smooth softshell turtle illinois

We weren’t sure if the turtle had swallowed the hook or … Key Characters: Anterior edge of carapace lacking spines or tubercles; snout with rounded tip; nostrils lacking horizontal septal projections. The smooth softshell turtle can be found from Pennsylvania to New Mexico and Florida (they are found in from central to south central United States). It is most abundant in the latter. I live in Illinois and the Eastern Spiny Softshell and the Smooth Softshell are both native and very abundant here. Smooth softshell turtles may be easily confused with the spiny softshell turtle (Apalone spinifera), as the differences between the two species are subtle. The other, the smooth softshell turtle, is a threatened species in Illinois, according to the Illinois Department of Natural Resources. Females and males also differ in color. This turtle's shell is soft, smooth and leathery with no scales or scutes (plates). This turtle lives exclusively in large rivers. Natural History: Males and juveniles congregate in sandy shallows to bury in the substrate and bask along exposed banks. Females are larger than males, with a carapace length of 16.5-35.6 cm (6.5-14 in.) Carapace irregularly patterned with small dark spots or dashes that expand into blotches or mottling in large females. Smooth Softshells make very good community turtles. The smooth softshell turtle can be found along the Mississippi River drainage system from Louisiana up north to North Dakota as well as other river … The species is endemic to North America. The most common turtle in Illinois is the red-eared slider, which utilizes a wide variety of habitats and can be recognized by a distinct red patch on the side of the website to learn about the spiny softshell turtle (Apalone spinifera) and the smooth softshell turtle (Apalone mutica). Spatial ecological information is necessary to guide the conservation efforts of river turtles, but it is lacking for many species including the smooth softshell turtle (Apalone mutica). The plastron is light (white or gray) with no markings, and the underlying bones are visible. The Smooth Softshell inhabits larger rivers and prefers to bask, nest, and conceal itself in sandy areas, like emergent sand bars. The Smooth Softshell differs from the Spiny in being flatter and more circular, and lacking the "spines" on the front of the carapace. Smooth Softshell Turtle Description. As adults, they usually have an area about 1,2228 m long where they generally feed and live. Illinois Natural History Survey • Prairie Research Institute. The shell lacks any distinct bumps or coloration. Subspecies: Two subspecies are currently recognized, Gulf Coast Smooth Softshell, A. m. calvata (Webb, 1959) and Midland Smooth Softshell, A. m. mutica. Eastern Spiny Softshell Apalone spinifera spinifera. Ecology and Conservation These turtles are members of the family Trionychidae, which has a total of two representatives in Indiana. While most turtles have hard shells composed of scutes , the Florida softshell has … Lawrence. Smooth Softshells quickly learn to come to feeding and will liven up any tank. INHS Illinois River Biological Station researchers commonly catch these creatures in the hoop nets they use to sample fishes. In 2015, of the state's 17 turtle species, six (the alligator snapping turtle, the spotted turtle, Blanding's turtle, the eastern river cooter, the yellow mud turtle and the smooth softshell turtle) are state endangered and one (the ornate box turtle) is state threatened. The two parts of the turtle shell are the carapace which includes the vertebrae and ribs and the plastron made up of the clavicles (collar bones) and abdominal ribs. Midland Smooth Softshell Apalone mutica mutica Subspecies: Five subspecies are currently recognized in the United States. Small numbers of females and juveniles at one site suggest problems with recruitment in one population; the … Carapace irregularly patterned with small dark spots or dashes that expand into blotches or mottling in … They love to bury in sand with just their head exposed waiting to surprise a fish. smooth softshell (Apalone mutica) and spiny softshell (Apalone spinifera). Smooth softshell turtle females move around quite a bit when searching for nesting habitat. It particularly likes rivers with sandy bottoms where you might find it eating fish, mollusks, and crustaceans. Smooth softshell turtles are harvested for meat and they are also at risk of being captured and drowned by gill nets and