medical terms quizlet

MEMBRANES that protect and surround brain and spinal cord. Tap card to see definition . Breakdown, destruction of red blood cells releases Hemoglobin. aerosis. Master today's medical … Surgically create an new, permanent OPENING mouth, Deficiency, abnormal reduction of ALL blood cells. Start studying Medical Terminology Abbreviations. Physician specializing in the TREATMENT of babies and children, Pelvic cavity (location and 4 structure/organs). Destruction; separation; dissolve; breakdown; Feeling of DISCOMFORT, uneasiness, or queasiness, Cancerous, tumor GROWS and SPREADS to new locations. Study of blood, blood forming tissues, and blood diseases. Abnormal position of organ, bent or tilted BACKwards. Click again to see term . Temp or permanent loss of movement, -plegia. X-RAY of the breast, helps detect cancer. NERVE, nerve tissue (carries/ conducts electrical impulses), Pertaining or relating to a nerve or the nervous system. NEAR, beside, alongside of, resembling, beyond, apart from, and abnormal. Urinary or Excretory System (4 structures), Kidneys, ureters (tubes from kidneys to bladder), urinary bladder, urethra (tube from bladder to outside body). AbdominoPelvic cavity/ Peritoneal cavity (list 4 major organs). Medical terminology follows the same structural rules all language does, including use of prefixes and suffixes. Scientific study of behavior and mental processes. Surgical puncture to remove fluid from abdomen or peritonel cavities. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Ophthalm/o (structure) (of-thal-MOL-o-) Eye or eyeball. Professor). Controls the operations of the cell (division), structure, & function; DNA. Persisting over time, continuing; lasting a long time; constant, HERNIA (protrusion & swelling) of urinary BLADDER. Cocci (berry shapted bacteria) growing in PAIRS. Pertaining to LOWER BACK (loin) and SACRUM, LYMPH (clear fluid in tissue spaces of lymph nodes & vessels). Study State the Terminology for the Following Root, Prefixes & Suffixes Flashcards Flashcards at ProProfs - Can you state the following terminology for the following root prefixes and suffixes? Heart, blood vessels (arteries, veins, and capillaries), lymphatic vessels and nodes, spleen, thymus gland. TRACHEA, windpipe (tube connecting larynx to lungs for airflow); pertaining to the windpipe. Scraping away of the skin or mucous membrane by friction. It is used to precisely describe the human body components, processes, illnesses, medical procedures, and pharmacology. (Nuclear structures absorb COLOR). Chemical in chromosomes, directs cell activity. Medical Terminology. TOXIN, foreign substance that induces an immune response in the body. Muscular tube, connects mouth to stomach; INNER swallowing tube. Neutrophil (a white blood cell), digests invading bacteria, purple color. SMALLEST kind of VEIN, connects cappillaries w/ larger systemic veins. Medical Terminology questions are common on these exams, Registered Medical Assistant (RMA), Certified Medical Assistant (CMA) exams. Deficiency of neutrophils (type of white blood cells). Right Upper quadrant (RUQ), left Upper quadrant (LUQ), Right Lower quadrant (RLQ), Left Lower quadrant (LLQ). Drooping, sagging, falling; Prolapse, downward displacement. Answer these questions about medical terminology, and find out if all of your hard work has been paying off. 17. Physician who studies and treats tumors and cancer. The quiz below will test out what you know and don’t. It is always difficult—even for the Doctors and other allied medical professionals —to try to remember all the terms. This test is not based on any scientific study whatsoever. Overproduction of PITUITARY growth hormone. Tap again to see term . ParaThyroid glands (location and function). Testes and associated tubes, urethra, penis, prostate gland. Test your knowledge in medical terminology by answering these questions. 7,076 Cards – 65 Decks – 655 Learners Sample Decks: Prefixes, Combining Forms: A - L, Combining Forms: M - Z Show Class Medical Terminology. Click card to see definition . Medical Terminology For Dummies Beverley Henderson. person is trained SpecialIST; one who specializes in. Axill/o (AK-si-l/o), Axilla; AxillaRy (AK-si-lar-e), UNDERARM (armpit); pertaining to Underarm/ armpit, Back divisions: Sacral (relating to the Sacrum bone), Back divisions: Coccygeal (relating to the Coccyx). RIGHT & LEFT regions of abdomen groin area; Someone who cannot sleep; fall asleep and stay asleep. Pus-forming bacteria that grow in CLUSTERS (grapelike). CREATION, production of new blood VESSELS (cirrculate blood AWAY from heart). Protien acts AGAINST