Bengal, GSDP of West Bengal", "Statewise Length of national highways in India", "Kolkata Metro is now the 17th zone of Indian Railways", "Profile on Kazi Nazrul Islam International Airport", "Air India operates inaugural flight between Durgapur & Kolkata", "Bengal transport dept to offer VRS to over 4,000 employees", "[IRFCA] Indian Railways FAQ: IR History: Early Days – 1", "Language – India, States and Union Territories", "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India", "Population by religion community – 2011", "Could it take two to tango with Mamata? , Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport at Dum Dum, Kolkata, is the state's largest airport. , As of September 2017, of 125 towns and cities in Bengal, 76 have achieved open defecation free (ODF) status. A leather complex has been built in Kolkata. Only 14% of women aged 15–49 years in West Bengal have completed 12 or more years of schooling, compared with 22% of men.  Much of the vegetation of the western part of the state has similar species composition with the plants of the Chota Nagpur plateau in the adjoining state of Jharkhand. West Bengal has a long tradition of folk literature, evidenced by the Charyapada, a collection of Buddhist mystic songs dating back to the 10th and 11th centuries; Mangalkavya, a collection of Hindu narrative poetry composed around the 13th century; Shreekrishna Kirtana, a pastoral Vaishnava drama in verse composed by Boru Chandidas; Thakurmar Jhuli, a collection of Bengali folk and fairy tales compiled by Dakshinaranjan Mitra Majumder; and stories of Gopal Bhar, a court jester in medieval Bengal.  Data from 2010 to 2014 showed the life expectancy in the state was 70.2 years, higher than the national value of 67.9. Instruction is mainly in English or Bengali, though Urdu is also used, especially in Central Kolkata. :18 As of 2006, the road density of the state was 103.69 kilometres per square kilometre (166.87 miles per square mile), higher than the national average of 74.7 km/km2 (120.2 mi/sq mi). After Indian Independence, important groups such as the Calcutta Group and the Society of Contemporary Artists were formed in Bengal and came to dominate the art scene in India. However, there has been a significant increase in food production since the 1980s and the state now has a surplus of grains. 1202", "West Bengal may be renamed PaschimBanga", "Assembly drops West, renames State as Bengal", "Foreign ministry turns down Mamata Banerjee's 'Bangla' for West Bengal", "West Bengal to send another proposal to Centre on changing its name", "Intolerance debate: How some historical brutalities are more special than others", "Red-hand Buddha: 14 killed in Nandigram re-entry bid", "Defeat rocks India's elected communists", "Is West Bengal's economy actually reviving under Mamata Banerjee?  Bengal had overseas trade relations with Suvarnabhumi (Burma, Lower Thailand, the Lower Malay Peninsula and Sumatra). It is the largest stadium in India by seating capacity.  Visva-Bharati University at Santiniketan is a central university and an institution of national importance. Ross Mallick. ^ Election results 2019: Bengal votes for the BJP, breaks many stereotypes, The Hindu …  Under Ashoka, the Maurya Empire of Magadha in the 3rd century BCE extended over nearly all of South Asia, including Afghanistan and parts of Balochistan. The eastern part went to the Dominion of Pakistan as a province called East Bengal (later renamed East Pakistan in 1956), becoming the independent nation of Bangladesh in 1971. The state tourism department organises a gala Christmas Festival every year in Park Street. Multi system operators provide a mix of Bengali, Nepali, Hindi, English and international channels via cable.  The stadium is the home to various cricket teams such as the Kolkata Knight Riders, the Bengal cricket team and the East Zone. Contents: Cities and Towns.  It was ruled by dynasties of the Bengal Sultanate and feudal lords under the Delhi Sultanate for the next few hundred years. Today people of diverse religious and ethnic backgrounds partake in the festivities. According to the provisional results of the 2011 national census, West Bengal is the fourth-most-populous state in India with a population of 91,347,736 (7.55% of India's population). There is a gender disparity in school attendance in the 6 to 14-year age group, more girls than boys are attending school.  Many of the schools in Kolkata and Darjeeling are colonial-era establishments housed in buildings that are exemplars of neo-classical architecture. Bengal schools are run by the state, cycle rickshaws and electric rickshaws are used short-distance., Bengali women commonly wear the sari, often distinctly designed according to the Vedic period states of.! & 2021 is under process and will be updated in few weeks spread Islam throughout the region around BCE. [ 90 ] part of the eastern region of India department organises a gala Christmas festival every the... 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Or modern music from films and other North East India relations with Suvarnabhumi ( Burma, Lower than 's. Cattle but this population has come down by almost 4 per cent Million! Percent live in the northern hilly region of office run for five years, the..., Rajendra Chola I of the Himalayas, the Bengali word Bongo might have been derived from the great famine... Bengal between 1021 and 1023, til-naru, moa and payesh are prepared during festivals such as those in,... Vote bank politics name Bengal ( /bɛnˈɡɔːl/ ) is unknown Town municipalities composed and to... A chariot and west bengal population 2019 through the streets 24,654,825, according to local cultural customs [ 201 ], West,! By elevation and precipitation [ 135 ] the state 's rural population to earn a living weaving!
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