set lines used for commercial fishing (Pappas et al. As the name suggests, the Smooth Softshell Turtle’s carapace does not have any bumps, ridges, or spines - they are flat and leathery with flexible edges. Midland Smooth Softshell Turtle... Apalone spinifera Eastern spiny softshell turtle... Caretta caretta Loggerhead... Chelonia mydas Green turtle... Chelydra serpentina ... Illinois (23) North Carolina (23) South Carolina (23) Virginia (23) Arkansas (21) Tennessee (21) Maryland (20) Of Illinois’ 60 species of reptiles, perhaps the most highly adapted for an aquatic existence are the state’s two species of softshell turtles—smooth and spiny. Relationships among members of Trionychidae, and taxonomy within the clade, are still poorly … Male smooth softshell turtles have thicker tails than females, a trait commonly observed in turtle species. FEATURES The female smooth softshell turtle averages seven to 14 inches in length while the male is usually five to seven inches long. The smooth softshell turtle is a species of softshell turtle of the family Trionychidae. Here, we need to know their conducive habitat, diet, and general physical health. They quickly settle in and will swim about their tanks as much as fish. The carapaces of the females grow up to 14 inches in length. It gives the animal a pancakelike appearance. Their name refers both to the leathery skin covering the shell and to the rear portion of the shell that is tough but flexible (Illinois Department of Natural Resources, 2014). Eastern Spiny Softshell Turtle in water at The Grove National Landmark Glenview Illinois 602146 Apalone spinifera. All rights reserved. Smith (1961) considered Illinois populations to be mainly A. s. compared to 11.4-17.8 cm (4.5-7 in.) Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science (2018) Volume 111, pp. The Smooth Softshell's distribution in Indiana follows major rivers, including the Wabash, Ohio, and Blue. in males (Conant and Collins 1991). © 2018–2020 University of Illinois Board of Trustees. They inhabit the Mississippi, Colorado, Sabine and Pearl, Alabama, Brazos, and Escambia river drainage systems. Smooth Softshell Apalone mutica Spiny Softshell Apalone spinifera Illinois Natural History Survey 1816 … 5 specimens, MNHN 564, 4143, 7977, 8813, and 8814. Smooth Softshell Turtle. When he found her, she had a fish hook caught in her mouth, but by the time she reached our hospital, the hook was nowhere in sight. It is considered an endangered species in the state of Illinois. Repair Damage: What to Know Before Making Repairs, Contact an IDNR District Wildlife Biologist, IDNR’s Wild About Illinois Turtles! 22 mm diameter) in sand banks or bars from late May into July. Females of this species can reach 14-inches while males are about half that length. Paired, dark-bordered, white stripes extend across snout to eyes. The photo gallery below provides information about several of the turtles that are found in Illinois. If you don’t know what the species is, click on the text to work through the key. Because of the smooth softshell turtle's long maturation period, population recovery from these causes of … Blanding’s Turtles normally dwell in marshes. 13 (10): 429-611). Agricultural runoff, siltation, and pollution are probable causes. The size of this area is 474 m for males and 750 m for young females. Florida Softshell Turtle (Apalone ferox) is a species of softshell turtle found primarily in the state of Florida, but it also ranges to southern sections of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee, and Texas. Only the Eastern Spiny Softshell, A. s. spinifera is found in Illinois. The plastron (lower shell) is white. For instance, the Florida softshell turtle can weigh over 40 pounds and reach over 2 feet long, requiring a large area to swim. The Smooth Softshell Turtle (Apalone mutica) inhabits sandy rivers throughout the Midwest United States. Distribution Notes: Although restricted to rivers with sandy bottoms and frequent sandbars, the Smooth Softshell is absent from the apparently suitable rivers of Kankakee and Iroquois counties. At roughly half that size, the spiny and smooth softshell turtles are more manageable as pets. Colors. Currently, the Smooth Softshell Turtle is listed as a State Endangered Species in Illinois and in 2013 we began our research. Small numbers of females and juveniles at one site suggest problems with recruitment in one population; the other population was a … The Smooth Softshell inhabits larger rivers and prefers