Baka was established in the 1920s by wealthy Muslim and Christians families who built mansions there. The neighborhood had an agricultural character until the 1950s. During the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the neighborhood was left on the Israeli (western) side of the dividing line between West Jerusalem and East Jerusalem. Its population changed, as with many neighborhoods on both sides of the dividing line. The neighborhood became a central location because of the Jerusalem Railway Station located at its edge. Demographically, the neighborhood contains a mix of religious and secular Jews. It is popular among English and French-speaking immigrants.