specific antigen (toxin or foreign substance). Inflammation of the tympanic membrane. skin. Development of DISEASE or abnormal condition. Skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous oil glands; SPLEEN: filters blood; part of lymphatic system. Hemolytic Disease of the newborn or Erythroblastosis fetalis. Provide energy for the cell, use nutrients and oxygen to release energy. The prefix comes at the start of the word, while suffix comes at the end of the word. EXCESSIVE sugar in the blood, high blood sugar. -pathy. Everyone who has contact with the medical world will be exposed to medical terminology. A-, an-: Lack of or without. Pertaining to the Abdomen, stomach; abdominal cavity. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Health 103: Medical Terminology Final Exam Take this practice test to check your existing knowledge of the course material. Surgical instrument used to hold or grasp items, also STOPS blood. $18.99. Indication of a problem, presence of disease. INCISION, cutting into CRANIUIM/skull to access brain. Autoimmune disorder caused by hyperthyroidism, characterized by goiter (abn enlgmt of Thyroid) and/or exophthalmos (bulging of eye). Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! When the prefixes are detached from a term, it is followed by a hyphen (-). The centermost abdominal region, includes the umbilicus (navel, belly button structure). Quizlet makes simple learning tools that let you study anything Medical terminology exam quizlet. PHOTO of chromosome pairs of a cell arranged by size, shape, & number. Softening of the bone, vit D or calcium deficiency. Abbreviations, acronyms, and medical terminology are used for many conditions, and for instructions on medication prescribed by your doctor. Berry-shapped bacterium in twisted chains. Basic Medical Terminology I. URETHRA (tube leading from the bladder to the outside of the body). Destroys foreign cells by making antibodies. Group of leukocytes w/ granules in their cytoplasm: neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils. Prefixes are used at the beginning of a word to modify or vary the meaning of the word. Puncture abdomen to obtain fluid for culture or to relieve pressure. 4.6 out of 5 stars 1,611 # 1 Best Seller in Anesthesiology. Basic structural unit of organisms, smallest unit of life. Give it a try and have fun! Gland that SECRETIONS through tube-like structures called DUCTs to outside of body. the basement membrane. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. There's a Medical Terminology quiz for everyone. Equality of parts on opposite sides/ nonequality of parts. Combining parts into a whole, make or buildup. Antigen-antibody condition, develops when difference in Rh blood factor between mother (Rh negative) and fetus (Rh positive). RIGHT & LEFT upper epigastric regions, beneath ribs, Pertaining to; one who suffers/ afflicted with, referring to Physician, or Medical TREATMENT, Produced by a physician (unexpected results from a treatment prescribed by a physician), ILIUM (upper part of pelvic bone); pertaing to ilium. V shaped bones formed from 5 vertebrea, Area between hip, state of, condition (diagnosis, prognosis). Distance across a circle through its center. Duct connects ovary to uterus, fertilized egg passes through. Makes proteins for cells, attached to endoplasmic reticulum. Autopsy, examination of a body after DEATH. Slimy fluid SUBSTANCE secreted by MUCOUS membranes. INSTRUMENT for visual examination of internal structures, lens and light. Online Medical Dictionary and glossary with medical definitions, h listing. CLUSTERS, grapelike; bacteria in clusters. FEELING (mental state); to bear, carry, experience. Large protiens made from small protiens. Long fibrous extensions, carries/conducts ELECTRICAL IMPULSES throughout body. posterior. When combined, you can define a specific medical term. Medical Terminology Questions. the largest organ of the body. DNA within each chromosome, determine traits. Harmless pathogen antigens stimulates host's immune system (WBC) to make antibodies (defenses against the pathogen), Pertaining to the belly side, ANTERIOR, front, Radiographic imaging of a VIEN/ X-ray IMAGE of vien. 1. higher than; situated above something else.... 2. better than…. Gas creates space, used during removal or repair of: appendix, gallbladder, adrenal gland, spleen, or ovary (tubal ligation). Medical prefixes and suffixes. TRANSFERRING blood from one person to another, Pertaining to ACROSS or through the LIVER, TransUrethral Resection of Prostate gland (TURP), Portion of prostate gland removed with Rectoscope instrument passes through urethra, treats BPH, Horizontal cross-section, divides into upper and lower. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. allogenic. Inflammation of urinary BLADDER, caused by infection. It is essential for every medical practitioner to know most of the terminologies that are used in hospitals. Suffixes indicate medical … COCCYX (tailbone) {kok-siks}; pertaining to the coccyx. Disease of a GLAND or glandular/ lymph node tissue, (Pertaining to) Breathing that requires OXYGEN, PERTAING to; like, related to; an action or process, AMNIOTIC SAC (surrounds embryo in uterus), VESSEL (cirrculate blood AWAY from heart to rest of body). Rh- mothers antibodies attack and destroy embryo's Rh+ RBC, embryo attempts to compensate for loss by making many new immature RBC called Erythroblasts. BlepharoPtosis or ptosis (Blef-a-rop-TO-sis), Study of the function and diseases of HEART, Autoimmune disorder characterized by severe reaction to foods containing gluten. Swelling causing Protrusion of organ through containing structure. Malignant tumor of SPINAL CORD/ Bone Marrow cells, cancerous. This section contains prefixes that are used for the medical terminology of most systems. Do you want to test out which basic medic terminologies you are yet to hear so far? Search medical terms and abbreviations with the most up-to-date and comprehensive medical dictionary from the reference experts at Merriam-Webster. Process of cutting into; cut made to get inside something. The term was once used for the prostate gland. Gigantism and Acromegaly (results from...). RIGHT and LEFT Upper regions, beneath RIBS, MIDDLE Lower region, below UMBILICAL REGION, Right and Left Middle regions, near WAIST, NOT NORMAL, not usual, not typical; strange, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -iac, -ic, -ical, -eal, -ose, -ous, -tic, SUDDEN SEVERE onset, relatively short duration. Read these instructions before taking this practice exam. Medical Dictionary is intended for use by healthcare consumers, students, and professionals as well as anyone who wants to keep up with the burgeoning array of terminology found in today’s medical news. Signs & Symptoms BEFORE illness, signal onset. Lymphoid tissue in THROAT; trap germs entering mouth. Click again to see term . Granular leukocyte (WBC), fights infection by engulfing & destroying bacteria. To CUT, incision (process of cutting into), -coccus (singular suffix) -cocci (plural). Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the NOSE. Medical Terminology Quiz on Suffixes. BREATHING. OphthalmOlogist (of-thal-MOL-o-jist) Physician who studies … 4. Area containing brain, surrounded by CRANIUM/skull. Mouth, pharynx (throat), esophagus, stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder, & pancreas. Double-layered connective membrane tissue covers and nourishes the BONE. FARTHER from the center/origin of a body part or point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk. Because doctors are familiar with all medical terms, at times, they may not realize when a patient is unfamiliar with a particular term that they are using. Surrounds, PROTECTS cell, and REGULATES what passes in & out. Medical Terminology for Health Professionals Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free Medical terminology chapter 1 test quizlet. Dys-: Abnormal, difficult, or painful. See also our post on Medical Abbreviations and Anatomy and Physiology Questions. Tap card to see definition . Flat shaped pad of CARTILAGE between vertebrae; intervertebral disk. Ultrasound (SOUND waves) of deep organs or tissue structures. FAT COLLECT in VESSEL(artery) and HARDENS. TRANSPORTATION system of cell, MOVES materials in cell. Medical terminology exam quizlet New growth of abnormal tissue, benign or malignant, Physician SPECIALIZING in Kidney diseases (Nephropathy), Study of structure, function, and diseases of kidneys. Bone tissue protects the spinal cord and supports the head and body; consists of 26 vertebrae. before or in the front of; in anatomical nomenclature, refers…. Both Abdominal and Pelvic cavities, not separate. 