The earth herself is the nourisher of life; but she is also the burial ground of the dead. Opposing Forces The opposition between Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca is reflected in the legend of the mythical city of Tollan . Simply put, the narrative of Cortés fulfilling his role as the mythical Quetzalcoatl in the conquest of the Aztec territories might just have been propaganda from the Spanish side (to provide a veneer of pretext for their conquests) or an excuse from the Aztec side (to hide their inability to stop the conquistadors). From the etymological perspective, the very term Quetzalcoatl (or Quetzalcohuātl in Classical Nahuatl) means ‘feathered serpent’, with the Nahuatl word, quetzalli roughly meaning ‘long green feather’, later associated with the ‘emerald plumed bird’, and coatl referring to a serpent. Tezcatlipoca es considerado como el señor de las batallas y el que decide la vida o la muerte, pero también es fuente de todo poder y felicidad, además de ser quien juzgaba a qué tipo de pruebas debían de enfrentar los muertos para ser dignos de ingresar al reino de los muertos, conocido como Mictlan. The deity Tezcatlipoca is the Aztec god of death and the sun that fought Quetzalcoatl. His history reads like a road atlas. Qualities. April 20, 2019. However, given the violent loss of her physical form, the monster (now embodying the earth) thirsts for blood and hearts – thus alluding to the grisly practice of human sacrifice. Quetzalcoatl's departure from his people was the work of his old enemy, Tezcatlipoca, who wanted people to make bloodier sacrifices than the flowers, jade, and butterflies they offered to Quetzalcoatl. According to a few of them, possibly influenced by the misconception of Quetzalcoatl’s ‘white’ skin, the Aztec god (also coincidentally associated with the East) was historically Jesus Christ who visited places across the globe including the Americas. A name that reverberates throughout the rich Mesoamerican culture, Quetzalcoatl is arguably (and rather uniquely) the most renowned of all mythical entities from the Aztec mythology, whose legacy has survived the rigors of time and foreign influence. Kirby was born in a little burg just south of El Paso, Texas called Fabens. Also needed human sacrifice. When it stopped raining, the land started to appear again. The gods Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca brought the earth goddess Tlalteuctli down from on high. It was there that he started to publish his monthly article for the Manzanillo Sun. He also told them to take two, and only two, ears of corn each with them and he would provide for everything else. Without Quetzalcoatl's influence, Tezcatlipoca was free to work his evil unhindered; many look forward to the day when Quetzalcoatl will get over himself and return. 2016 Kirby Vickery September 2016. In the Aztec creation story, there are five “Suns” or worlds. Even during the peak period of the Aztecs during the 15th century, Quetzalcoatl was revered as one of the important deities in their pantheon and as the creator of mankind and earth. In some myths, Quetzalcoatl grows a beard and goes on to wear a white mask, thereby hinting at his erroneous representation as a white-bearded god. Find this month’s issue of the magazine and archives of all past magazines at this link (to download) or view it online as a flipping magazine on ISSUU. Like we discussed before, Tezcatlipoca was associated with night and darkness, whereas his equal yet opposite Quetzalcoatl was associated with light and thus possibly referred to as the White Tezcatlipoca. is a Divine Spirit of Aztec mythology from Mesoamerica. With each victory a world age is ended; Tezcatlipoca’svictories signify the end of the second and fourth suns, so that Quetzalcoatl may return at the end of the fifth and final sun to triumph at the ending of the world. The flames envelop the surroundings, and enemies caught in them are temporarily prevented from invoking the True Name release of their Noble Phantasms. Bibliography. Tezcatlipoca, the Shadow God, is the Aztec god of darkness and a powerful enemy of Wonder Woman and the heroes called Aztek. For Christians of faith, the story is fact. Another legacy, possibly borrowed from the earlier Toltecs, made Quetzalcoatl the patron god of priests, thus alluding to the symbol of death and resurrection. He currently reside in Coupeville, WA, Edmonton, AB, and Manzanillo, Colima, Mexico, depending on whose having what medical problems and the time of year. 28 Apr. Aztec-history.com. Black Tezcatlipoca. Pronunciation of Tezcatlipoca with 1 audio pronunciation, 1 translation and more for Tezcatlipoca. According to Niang-Niang, the Magic God Tezcatlipoca was created to combat the Spanish conquistadores. Quetzalcoatl was very wise and intelligent, but Tezcatlipoca was a master of deception and trickery. Numerous myths relate how Tezcatlipoca expelled the priest-king Quetzalcóatl, the Feathered Serpent, from the latter’s centre at Tula. He was also known as the rain god and the bringer of life. Like we discussed before, Tezcatlipoca was associated with night and darkness, whereas his equal yet opposite Quetzalcoatl was associated with light and thus possibly referred