inclusive education policy in ghana

The purpose of this study was to examine teachers` attitudes in implementing Inclusive Education in primary and junior high secondary schools in two districts in Ghana (Bole and New Juaben). Policy implementation is assumed by its numerous agencies; the Ghana Education Service (GES) is responsible for the coordination of national education policy on pre-tertiary education. Key policy drivers and priority interventions The key focal areas of education development in Ghana are contained in the Education Strategic Plan 2010–2020. The Strategic The problems of Inclusive education in Ghana have been noted to be around teacher attitudes and skills, resources and a gulf between policy initiation and implementation. This involves qualified personnel (administrators), community involvement and support, and a political will from the government. Ghana’s policy works well in a low-income context because it sensitizes parents, communities, and staff; trains teachers in early detection techniques; and sets up support services. 2.5.3 Resource utilization 36 . A Policy that stipulate that inclusive education for all children has already received approval from Mr Jacob Kor, the Director-General of the Ghana Education Service waiting for final approval from the Minister Professor Jane Naana Opoku Agyemang. The authors argue that there is the need for a holistic review of the program to ground the policy within the education system of Ghana. INCLUSIVE EDUCATION POLICY MINISTRY OF EDUCATION. 2.5.6 Teachers’ attitudes towards inclusion 38 . 43 In Ghana the implementation of inclusion is well recognized and policies 44 enacted however, there are inconsistencies with regards to practices, teachers ‘varying attitudes to include children45 with learning problems as well as skewed Ghana has successfully launched a national inclusive education policy framework to address the educational challenges encountered by children with special needs. the inclusion of children with disabilities in the mainstream school system. «Inclusive Education is not a tragedy. This is the only way that stereotypes and ill-informed misconceptions about disabilities can be Inclusive Education: Public Policies - FCUBE - Free Compulsory Universal Basic Education. There are two main types of education practiced in Ghana, formal education and informal education. 2.8 The Inclusive Education policy 41 . Gender equality and social inclusion are, therefore, at the heart of the STAR Ghana Foundation. involved in the training of teachers for the inclusive education pilot Ghana’s special and inclusive education system is limited project. As part of efforts to address challenges facing children with disabilities, the SPED of GES initiated the development of the Inclusive Education Policy and Minimum Standards and Guidelines. The brief is to support STAR-Ghana to address GP GESI constraints and serve as reference material for GPs and other stakeholders seeking to strengthen their GESI engagement through targeted advocacy. InclusIve educatIon PolIcy ImPlementatIon Plan2015 - 2019 Policy Objective 1: Improve and adapt education and related systems and structures to ensure the inclusion of all learners particularly learners with special educational needs STRATEGY ACTIONS/ ACTIVITIES INDICATORS EST. The Special Mothers Project, an advocacy and awareness creation programme on cerebral palsy has partnered with Afri-Educational plus, an education oriented organization in the United States to support Ghana’s Inclusive Education policy Another initiative taken by the Government of Ghana was to pass a disability law (Act 715), which made provisions for inclusive education (Republic of Ghana, 2006). anthony.boateng@mail.com, Media – UNICEF Ghana, 2014: http://www.unicef.org/ghana/media_8503.html Inclusive Education Policy In 2015, the Government of Ghana completed the development of an IE Policy together with the Inclusive Education Monitoring Tool (IEMT), Implementation Plan and the Standards/Guidelines. All institutions have to include Inclusive Education issues in their planning documents, which are reviewed annually. Volume 1 of Ghana’s Education Strategic Plan 2010 – 2020 covers policies, strategies, delivery and finance. This includes the use of different methods of respond to children’s needs, capacities and rates of development. Ms Agnes ARTHUR, UNICEF Ghana jeleel@inclusion-ghana.org The policy further recognizes the varied learning needs of learners and requires all stakeholders to address the diverse needs of different groups of citizens in the Ghanaian education system. The forum was held under the theme: “The Implementation of Ghana’s Inclusive Education Policy: What is the progress so far”. Inclusive education is a process of increasing the participation of all students in schools including those with disabilities. POLITICS OF PUBLIC POLICY IMPLEMENTATION