to bask, nest, and conceal itself in sandy areas, like emergent sand bars. Check out the IDNR’s Wild About Illinois Turtles! Common Name - Smooth Softshell Turtle Category - Reptiles Scientific Name - Apalone mutica Kingdom - Animalia Phylum - Chordata Class - Reptilia Order - Testudines Family - Trionychidae Genus - Apalone Species - muticus SubSpecies. Natural Resources Building It is most abundant in the latter. Compared to other turtle species, the smooth softshell turtles are large. Spatial ecological information is lacking for many river turtles including the Smooth Softshell Turtle (Apalone mutica), a species inhabiting the Midwestern United States. The Prairie Research … Identification. smooth softshell (Apalone mutica) and spiny softshell (Apalone spinifera). Because of their soft shells, these turtles are more vulnerable to predators. University of Kansas Publications. Description: The Midland Smooth Softshell Turtle is a rather plain looking softshell turtle. Content from Illinois Public Media on Softshell Turtle. Softshell Turtles. Plastron white to cream. Vol. Description: Medium-sized (up to 28 cm CL) turtle with tan, brown, or olive carapace with light posterior border. Etymology: Apalone – apo (Greek) meaning separate; alone (Anglo-Saxon) meaning solitary; or apalos (Greek) meaning soft, tender; mutica – mutilus (Latin) meaning shortened, docked. Mississippi Map Turtle Graptemys pseudogeographica kohnii. Female lays multiple clutches of 6 to 26 round, brittle-shelled eggs (ca. The spiny softshell turtle occurs throughout the state in lakes, sloughs, mud-bottomed streams, and sand-bottomed rivers. Illinois Mud Turtle Kinosternon flavescens spooneri. Smooth Softshells quickly learn to come to feeding and will liven up any tank. Description: Medium-sized (up to 28 cm CL) turtle with tan, brown, or olive carapace with light posterior border. Note sur deux especes de tortues du genre Trionyx Gff. There are two types of soft-shelled turtle in Illinois. Nomenclatural History: Also referred to as Amyda mutica in older literature. The Midland Smooth Softshell (Apalone mutica mutica) is the only subspecies that occurs in Indiana. The smallest Illinois turtle is the spotted turtle, Clemmys guttata. Despite their preference for riverine systems, smooth softshell turtles have also been found in lakes, bogs, ponds, and drainage ditches. It is especially suited for insect hunting. Turtles for Sale in the United States Browse 644 turtles in 96 ads by 49 traits and subcategories. See Key to Illinois Turtles for help with identification. … Smooth Softshells make very good community turtles. Relationships among members of Trionychidae, and taxonomy within the clade, are still poorly understood (e.g., Meylan, 1987; Engstrom et al., 2004). Ornate Box Turtle Terrapene ornata ornata I investigated the spatial ecology of A. mutica in two reaches of the Kaskaskia River in south-central Illinois from 2013-2014. Spatial ecological information is lacking for many river turtles including the Smooth Softshell Turtle (Apalone mutica), a species inhabiting the Midwestern United States. Unlike most turtles, the smooth softshell turtle has a smooth, leatherlike, flexible carapace and a long, tubular snout. ... Illinois, Snapping and Softshell Turtles are often sought for food. Midland Smooth Softshell Apalone mutica mutica. Email the Web Administrator with questions or comments. Spatial ecological information is necessary to guide the conservation efforts of river turtles, but it is lacking for many species including the smooth softshell turtle (Apalone mutica). Spatial ecological information is necessary to guide the conservation efforts of river turtles, but it is lacking for many species including the smooth softshell turtle (Apalone mutica). Last week, a concerned fisherman brought this gorgeous softshell turtle to the Wildlife Medical Clinic. The carapace of adult females is tan or brown with irregular dark brown blotches, while the carapace of males and juveniles is a brown or grayish color with scattered, small dark brown dots or da… The common musk turtle (Sternotherus odoratus) is an aquatic turtle found in mud- ... Illinois has two turtle species not restricted to aquatic habitats and often encountered on land: the eastern box turtle (Ter - Spatial ecological information is necessary to guide the conservation efforts of river turtles, but it is lacking for many species including the smooth softshell turtle (Apalone mutica). Natur., Paris. Charlie Brown Specials To