to as the White Tezcatlipoca. "Ancient Aztec Religion." Then he joined the Air Force after high school and one year of college and spent 23 years stationed in eleven or twelve places and traveled all over the place doing administrative, security, and electronic things. One of the greatest stories from the Old Testament in the Bible is the story of Noah and the flood. Another when the damn across the Bosphorus Strait was overcome by the melting of some ice sheets during the decline of the last major ice age (approx. However, this connection of Quetzalcoatl-Cortés is not really found in any native document that is devoid of the post-Conquest Spanish influence. Upon retirement he went back to New England as a Quality Assurance Manager in electronics manufacturing before he was moved to Production Manager for the company’s Mexico operations. Posted By: Dattatreya Mandal The gods were: Huitzilopochtli (south), Quetzalcoatl (east), Tezcatlipoca (west), and Xipe Tote (north). What we have today is a plethora of creation stories for each sun depending on where you are when you hear each story or from which codex you pull your translation. Similarly, another legendary Toltec ruler Topiltzin Ce Acatl Quetzalcoatl was hailed as the son of Mixcoatl, a renowned Chichimeca warrior. 0. Belief in Cortés as Quetzalcoatl and the fall of Tenochtitlan Tezcatlipoca and Quetzalcoatl Tezcatlipoca was often described as a rival of another important god of the Aztecs, the culture hero, Quetzalcoatl . The inebriated god then goes on to flirt with his own sister – the celibate Quetzalpetlatl, thereby hinting at some form of incest. According to a previously held conventional theory, the Aztec Emperor Moctezuma II regarded the arrival of Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés on Mexican shores (in circa 1519 AD) as the return of Quetzalcoatl, given his ‘white bearded’ face. Quetzalcoatl guided people to prosperity as a virtuous deity, but was eventually vanquished by the god Tezcatlipoca and disappeared from Aztec. And as with various mythical figures, Quetzalcoatl was also worshipped in his different aspects. Furthermore, both Quetzalcoatl and his brother Tezcatlipoca were honored as Ipalnemohuani, meaning ‘by whom we live’, with the title giving credence to their statuses as creator gods. Tezcatlipoca tricked Quetzalcoatl by getting him drunk and then holding up a mirror that showed Tezcatlipoca's cruel face. As he understand it, they we were passing through. All Rights Reserved. After having looked over several and my own notes of years’ past, I can assure you that we are not the first. Tezcatlipoca’s cult was brought to central Mexico by the Toltecs, Nahua-speaking warriors from the north, about the end of the 10th century ad. However, given the diversity of cultures in Mesoamerica and ever-evolving nature of myths and lore, Quetzalcoatl was also portrayed in forms that went beyond the morphology of serpents. Web. It has created more backlash and controversy over time in our modern world, almost more than any other story. Tezcatlipoca (pron. In one version of the Aztec creation account  the myth of the Five Suns, The first creation, "The sun of the Earth" was ruled by Tezcatlipoca but destroyed by Quetzalcoatl when he struck down Tezcatlipoca who then transformed into a jaguar. So the combination of quetzalli "precious feather" and coatl "snake" has often been interpreted as signifying a serpent with the feathers of Quetzal. Click here to As we fleetingly mentioned in the earlier entry (referring to the Olmec depiction of the serpent god), the cult of the serpent in Mesoamerica predates the Aztecs by almost 2,000-years. Furthermore, historians have found only scarce evidence of such a foretelling of Quetzalcoatl’s return in pre-Hispanic traditions. Tezcatlipoca was often described as a rival of another important god of the Aztecs, the culture hero, Quetzalcoatl. In the twist of irony, such ties with the foreigners rather bolstered their autonomy as native powers, thereby allowing for the preservation of indigenous traditions related to Quetzalcoatl for centuries to come. This confederacy went on to provide logistical support to the Spanish conquistadors in their time and even went on to take control of the symbolic Cholula from a pro-Aztec faction. However, he had grown fond of a young couple, Tata and Nena. Renton, WA: Wizards of the Coast, 2005. At the beginning, there was nothing. Waking up next morning, the remorseful Quetzalcoatl willingly sets himself on fire (thereby sacrificing himself), and consequently his ashes and heart rise up to the sky to transform into the radiant morning star (Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli or aspect of Venus). What happened there was a slow crumbling of the dam across the strait, causing a slow flooding of the Black Sea, which was a fresh water lake until that time. Quetzalcoatl y Tezcatlipoca fueron las deidades mexicas responsables de la creación del mundo como lo conocemos para que fuera habitable por lo humanos. The Nahuatl word quetzalli means "long green feather" (Molina: ), but later came to be applied also to the bird who give these feathers: the Resplendent Quetzal. Then there was the first and most powerful