IN GHANA: A CASE STUDY OF THE GHANA EDUCATION TRUST FUND (GETFUND) BY. Inclusive Education Policy and Practice in Ghana In Search of an Inclusive Pedagogy in South Africa Special and Inclusive Education Policy and Practice in Kenya, 1963 to 2016 2.5.5 The role of stakeholders 37 . Ghana’s Inclusive Education (IE) Policy transcends the idea of physical location and incorporates basic values that promote participation, friendship, and interaction. Monitoring and evaluation is undertaken at all levels: All annually reviewed planning documents of educational institutions have to include Inclusive Education issues, including an Education Management Information System. This policy is the outcome of a series of discussions and consultations between numerous stakeholders in the education sector. This is to make sure that all children of school going age have Basic Education. The Policy is a national document which is clear cut and comprehensive to give guidance to Inclusive Education implementation in Ghana. of the world 49 . To adapt the existing education system, special schools are transformed to serve as resource centres, school infrastructure is improved, and funding is provided. Removing barriers to participation in learning for all learners is at the core of inclusive education systems (UNESCO, 2005). in Comparative and International Education Institute of Educational … This policy builds upon sections in the 1992 Constitution, the National Development Agenda, the Education Strategic Plan and International Commitments to achieve national as well as international goals for creating an environment for addressing the diverse educational needs of Ghanaians. Inclusive Education - Standards and Guidelines Putting Inclusive Education into practice in Ghana UNICEF/UN578611/QUARMYNE. Inclusive Education rolled out throughout Ghana (barrier-free DOC) Volume 1 of Ghana’s Education Strategic Plan 2010 – 2020 covers policies, strategies, delivery and finance. The Policy and its Development Process •Ghana’s IE Policy is a framework that contains a more harmonized and strategic approach to planning, implementing and monitoring IE activities on a wider scale to reach all learners with SEN in the country. Tracking of success As part of efforts to address challenges facing children with disabilities, the SPED of GES initiated the development of the Inclusive Education Policy and Minimum Standards and Guidelines. Inclusive Education Policy and Practice in Ghana. of formal education across the country, including access to free schooling, the inclusion of technical and vocational education, and improved teacher training. Before the arrival of European settlers, who introduced a formal education system addressed to the elites, education in Ghana was mainly informal and based on apprenticeship.Pre-Independent Ghana was known as the Gold Coast. Key amongst other policies developed under the custodianship of the Ministry of Education/GES, which complements and creates enabling environment for effective education service delivery is the Inclusive Education Policy Framework, which provides opportunities for learners to access quality education. Inclusive Education policy (White Paper 6) 35 . From these discussions there emerged a new concept of integration called inclusive education or inclusive schools. This Policy Brief on Gender and Education was commissioned by STAR Ghana for their Gender and Social Inclusion (GESI) programming. Removing barriers to participation in learning for all learners is at the core of inclusive education systems (UNESCO, 2005). Policy implementation Although the influence of international organizations and policies was not obvious in Ghana's special education before the Salamanca Statement of 1994 (UNESCO, 1994), the same cannot be said about the country's special education policies after the Salamanca call to give priority to inclusive education. The education ... (ii) Sub-theme 2. Inclusive Education in Ghana An Analysis of Policies and the Practices in One Mainstream School and One Inclusive School in the Greater Accra Region Ida Marie Brandt Pekeberg Master thesis M.Phil. inclusive society is dependent on how well social services are planned, prepared and supported. Despite the development of It presents the essential features of inclusive education systems and recognis es the need to take action to make inclusive education a reality for all learners. inclusive education is an approach that looks into how to transform education systems and other learning environments in order to respond to the diversity of learners. Ghana’s Inclusive Education Policy provides a more harmonized and strategic approach to planning and financial prioritization in order to roll-out Inclusive Education activities on a wider scale and reach all learners with special educational needs. A learner with autism supported by a caregiver, participating in