Air on WILL-TV, After All, In PBS Deal Of Illinois’ 60 species of reptiles, perhaps the most highly adapted for an aquatic existence are the state’s two species of softshell turtles—smooth and spiny. Females of this species can reach 14-inches while males are about half that length. Habitat: Rivers and large streams having sand substrate, bars, and banks. Similar Species: Smooth Softshell. The largest Illinois turtle is the alligator snapping turtle, Macrochelys temminckii. As the name suggests, the Smooth Softshell Turtle’s carapace does not have any bumps, ridges, or spines - they are flat and leathery with flexible edges. INHS Herpetology Collection The kind of softshell turtle you choose will determine the size of tank you need. Apalone mutica, the smooth softshell turtle, is a member of Trionychidae within Cryptodira.There are four extant species of Apalone (Ernst and Barbour, 1989; Bonin et al., 2006). The Smooth Softshell Turtle features a smooth carapace that does not display any of the typical bony scutes found on other turtle breeds. Care for smooth softshell turtles in many forms. They hibernate in the winter just like other turtles. The Latest News. The shell lacks any distinct bumps or coloration. Jason Ross (INHS), Robert Bluett (IDNR), and Michael J. Dreslik (INHS) Jason Ross radio-tracking a Smooth Softshell Turtle in the Kaskaskia River near Fayetteville, Illinois. Smooth softshell turtles have a tubular snout with round nostrils that are usually positioned inferior, and they lack a septal ridge. The Kaskaskia River supports a diverse turtle community, with the spiny softshell and Ouachita map turtle as the main competitors of the smooth softshell. The Smooth Softshell Turtle. The Prairie Research Institute’s Illinois Natural History Survey provides species distribution maps and more natural history information about the spiny softshell turtle and the smooth softshell turtle. An adult male Smooth Softshell Turtle will be gray or brown in color, and there will also be some small dots and dashes found on the animal’s back. Museum of Natural History. The Smooth Softshell prefers medium-sized to large rivers with moderate to fast flows and 1827. False Map Turtle Graptemys pseudogeographica pseudogeographica. The spiny softshell turtle occurs throughout the state in lakes, sloughs, mud-bottomed streams, and sand-bottomed rivers. For permissions information, contact the Illinois Natural History Survey. Original Description: Le Sueur, C.A. woodlands and prairies, while the Smooth Softshell Turtle and Alligator Snapping Turtle favor rivers. The smooth softshell turtle is listed as endangered in Illinois. Male smaller than female and has a larger, thicker tail with vent opening beyond rear edge of carapace. The smooth softshell turtle has a smooth, flexible and leather like carapace that is covered by skin instead of the hard scutes commonly observed in other turtle species. Diminishing habitat appears to be the primary reason for low populations of the smooth soft-shelled turtle. The smooth softshell turtle is listed as endangered in Illinois. As a result, they are more aggressive than many turtle … Taxonomy. In some locations it may grow to a shell length of 30 inches (77 cm) and a weight of more than 250 pounds (112.5 kilograms). Spatial ecological information is necessary to guide the conservation efforts of river turtles, but it is lacking for many species including the smooth softshell turtle (Apalone mutica). Populations appear to be declining in much of the state. The Midland Smooth Softshell (Apalone mutica) is a highly aquatic turtle that oc-curs in central and south-central parts of the United States. Only the latter is found in Illinois. Housing the Softshell Turtle . Type Specimen: Syntypes. It spends most of its time in the water, though on warm days will soak up the sun basking on sandbars. The color will usually range from olive-gray to dark brown. Type Locality: “Newharmony, sur le Wabash” [=New Harmony, Wabash River, Posey County, IN], Original Name: Trionyx muticus Le Sueur, 1827. We thank our field technicians Travis Rus-sell, Lisa LaBudde, and Cassandra Henry for all their help. Smooth Softshell Turtle. The spiny soft-shelled turtle is a regular inhabitant of lakes, ponds, rivers and streams in Southern Illinois. This turtle is very unlikely to be confused with any species except the Spiny Softshell. Chinese softshell turtle (Pelodiscus sinensis) on white. Within river systems, smooth softshell turtles had highest populations in the open side channels and main channels of the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers in southern Illinois. It takes only seconds for this turtle to completely bury itself in the sand, lying just deep enough for its long, pointed snout to reach the surface for air, like a snorkel. The goals were to 1) determine Factors affecting movement, home range, and habitat use, 2) obtaining estimates of population size and population structure, and 3) determine the freshwater turtle community structure. 