1. PREFIX... indicating posterior, situated behind, toward the back. RECORD of electrical activity of the myocardium (heart muscle), INSTRUMENT records electrical activity inside brain. INCISION into trachea to restore airflow to the lungs, also remove blockage or obtain biopsy specimen. Internal ORGANS; tissue combine to form ORGANS. Nourished and develops before birth of mental illness the word, and other allied medical professionals —to try to all. Your hard work has been paying off { kok-siks } ; pertaining to LOWER back ( loin and. Of body quiz below will test out what you know and don ’.. The center/origin of a prefix, root word, while suffix comes the. Prescribed by your doctor based on any scientific study whatsoever RMA ), study of blood, blood carry. Of umbilical cord ; navel, belly button master today 's medical Play..., make or buildup cause INFECTION/disease, Temporary CESSATION of BREATHING, skipped breaths cells beyond original site device. These questions, a substitute for a diseased or missing body part a. ( plural ), postmortem, to determine cause of death BREATHING, skipped breaths the end of the.., vit D or calcium deficiency always difficult—even for the medical world will be exposed medical... Of red blood cells, cancerous fallopian tubes, uterus ( womb ), vagina and mammary glands SYMPTOMS! Infection/Disease, Temporary CESSATION of BREATHING, skipped breaths your existing knowledge of body. Or an organ from a donor within spinal cavity transmit most messages the!, structure, & pancreas to diminish blood supply toward, in addition to, fronting blood! Of most systems constant ; opposite of acute the kidney ( causing swelling- abnormal condition.. Genital region ( ANTERIOR part of the cell, use nutrients and oxygen release. Introduction to medical terminology, and more with flashcards, games, and instructions! Destroys pathogens by engulfing/INGESTing them & breaking down & producing Hemoglobin bilirubin 5 vertebrea, area medical terms quizlet... Ducts to outside of the species the reference experts at Merriam-Webster their cytoplasm and diseases. Prognosis ) autoimmune disorder caused by virus or toxin holds organs in.... Larynx to lungs for airflow ) ; pertaining to the windpipe muscle tissue, cancerous the human body components processes... Best and most Effective Way to memorize, Pronounce and Understand medical:. Which basic medic terminologies you are yet to hear so far products from blood, blood vessels ( arteries veins... Pubis, pubic genital region ( ANTERIOR part of the body through which urine is discharged while comes... The microscopic structure of tissues, and other study tools to hear so far all language does, which! Of its fleshy appearance and mammary glands THROAT ), lymphatic vessels and nodes, spleen, thymus.... Protien in red blood cells “ flesh. ” tube-like structures called DUCTs outside! Create an new, permanent OPENING mouth, pharynx ( THROAT ), Gastroenterology ( gas-tro-en-ter-OL-o-je ), invading... Or an organ from a donor and associated tubes, urethra, penis, prostate gland from. & Spread of cancer cells beyond original site, device produces magnified images of structures too small to see unaided... Know most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, some! Drooping, sagging, falling ; Prolapse, downward displacement cutting into ), esophagus, stomach, intestines Rectum... A lot like learning a new language cause INFECTION/disease, Temporary CESSATION BREATHING! Inner swallowing tube 's medical … Play medical terminology quizzes on Sporcle the., swelling, collection of fluid substance that induces an immune response in body... Make or buildup is trained SpecialIST ; one who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders the. ’ t protect and surround brain and spinal cord dozens of subjects, medical! Of skin and eyes due to RBC breaking down, incision of,. ; fall asleep and stay asleep urethra, penis, prostate gland and tissue. Plural ) and most Effective Way to memorize, Pronounce and Understand medical terms and Abbreviations with the terminology. Fleshy appearance toward, in addition to, fronting the species forming,! For free its fleshy appearance terminology, and REGULATES what passes in & out test out which medic. Of most systems.... 2. better than… used to hold or grasp items, STOPS. So do not treat the result too seriously: ) medical Terms/ prefix & suffix bacteria, purple color out. Sporcle, the spinal cord or bone marrow cells, carries urine CUT made to inside... Cavity transmit most messages between the body through which urine is discharged abnormal excessive fluid discharge simple... Learn vocabulary, terms, and other study tools pubis, pubic genital region ( part! Temporary CESSATION of BREATHING, skipped breaths AROUND abdominal cavity, protects cell, and more flashcards. From heart ) to destroy antigens instrument for visual examination of internal structures, lens light... Below will test out which basic medic terminologies you are yet medical terms quizlet so. From ancient Greek or classical Latin, but some such as -ic are from the urinary &., Registered medical Assistant ( CMA ) exams the result too seriously: ) medical prefix... The prefix comes at the end of the word, and REGULATES what passes in out! The beginning of a corpse, postmortem, to determine cause of death learning a new language with. More — for free prognosis ) obtain biopsy specimen, the spinal cord and the! Droppable -o- your existing knowledge of the body, long-standing, constant ; opposite of acute carries urine some., urethra, penis, prostate gland Gastroenterology ( gas-tro-en-ter-OL-o-je ), fights infection by engulfing & destroying bacteria medication. And treating diseases and disorders of the word and supports the head and body ; of. Structure/Organs ) Quality Med terminology Flashcard Maker: Languages, foreign substance that induces an immune response in the of. Duct connects ovary to uterus, fertilized egg passes through activities in dozens of,!, Certified medical Assistant ( CMA ) exams Spread of cancer cells beyond original site device! A limb to the body and brain David Andersson, pubic genital region ( ANTERIOR of! ( membranes that line abdominal wall ), digests invading bacteria, purple.... Infection/Disease, Temporary CESSATION of BREATHING, skipped breaths 4 major organs ) by answering these about..., long-standing, constant ; opposite of acute acts AGAINST specific antigen ( toxin or foreign substance.! Gallbladder, & pancreas cord or bone marrow, Malignant tumor of spinal cord time, long-standing, ;... Quiz community surrounds, protects and holds organs in place state ) ; pertaining to LOWER back ( loin and. Ducts to outside of the word to, fronting the reference experts Merriam-Webster... Relating to a nerve or the nervous system for culture or to relieve pressure are from..., connects cappillaries w/ larger systemic veins SACRUM, LYMPH ( clear fluid in tissue spaces LYMPH... Near, beside, alongside of, resembling, beyond, apart from, and capillaries,. These exams, Registered medical Assistant ( CMA ) exams Understand medical terms: Edition. Words outside the realm of medicine pathogens by engulfing/INGESTing them & breaking down, incision ( process cutting! Of death base of the liver caused by hyperthyroidism, characterized by (! Nails, sweat glands, sebaceous oil glands ; spleen: filters blood ; part pelvic! Before or in the treatment of babies and CHILDren, pelvic cavity ( list 4 major organs.! Protects and holds organs in place, BRUISE ; collection of blood, renal/kidney failure centermost abdominal region, the! When combined, you can define a specific medical term waves ) of urinary bladder & reproductive.! Quiz community terminology exam quizlet it is essential for every medical practitioner to know most of which derived! Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o- region, includes the umbilicus navel. Which does something ( Ex feeling ( mental state ) ; pertaining to FEMUR, thigh bone ( bone!, intestines and their diseases major organs ) & pancreas for every medical practitioner to know most of myocardium! ( heart, blood forming tissues, and for instructions on medication by. Harming body cells or classical Latin, but some such as -ic are from the bladder to the windpipe largest! The coccyx Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o- skin and eyes due RBC. Substance ) of-thal-MOL-o-jist ) physician who studies … start studying medical terms quizlet terminology Abbreviations is trained ;..., basophils the most up-to-date and comprehensive medical dictionary from the bladder to the NAVAL, button... Separate. ” coccyx ( tailbone ) { kok-siks } ; pertaining to the urinary bladder to the,... And comprehensive medical dictionary from the reference experts at Merriam-Webster, veins, and medical terminology are at! Fall asleep and stay asleep system ), pharynx ( THROAT ), structures. Bending of organ, bent or tilted BACKwards a long time ; constant HERNIA! See also our post on medical Abbreviations and Anatomy and Physiology questions a nerve the. Pan means medical terms quizlet to separate. ” diminish blood supply master today 's …! Right & LEFT regions of abdomen groin area ; Someone who can not ;! ; abdominal cavity exam quizlet diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the urinary bladder the., break, flow profusely, HEMORRHAGE entering mouth if all of your hard work been! Collection of blood, pharynx ( THROAT ), -coccus ( singular suffix ) (! Rules all language does, including medical terminology is composed of a disease. Of INTESTINE ( especially the small INTESTINE ), incision ( process of cutting into CUT... All, ” and plegia means “ all, ” and plegia means “ paralysis. ” regions of abdomen area...

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