mainstream school. Our perspective on gender equality is focused on ensuring that women and men, boys and girls are empowered to pursue their human rights and fundamental freedoms, and are valued as equal and active participants in the wellbeing of their households, workplaces, communities and societies. [89] The success of inclusive education depends largely on a country's commitment to adopting appropriate legislation, developing policies, and providing adequate funding for implementation. Ghana has successfully launched a national inclusive education (IE) policy framework to address the educational challenges encountered by children with special needs. The responsibilities of ministries are clearly defined and the government is the principal funder. Inclusive Education has been or is being adopted by most members of the United Nations. COST (GH¢) TIME FRAME AGENCY RESPONSIBLE COLLABORATING INSTITUTIONS The involvement of non-state actors such as the UNICEF, STAR-Ghana, Inclusion Ghana, Ghana Blind Union, the Ghana Federation of Disability Organisations, the Ghana National Education Campaign Coalition, and the World Education have been crucial to the development of the policy and they acknowledged and appreciated. The implementation plan provides for the expected deliverables, including indicators, budget, timeframe, actors, and collaborating ministries or agencies. This policy is focused on the informal educational sector which … The policy will be reviewed every five years. Ensuring that #LearningNeverStops in the COVID-19 pandemic, Changing the future for girls in Krachie East through STEM, 400,000 children in Ghana not enrolled in pre-primary education - UNICEF, Improving the lives of children with special needs, THE CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD. Conclusion: To promote inclusive education in Zambia, it is vital that students with and without disabilities have on-going chances to interact with, and learn from, each other. Studies have revealed that teachers` attitudes toward students with disabilities are different, and these various differences/reasons are dependent on schools` practices of inclusion. The involvement of non-state actors was key to the policy’s adoption, along with an accompanying implementation plan. To promote a learner-friendly school environment, curricula and teacher training are reviewed and resources are provided. The forum was held under the theme: “The Implementation of Ghana’s Inclusive Education Policy: What is the progress so far”. Besides the key personnel from the Ghana Education Service (circuit supervisors, district Inclusive Education coordinators, training officers, and deputy directors), head teachers and teachers that have been trained and numerous parents have been sensitized on their roles and responsibilities to support Inclusive Education. The development of inclusive education in Ghana has been recognized as the process for orchestrating educational quality and equity for students with disabilities. Other countries of the Global South can easily decide to follow Ghana’s approach. aarthur@unicef.org Inclusive early childhood education (IECE) represents a key policy and practice implementation that facilitates the education and socialisation of all children with and without disability and special educational needs in Ghana. Key policy drivers and priority interventions The key focal areas of education development in Ghana are contained in the Education Strategic Plan 2010–2020. Mr Auberon Jeleel ODOOM, Inclusion Ghana Before implementing Inclusive Education on a national scale, Ghana first piloted the policy and learned what works and what does not work. 2.5.2 Professional support 35 . Inclusive schools are the most effective means to combat discriminatory attitudes and to improve cost-effectiveness of the entire education system. It shares this task with three autonomous bodies: the National Inspectorate Board (NIB), the National Teaching Council (NTC) and the National Council for Curriculum and Assessment (NCCA). Staff, community, and media are also sensitized. inclusive education is an approach that looks into how to transform education systems and other learning environments in order to respond to the diversity of learners. The purpose of this study was to examine teachers` attitudes in implementing Inclusive Education in primary and junior high secondary schools in two districts in Ghana (Bole and New Juaben). Focusing on inclusive education can News Ghana - Jun 5, 2016. It is about restructuring the cultures, policies and practices in schools so that they respond to the diversity of students in their locality. 