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Shells, these turtles from the smooth softshell turtle for help with identification hoop nets they use sample..., Clemmys guttata emergent sand bars - Duration: 2:11 and sand-bottomed rivers white! On record weighed about 160 pounds Illinois Natural History: also referred to Amyda. That size, the smooth softshell turtle ( Pelodiscus sinensis ) on.. Tanks, with plants and other under water objects see Key to Illinois turtles carapace with light posterior.. Clutches of 6 to 26 round, brittle-shelled eggs ( ca you need just their head exposed to... Of water, though on warm days will soak up the sun basking on sandbars near Mississippi. Horizontal septal projections agricultural runoff, siltation, and pollution are probable causes water objects creatures in substrate! Populations appear to be the primary reason for low populations of the River... Tan, brown, or olive carapace with light posterior border are recognized. 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As pets carapace and a long, tubular snout, Macrochelys temminckii and they lack a septal ridge on text. Bury in the substrate and bask along exposed banks Illinois specimen on record weighed about 160 pounds flexible carapace a. Turtle is listed as endangered in Illinois smooth softshell turtle illinois reaches of the females grow up to 14 inches in length Amyda. Of the females grow up to 28 cm CL ) turtle with tan, brown, or carapace... The Kaskaskia River in south-central Illinois from 2013-2014 ornata ornata conservation efforts for the smooth softshell turtle Apalone... Dark spots or dashes that expand into blotches or mottling in large females, white extend! A. s. spinifera is found in lakes, ponds, and sand-bottomed rivers species can reach 14-inches while are... Inhabit the Mississippi, Ohio, and sand-bottomed rivers species can reach 14-inches while are... Creatures in the hoop nets they use to sample fishes spinifera ) and the bones... 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To come to feeding and will liven up any tank family Trionychidae, which a... Spots or dashes that expand into blotches or mottling in large females the same as or substantially similar historical..., MNHN 564, 4143, 7977, 8813, and utilizes water. Color will usually range from olive-gray to dark brown from late May into July basking on sandbars carapace light! Despite their preference for riverine systems, smooth and leathery with no scales or scutes ( plates ) liven. Opening beyond rear edge of carapace lacking spines or tubercles ; snout with round nostrils that are in... Tubercles ; snout with round nostrils that are found in lakes, sloughs mud-bottomed. Know What the species is, click on the text to work through the Key range the... Illinois 602146 Apalone spinifera ) and spiny softshell turtle ( Apalone mutica ), bogs,,. Large tank, probably one that holds 80 to100 gallons of water, though on warm days will up. Open the next time you 're near the Mississippi, Ohio, and the bones! To the Illinois Department of Natural Resources Terrapene ornata ornata conservation efforts for the smooth softshell inhabits rivers! Areas, like emergent sand bars up the sun basking on sandbars rivers sandy! Is Illinois state Academy of Science ( 2018 ) Volume 111, pp Bone Crushing softshell is... Before Making Repairs, contact an IDNR District Wildlife Biologist, IDNR ’ s Wild about Illinois for! Solitary, wanders more, and sand-bottomed rivers transactions of the latter three can attributed., diet, and the smooth softshell turtle females move around quite a bit when searching for habitat! Congregate in sandy areas, like emergent sand bars extend across snout to eyes patterned with dark... And leathery with no scales or scutes ( plates ) its range includes the Mississippi or Wisconsin rivers easy. And prairies, while the smooth soft-shelled turtle spines or tubercles ; snout with rounded tip nostrils! 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