god, Ometecuhtli/Omecihuatl. Th… The question can be raised – why was the deity particularly associated with a serpent. The power to have the traits and abilities of gods and goddesses from Aztec mythology. That is to say, it was both good and evil, funny and sad, positive and negative and you get the idea. For example, there might have been a Toltec warlord with the namesake Quetzalcoatl, possibly also known as Kukulkán, who invaded the Yucatan in the early Post-Classic Period (circa 900 AD). Variation of Transcendent Physiology. Tezcatlipoca(テスカトリポカ, Tesukatoripoka?) There were several different myths and stories about Tezcatlipoca and Quetzalcoatl in Aztec tradition in relation to their rivalry. Xiuhcoatl: O Flame, Burn the Gods Themselves: The second coming of the flames Quetzalcoatl used to burn down her temple to keep its priceless artifacts out of the hands of the evil god Tezcatlipoca. Archaeologist Karl Taube hypothesized, the feathered serpent, by virtue of its ‘evolved’ morphology, may have been associated with fertility as well as the intricate political classes of the region. In that regard, Quetzalcoatl was often venerated as the god of light, rain, justice, mercy, and wind (along with even knowledge, books, and poetry); while contrastingly, Tezcatlipoca was considered as the god of night, deceit, sorcery, and the Earth. One of the more important gods was Tlaloc who was also worshiped by the Mayans. It is through their inter-actions in satisfying each of their own desires and dislikes of the others that the other four worlds or “Suns” were created and all but the last destroyed and the creation of all the other pantheon of Aztec gods, some of whom were around and worshiped a long time before the Aztecs ever came on the scene. He told them to hollow out a large tree and get in it so they would be able to ride out the flood. The gods always fought, so they never got the job done. Invisible an… A fight between Tezcatlipoca and the god Quetzalcoatl, who wanted to replace him, put an end to this first world with the giants being devoured by jaguars. Tezcatlipoca was sometimes cast as the supernatural antagonist of Quetzalcoatl, the deity associated with cultural creativity, urban order, and priestly wisdom. Tezcatlipoca (テスカトリポカ Tesukatoripoka) is a Magic God of Aztec Mythology and a member of the true Gremlin. 2014. Quetzal feathers were a rare and precious commodity in the Aztec culture. And it is this latter characterization that has been debated in the academic circles. By Kirby Vickery from the September 2016 Edition. En la mitología Mexica, hubo una batalla titánica que dio origen y creación al mundo como lo veían en el México prehispánico. Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca represent the bright and dark aspects of the Creator. He moved to the Phoenix area and finally got his education and ended up teaching. 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After the fall of Teotihuacan by circa early 7th century AD, the obeisance of the ‘Feathered Serpent’ didn’t stop but rather spread to other Mesoamerican urban centers, including Xochicalco, Cholula, and even Chichen Itza of the Maya people – as could be discerned from the iconography of the period. It reflects the basic Aztec world-view, which holds that chaos and entropy will ultimately win over order and civilization. He was known as the “Provider” and ruled the fourth layer of the upper world. Quetzalcoatl became the ruler of the subsequent creation "Sun of Water", and Tezcatlipoca destroyed the third creation "The Sun of Wind" by striking do… — 1 Profile 1.1 Background 1.2 Personality 1.3 Appearance 2 Role 3 Abilities 4 References Tezcatlipoca is a spider and jaguar deity. When Tlaloc saw this, he was furious and asked them if this was how they returned his faith in them. Leaving behind a prophecy about its return. In some versions of the myth Quetzalcóatl and Tezcatlipoca repeatedly fight each other and as a consequence the four ages are created and destroyed with each successive battle between the two gods. Tez-ca-tli-po-ca) or Smoking Mirror in Nahuatl was one of the most important gods in Postclassical Mesoamerican culture and a particularly important deity for the Toltecs (from the 10th century CE) and later, for the Aztecs, most especially at Texcoco. He parted with the university and moved to Whidbey Island, Washington where he was introduced to Manzanillo, Mexico. This view has been questioned by ethno-historians who argue that the Quetzalcoatl-Cortés connection is not found in any document that was created independently of post-Conquest Spanish influence, and that there is little proof of a pre-Hispanic belief in Quetzalcoatl's return. Interestingly enough, Mixcoatl was primarily perceived as the god of hunt in the later Aztec mythology. 5500BCE). 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The september 2016 Edition called Fabens of Tollan myth, the deity Tezcatlipoca is the story of Noah and flood... México prehispánico 20, 2019 Quetzalcoatl a enchanted mirror Noah and the bringer of life area... Creation first are five “ Suns ” or worlds renowned Chichimeca warrior is a spider and jaguar deity we... ’ past, I can assure you that we are not the first most!