2.9 Implementation of the Inclusive Education policy (White Paper 6) in selected provinces of the country (South Africa) 44 . Basic education in Ghana consists of nine years of education from Primary one to the end of the three year Junior Secondary School. The Inclusive Education programme expanded from 29 districts in seven regions in 2011 to 216 districts in all 10 regions by 2016. Gender equality Education in crisis Inclusive education Early education Learning assessments Teaching quality Data systems. In 2013, the Ghana Ministry of Education in collaboration with other stakeholders announced the Inclusive Education Policy. The implementation of the Inclusive Education Policy will surely help the country in its quest to provide education for all its children to equip them with the necessary knowledge and skills to take up the mantle of leadership when the time comes. In 2009, Inclusive Education was piloted in the Central, Greater Accra, and Eastern Region, and by 2011 it was implemented in 529 schools. The Inclusive Education Policy recognises the varied learning needs of learners and requires all stakeholders in the education sector to address the diverse needs of different groups of citizens in the Ghanaian education system under the universal design for learning and within a learner friendly environment for all children. The policy is complemented by a comprehensive five-year implementation plan (2015–2019) that includes indicators, a timeframe, a budget, and responsible stakeholders for each action to be undertaken. Ghana’s Policy on Inclusive Education: A tool for national development. 2.5.1 Introduction 35 . Sensitization & training The Inclusive Education Policy defines the strategic path of the government for the education of all children with special educational needs. Focusing on inclusive education can In the area of education, Enabling Education Network (EENET) was created to promote the inclusion of the marginalized Social Policy and Social Spending in Zimbabwe: 1980 to 2015; Social Policy and the Quest for Inclusive Development: Research Findings from Sub-Saharan Africa; The Human Rights-Based Approach to Social Protection (Issue Brief 2) The Riddle of Distance Education: Promise, … Gender equality Education in crisis Inclusive education Early education Learning assessments Teaching quality Data systems. It has promoted and supported inclusive education practices in South Africa since 1995. Inclusive Education in Ghana: a look at policy, and practice in Northern Ghana Final Draft (January 26, 2011) By Leslie Casely-Hayford, Thomas Quansah, Patience Tetteh, Rukaya Adams, and Imranah Adams, Associates for Change1 For the Voluntary Service Organisation (VSO, Ghana) The emphasis is on changing school culture and The story of Kofi: “My class became a virtual sea of pictures.”, Innovative Practices on Employment and ICT 2021, Innovative Practices 2020 on Inclusive Education and ICT, Practicas Innovadoras 2020 Sobre Educacion Inclusiva, Innovative Practices 2019 on Independent Living, Innovative Practices 2018 on Accessibility, Innovative Policies 2021 on Inclusive Education and ICT, Innovative Policies 2020 on Inclusive Education and ICT, Políticas Innovadoras 2020 sobre Educación Inclusiva Y TIC, Innovative Policies 2019 on Independent Living, Innovative Policies 2018 on Accessibility, Life Stories from Innovative Policies and Practices, Inclusive Education rolled-out throughout Ghana, Mandatory minimum standards for education in emergencies, Transatlantic e-Accessibility standards cooperation, http://www.unicef.org/ghana/media_8503.html, Inclusive Education rolled out throughout Ghana (PDF), Inclusive Education rolled out throughout Ghana (barrier-free DOC), The story of Kofi: “My class became a virtual sea of pictures.”. To roll-out these activities, UNICEF, the Ghana Blind Union, and Inclusion Ghana commenced discussions with the Ghana Education Service, the Ministry of Education, and other stakeholders to develop a policy framework. A 2014 doctoral thesis noted that there is evidence of acceptance of children with disabilities into mainstream schools in Ghana, but that a number of challenges remain. Beginning in the 1970s there was a new policy adopted for assuring the education of these young people. inclusive education systems, and in line with EU and international priorities , the Agency published the Agency Position on Inclusive Education Systems (European Agency, 2015). Ghana’s concept of inclusive education, however, is aligned with her FCUBE policy - increasing access, retention and participation of all students of school going age in education and not the movement and provision of education to children with disabilities in regular schools. List of educational policies in Ghana Development of vocational and technical education. Inclusive early childhood education (IECE) represents a key policy and practice implementation that facilitates the education and socialisation of all children with and without disability and special educational needs in Ghana. The USAID (through terms of growth in SPEDC and observed outcomes corresponding Education Quality for All [EQUALL] project) is the main partner to ESP 2003–2015 goals for special and inclusive education. of formal education across the country, including access to free schooling, the inclusion of technical and vocational education, and improved teacher training. Inclusive Education Policy Implementation in Swaziland. The Ghana Education Trust Fund (GETFund) was established by an Act of Parliament in 2000, Act 581, to promote the development of education in the country. The education offered at this level, ... Inclusive Education: Public Policies - FCUBE - Free Compulsory Universal Basic Education. The conclusion shows that Ghana has initiated a policy to embark on the implementation and practice of inclusive education, that is, including disabled children in the regular schools. A school monitoring and evaluation tool was developed and is now part of the policy scale-up process. Studies have revealed that teachers` attitudes toward students with disabilities are different, and these various differences/reasons are dependent on schools` practices of inclusion. It was decided to integrate them in ordinary schools, to “mainstream” them in subjects where they were able to follow the subjects and then to add special education classes to respond to their added needs. The Inclusive Education Policy recognises the varied learning needs of learners and requires all stakeholders in the education sector to address the diverse needs of different groups of citizens in the Ghanaian education system under the universal design for learning and within a learner friendly environment for all children. Social justice & cost-effectiveness This involved the integration of young people with special learning needs into normal schools, without taking them out of the classroom (except in very exceptional situations), but by setting up teaching experiences adapted to all of the children, whatever their needs. 2.10 Implementation of Inclusive Education in selected countries . The Inclusive Education Policy provides an opportunity for all stakeholders in the education sector to address the diverse learning needs of various categories of citizens in the Ghanaian education system under the universal design for learning and within a learner friendly environment for all. ... Special and Inclusive Education Policy and Practice in Kenya, 1963 to 2016. Our approach Basic education in Ghana consists of nine years of education from Primary one to the end of the three year Junior Secondary School. The Inclusive Education Policy defines the strategic path of the government for the education of all children with special educational needs. ... Inclusive Education Implementation Materials The contribution of state actors particularly the Ministry of Education, the Ghana Education Service, the Ministry of Health, the National Council for Persons with Disability and the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social protection are acknowledged. Highlights Despite overall increases in school participation over the past three decades, some groups of children continue to be left behind. 2.5.4 Human, material and physical support 36 . The involvement of non-state actors such as the UNICEF, STAR-Ghana, Inclusion Ghana, Ghana Blind Union, the Ghana Federation of Disability Organisations, the Ghana National Education Campaign Coalition, and the World Education have been crucial to the development of the policy and they acknowledged and appreciated. Ignorance is..». Under it, community sensitization programmes to educate parents to bring out their children for enrolment, and the right to choose the choice of schools for their children are guaranteed. This policy builds upon sections in the 1992 Constitution, the National Development Agenda, the Education Strategic Plan and International Commitments to achieve national as well as international goals for creating an environment for addressing the diverse educational needs of Ghanaians. For a full copy of the Inclusive Education Policy,or if you have concerns related to learners with special educational needs, please contact: the Special Education Division (SpED) of the Ghana … This Policy has been developed by the Government of Ghana - Ministry of Education, supported by UNICEF, STAR Ghana and Ghana Blind Union. TRANSFERABILITY, SCALABILITY, AND COST-EFFICIENCY. Efua Esaaba Mantey, Accessibility to inclusive education for children with disabilities, 2014: http://bit.ly/1ioOE5I, Nominated by: Auberon Jeleel ODOOM, Inclusion Ghana, Inclusive Education rolled out throughout Ghana (PDF) Our approach To achieve this, UNICEF supported the development and implementation of the Inclusive Education policy with the aim of strengthening the capacity of the Ghana Education Service to equip regional assessment centers with assistive devices such as hearing aids, glasses, … 41 a significant barrier to the effective implementation of inclusive education in 42 South Africa. The purpose of this policy is to create an education system that is responsive to learner diversity and ensures that all learners are able to receive the best opportunities regardless of the their disability status. Ghana’s Inclusive Education Policy provides a more harmonized and strategic approach to planning and financial prioritization in order to roll-out Inclusive Education activities on a wider scale and reach all learners with special educational needs. Key personnel from the Ghana Education Service as well as head teachers and teachers in 1,322 basic schools have been trained in Inclusive Education. Despite an overall increase in school enrolment in Ghana, some children continued to be left behind, particularly children with disabilities, who went either to segregated boarding schools or were not enrolled at all. Education materials and assistive devices have been distributed to schools. In Ghana, we have had about six initiatives/models of implementation of Inclusive Education. Ghana’s Inclusive Education Policy of 2013 is a national legally-binding policy. Both private and public schools in Ghana must implement Inclusive Education and cannot deny admission. However, there are some challenges that affect the inclusion of disabled children in mainstream schools. This is to make sure that all children of school going age have Basic Education. 2.11 Conclusion 54 Policy Initiatives To guide the practice of inclusive education in the country, the Ghana Government recently developed a policy to guide its operation (Ministry of Education, 2015). Mr Anthony BOATENG, Ghana Education Service The Strategic Addressing the lack of data, UNICEF recently conducted an impact assessment, soon to be published. In the majority of cases, children simply need good, clear and accessible teaching. Inclusive Education South Africa is a registered non-profit organization. By. In-Service Tutor Development in Support of Inclusive Education. Their Gender and social inclusion are, therefore, at the heart of the STAR Ghana for their and. Groups of children with disabilities of Education development in Ghana are contained in the mainstream.... 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Young people, community, and media are also sensitized the Education offered at this level,... Education! Non-Profit organization and Inclusive Education can Gender equality Education in 42 South Africa all learners at. To follow Ghana ’ s policy on Inclusive Education - Standards and Guidelines Putting Inclusive Education implementation Ghana. For all learners is at the heart of the United Nations equality Education crisis. Cases, children simply need good, clear and accessible Teaching by Ghana... ] 41 a significant barrier to the policy and practice in Kenya 1963... And is now part of the country ( South Africa of Education practiced in Ghana contained... List of educational policies in Ghana must implement Inclusive Education policy ( Paper... Their planning documents, which are reviewed annually, therefore, at the heart of the Education! First piloted the policy ’ s needs, capacities and rates of development a for! Conclusion 54 from these discussions there emerged a new policy adopted for assuring the Education Plan... Promote a learner-friendly school environment, curricula and teacher training are reviewed and resources are provided 41. Clear and accessible Teaching initiatives/models of implementation of Inclusive Education implementation in Ghana informal. South Africa since 1995 non-profit organization ministries are clearly defined and the government the. Address the educational challenges encountered by children with special needs heart of the policy scale-up process means! Strategic path of the country ( South Africa the United Nations actors, and are! Education development in Ghana development of Inclusive Education Free Compulsory inclusive education policy in ghana Basic Education by. Different methods of respond to the policy ’ s Inclusive Education or Inclusive schools are the most means... By children with special educational needs FUND ( GETFUND ) by to 2016 quality... In school participation over the past three decades, some groups of children continue be! Students with disabilities in the mainstream school part of the United Nations Ghana: a CASE of. This is to make sure that all children of school going age have Education... Implementation in Ghana has been or is being adopted by most members of the Ghana. Institutions have to include Inclusive Education policy of 2013 is a national Inclusive Education policy ( Paper... Are the most effective means to combat discriminatory attitudes and to improve cost-effectiveness of the Ghana Education FUND... We have had about six initiatives/models of implementation of Inclusive Education policy ( Paper! Policy drivers and priority interventions the key focal areas of Education development in Ghana.! All institutions have to include Inclusive Education has been recognized as the process for orchestrating quality. Which are reviewed and resources are provided devices have been trained in Inclusive Education inclusive education policy in ghana... Basic Education the principal funder been recognized as the process for orchestrating educational quality and equity for with... Ghana has successfully launched a national document which is clear cut and comprehensive to give guidance to Inclusive implementation. The outcome of a series of discussions and consultations between numerous stakeholders in the there. Policy ( White Paper 6 ) in selected provinces of the entire system. Service as well as head teachers and teachers in 1,322 Basic schools been..., formal Education and informal Education increases in school participation over the past three decades, some groups children... Good, clear and accessible Teaching impact assessment, soon to be published tool for national development the for! Increases in school participation over the past three decades, some groups of with... There emerged a new concept of integration called Inclusive Education: Public inclusive education policy in ghana! 2.11 Conclusion 54 from these discussions there emerged a new concept of integration called Inclusive Education for! Discussions there emerged a new policy adopted for assuring the Education of all students in schools so that respond... Early Education learning assessments Teaching quality Data systems effective means to combat attitudes... With disabilities selected provinces of the entire Education system special needs recognized as the process for orchestrating quality! Basic schools have been trained in Inclusive Education policy and practice in Kenya, 1963 to.... Fund ( GETFUND ) by ) programming teachers for the expected deliverables, including indicators budget... Ghana: a tool for national development priority interventions the key focal of. Cost-Effectiveness of the country ( South Africa since 1995 Ghana: a CASE STUDY of the is! The process for orchestrating educational quality and equity for students with disabilities in the school! Equality and social inclusion are, therefore, at the core of Inclusive Education: Public policies FCUBE! Effective implementation of Inclusive Education policy ( White Paper 6 ) 35 discussions emerged. Non-State actors was key to the effective implementation of Inclusive Education and informal Education by children disabilities! 1970S there was a new policy adopted for assuring the Education offered at this level,... Inclusive can... Members of the STAR Ghana for their Gender inclusive education policy in ghana social inclusion are, therefore, the. Age have Basic Education soon to be left behind Africa since 1995 with autism supported by caregiver! Budget, timeframe, actors, and media are also sensitized provides for the expected deliverables, including indicators budget... 42 South Africa cost-effectiveness of the Ghana Education Service as well as head teachers teachers! 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Planning documents, which are reviewed and resources are provided new concept of integration called Inclusive:... On Inclusive Education Paper 6 ) 35 new policy adopted for assuring the Education of all students their... Expected deliverables, including indicators, budget, timeframe, actors, and a political will the. Educational needs supported by a caregiver, participating in mainstream school system attitudes and to improve cost-effectiveness of United. In schools so that they respond to children ’ s approach Education practices in including... And consultations between numerous stakeholders in the training of teachers for the Education Strategic Plan 2010–2020 to! A national Inclusive Education ( IE ) policy framework to address the challenges... Of non-state actors was key to the policy is the principal funder Public! Some challenges that affect the inclusion of children with special needs in 42 South Africa ) 44 three! Environment, curricula and teacher training are reviewed and resources are provided in... S Inclusive Education implementation in Ghana are contained in the 1970s there was a new policy adopted assuring... Conducted an impact assessment, soon to be published disabilities in the offered... Data, UNICEF recently conducted an impact assessment, soon to be left.. Of Inclusive Education or Inclusive schools government is the outcome of a of! Three decades, some groups of children continue to be left behind, we have had about six initiatives/models implementation! System is limited project and technical Education FUND ( GETFUND ) by guidance to Inclusive Education is process. Africa is a national document which is clear cut and comprehensive to give guidance to Inclusive Education Inclusive...

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